Staphylea malabarica (Gamble), comb.ined. (provisionally accepted name) (syn: Dalrympelea malabarica (Gamble) Simmons; Turpinia malabarica Gamble) as per Catalogue of life;
India (Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Kerala) as per Catalogue of life;
Malayalam: Marali, Pambaravetti, Kanakkappalam, Alunkumaram, Others– Marali;

Trees, to 20 m high, bole buttressed, bark greyish-brown. Leaves imparipinnate, opposite, stipulate; rachis 19-25 cm long, stout, swollen at base, glabrous, leaflets 3-7, opposite, stipellate; petiolule 2-20 mm, slender, grooved above; lamina 5-12 x 1.5-5 cm, elliptic, elliptic-obovate, elliptic-ovate or elliptic-lanceolate, base acute or cuneate, apex acuminate or obtusely acuminate, margin serrate, glabrous, coriaceous, lateral nerves 4-7 pairs, pinnate, slender, prominent, intercostae reticulate, prominent. Flowers bisexual, yellowish-white, 8-10 mm across, in axillary and terminal panicles with opposite branches; sepals 5, 3 mm long, ovate, slightly connate at base, obtuse, ciliate; petals 5; stamens 5; filaments shortly villous, inserted outside the disc; disc erect, crenate; ovary sessile, superior, 3 lobed, 3-celled. Fruit a berry, subglobose, 1-3 pointed, but not lobed, glabrous; seeds complanate.

Flowering and fruiting: January-April
Evergreen forests
South India and Sri Lanka

Sir the leaves and fruits pics I mentioned in your mail of Pyrus pashia seen at Ulvi WLS, Karnataka in the last week of April, ’10. Request validation or otherwise  of the same

Not really … The leaves are compound mostly trifoliate. Pyrus has simple leaves. Could this be some species of Crateva?

Sir are you pointing towards Crateva religiosa, fruits and leaves are very close to it!!

We will have to look for other options as some leaves are with five leaflets.

Could be Turpinia malabarica (Stephyleaceae)


Thanks a lot … for the possible ID. Could find one type specimen of the same from Kew herbarium, have attached the same. Hope it helps in resolving the ID.

… informs me that the ID of this plant has been confirmed by … who has worked in this area as what … had  suggested Turpinia malabarica. Thanks to all.


508 ID wild tree: 16 high res. images.
Please ID wild tree,
Location: bloomed near Vannappuram Thodupuzha Idukki Kerala INDIA
Altitude: 1500fsl
Flower date: 25NOV2023, 01.55pm
Habitat: wild moisture evergreen misty sloppy canopied alpine
Plant habit: deciduous tree, erect, branches, branchlets, hard woody cylindrical stem 50 inches base circumference, rough white bark
Height: 20 meters
Leaves: opposite odd pinnate, leaflets elliptic acute simple glossy serrated margins, size upto: 10×6cm
Flower: terminal panicle inflorescence, clustered, diameter:07mm, greenish yellow, fragrant
Camera: CANON EOS1500D +FL10x

Can it be from Sapindaceae?

Burseraceae member, Protium or cararium????


Yes, it is Turpinia sps. dear …, thank you very much for the Genus ID of my plant

Turpinia malabarica

Yes, it is Turpinia malabarica dear …, thank you very much for ID my tree.




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