IUCN Red List Status: Critically Endangered (CR)
indica L., Sp. pl. 1:515. 1753;.
¿ vah-tay-REE-uh ? — named for Dr Abraham Vater, German professor of medicine and botany Dictionary of arts and sciences Volume 6 or The British encyclopedia by William Nicholson
IN-dih-kuh or in-DEE-kuh — of or from IndiaDave’s Botanary

Habit- Tall trees generally up to 40 m sometimes goes up to 60 m.

Trunk & Bark- Bark greyish, smooth; blaze cream.
Branches and Branchlets- Young branchlets subterete, stellate hairy.
Exudates- Exudates resinous.
Leaves- Leaves simple, alternate, spiral; stipules caducous; petiole 2-3.5 cm, swollen at apex, nearly glabrous; lamina 8-27 x 4.5-10 cm, elliptic-oblong, apex abruptly acuminate or obtuse, base rounded to subcordate, margin entire, coriaceous, glabrous; midrib flat above; secondary nerves 13-20 pairs; curved near margin, impressed above; tertiary nerves slender, closely obliquely percurrent.
Inflorescence / Flower- Inflorescence axillary panicles with dense stellate hairs; flowers white; anthers yellow.
Fruit and Seed- Capsule, pale brown, 3-valved, oblong to 6.4 x 3.8 cm, calyx persistent, reflexed; seeds 1.
Common canopy to emergent trees in low and medium elevation wet evergreen forests, up to 1200 m.
Endemic to the Western Ghats- South and Central Sahyadris.
(Attributions- B. R. Ramesh, N. Ayyappan, Pierre Grard, Juliana Prosperi, S. Aravajy, Jean Pierre Pascal, The Biotik Team, French Institute of Pondicherry from India Biodiversity Portal)

Native: India (Karnataka, Kerala, Tamil Nadu)

A slow-growing species, found primarily in the west coast evergreen forests, and also occasionally in secondary evergreen dipterocarp forest in the south.
The timber has been overexploited, particularly for the plywood industry. Loss of habitat and other human activities have also contributed to population declines.
Citation: Ashton, P. 1998. Vateria indica. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.3. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 26 November 2014.



seedlings of vateria indica:
photographs of seedlings of vateria indica

– Have one at my farm at Shahapur. Sending a photograph.

This is one of the endangered species.

– I am posting the grown up trees from Agumbe, Shimoga district, Karnataka in a separate posting.

– all attaching the image of Vateria indica in bloom…
    IUCN status Status: Critically Endangered   A1cd   ver 2.3 <http://www.iucnredlist.org/redlist/categories_criteria_2_3>

ID confirmation MS310311 -20 -Vateria indica:
Vateria indica (salu doopada mara in kannada)-  the grown up trees from Agumbe, Shimoga district,  Karnataka.  The photos were taken in a garden maintained by Forest department. photos taken on 27.12.2010. These trees are grown on the roads as well.


Vateria indica seedlings from Kerala:
Seedlings of Vateria indica from Palakkad district, Kerala. Family: Dipterocarpaceae.
Indian copal tree.
Grows into a large beautiful evergreen tree.

This is a wonderful shade tree as well gives good shade throughout the year.

Have planted one on my property. Had written about it previously and it available at this link :
Sending a few more recent photographs.

One can see plenty of these beautiful trees on the Shimoga Agumbe high way near Agumbe


Names of Plants in India :: Vateria indica L.:
Vateria indica L. … (family: Dipterocarpaceae)

Flowers of India Discussions at efloraofindia more views in flickr more views on Google Earth
¿ vah-tay-REE-uh ? — named for Dr Abraham Vater, German professor of medicine and botany
Dictionary of arts and sciences Volume 6 or The British encyclopedia by William Nicholson
IN-dih-kuh or in-DEE-kuh — of or from IndiaDave’s Botanary
commonly known as: Indian copal tree, Indian gum anime, Malabar tallow tree, piney varnish tree, white dammarHindi: सफेद डामर safed daamarKannada: ಬಿಳಿ ಡಾವರು bili daamaru, ಬಿಳಿ ಧೂಪ bili dhupa, ಧೂಪದ ಮರ dhupada maraMalayalam: കുന്തിരിക്കപ്പൈന്‍ kuntirikkappayin, പയിനി paini, വെള്ളപ്പൈന്‍ vellappayinMarathi: चंद्रुस chandrusaOriya: ମନ୍ଦଧୂପ mandadhupa, ସନ୍ଦରସ sandarasaSanskrit: सर्जकः sarjakahTamil: துருளக்கம் turulakkam, வெள்ளைக்குங்கிலியம் vellai-k-kunki-liyamTelugu: తెల్లగుగ్గిలము tellaguggilamu
botanical names: Vateria indica L. … synonyms: no synonym known
~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~
Photographed at Kateli near Joida, Karnataka on 21 FEB 12
Many thanks to … for the ID
… more views at flickr.


