Staphylea malabarica (Gamble), comb.ined. (provisionally accepted name) (syn: Dalrympelea malabarica (Gamble) Simmons; Turpinia malabarica Gamble) as per Catalogue of life
India (Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Kerala) as per Catalogue of life;
Malayalam: Marali, Pambaravetti, Kanakkappalam, Alunkumaram, Others– Marali;

Trees, to 20 m high, bole buttressed, bark greyish-brown. Leaves imparipinnate, opposite, stipulate; rachis 19-25 cm long, stout, swollen at base, glabrous, leaflets 3-7, opposite, stipellate; petiolule 2-20 mm, slender, grooved above; lamina 5-12 x 1.5-5 cm, elliptic, elliptic-obovate, elliptic-ovate or elliptic-lanceolate, base acute or cuneate, apex acuminate or obtusely acuminate, margin serrate, glabrous, coriaceous, lateral nerves 4-7 pairs, pinnate, slender, prominent, intercostae reticulate, prominent. Flowers bisexual, yellowish-white, 8-10 mm across, in axillary and terminal panicles with opposite branches; sepals 5, 3 mm long, ovate, slightly connate at base, obtuse, ciliate; petals 5; stamens 5; filaments shortly villous, inserted outside the disc; disc erect, crenate; ovary sessile, superior, 3 lobed, 3-celled. Fruit a berry, subglobose, 1-3 pointed, but not lobed, glabrous; seeds complanate.

Flowering and fruiting: January-April
Evergreen forests
South India and Sri Lanka



Sir the leaves and fruits pics I mentioned in your mail of Pyrus pashia seen at Ulvi WLS, Karnataka in the last week of April, ’10. Request validation or otherwise  of the same

Not really … The leaves are compound mostly trifoliate. Pyrus has simple leaves. Could this be some species of Crateva

Sir are you pointing towards Crateva religiosa, fruits and leaves are very close to it!! 

We will have to look for other options as some leaves are with five leaflets.

Could be Turpinia malabarica (Stephyleaceae



Thanks a lot … for the possible ID. Could find one type specimen of the same from Kew herbarium, have attached the same. Hope it helps in resolving the ID. 

… informs me that the ID of this plant has been confirmed by … who has worked in this area as what … had  suggested Turpinia malabarica. Thanks to all.



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