Lofty tree foe identification 060712MK01:
Please help me to identify this tree found in a tea estate in Vaalparai region of Western Ghats. The tree is of 20m tall and leaves c.20cm long. Fruits 6-8cm long.

Location: near riverine stream
Place: Vaalparai, TN
Alt.: 950 m asl
Date: 13 July 2012

Yes its Vateria indica 

Many thanks for the identification. I confirmed this as Vateria indica L. of Dipterocarpaceae.
The attached fruit picture was taken from a different locality in same place.


Dhoopa tree:
I got the sapling saying it was “dhoopa” tree. The person was leaving in a rush and could not ask for the botanical name. Can anyone please confirm the botanical name? Some call Vateria indica as dhoop (dhup) and some call Ailanthus triphysa similarly.

Canarium strictum is locally called Dhoop. The plant featured here is Vateria indica my photographs of which are available at this link
Also have Dhoop on my property at Shahapur. Could send photographs of it if required for comparison later.

Thanks for the confirmation. I assumed it was Vateria indica as well, but was confused when I saw that some folks called Ailanthus triphysa and Canarium strictum as dhoop. I think it depends on region to region. Added to it Vateria indica was listed on the IUCN red list as well.
Even wikipedia has listed Vateria indica as “Dhoopada mara” (meaning dhoop tree) in Kannada. Also, Vateria indica is called as white dammar while Canarium strictum is called as black dammar tree.
From what I read online, Vateria indica grows straight and tall. Please confirm the growth habit as well. Also, is it necessary for high humidity to grow this tree? In Bangalore, the humidity plummets in Winter and Summer (almost to the lower teens causing lot of problems to my Vandas). Hope that it would not be a problem to this tree.

Yes, Canarium strictum, Shorea roxburgii are called as ‘Dhoopa’ tree in Tamil. The similarity being both produce resin and are used in rituals.


Seen this Evergreen tree at Anshi WLS, Karnataka.
Bot. name: Vateria indica
Family: Dipterocarpaceae
Identified by …

The pics are really superb.. thanks for showing this new plant to me..

Hypericaceae, Clusiaceae and Dipterocarpaceae Fortnight: Dipterocarpaceae :: Vateria indica :: at Karnataka: -PKA-Nov-31 : 5 posts by 5 authors. Attachments (6)
One more set of pics of Vateria indica from Karnataka.

Again a complete set ..thanks …

Again very well done

I really appreciate the full feature story- line type of series
ps now all we need are the fruits 🙂

Lovely pictures … One of my favorite rainforest trees. Thank you so much.


Anshi Ghat :: Vateria indica :: DVFEB32/65 : 4 posts by 3 authors. 6 images.
Anshi Ghat Karnataka

Date: 25 MAY 2013 Altitude: 340 – 380 m asl
Vateria indica L. (family: Dipterocarpaceae)
This tree was somewhere along KSH46 near Kumbharwada between Anshi and Joida.
And most likely planted.

Yes it seems to be Vateria indica

Is it the “Dhoopa” tree?

…- by nature, resin from its bark is used as a natural incense, and thus its common names in various regional languages may relate to “dhoopa”. I think Canarium strictum is the dhoop tree.

identification/validation (plant/jun15/8) : 4 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (5)
Request to identify/validate the following photos
Name: Vateria indica
Family: Dipterocarpaceae

For me the ID is correct.I have seen this tree near Agumbe, Jogfalls, Shimoga area etc. and photographed.    Where did you click the photograph?

Thanks for validating. This was captured at/near Jog falls area.

It is indeed Vateria indica.

Images by tspkumar


TSP-MAY2016-02-332:Images of Vateria indica (Dipterocarpaceae) : 4 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (7)

It is my pleasure to share few images of Vateria indica  (Dipterocarpaceae)

Ref: http://florakarnataka.ces.iisc.ernet.in/hjcb2/herbsheet.php?id=1576&cat=1 

Habit: A tall tree 

Habitat: Wild, semi-evergreen forest 

Sighting: Chikmagalur, Karnataka, about 1200 msl 

Date: 24-07-2015, 25-03-2016 and 01-05-2016

superb. the white petals captured perfectly

near alibaug dipterocarpus species – efloraofindia | Google Groups


Requesting a tree id_190422-1: 3 high res. images.
A large tree with white flowers, with no perceivable smell. Leaves large (Not to confuse with the Dracaena sp. Behind)
Dharmasthala, Karnataka.

Chonemorpha ??

Pl. post a habit image.

This is the habit picture.

I think it is Vateria indica


Dipterocarpaceae: Vateria indica L.: 1 high res. image.
location/date: Thrissur Distr., Kerala, November 2002




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