IUCN Red List Status: Critically Endangered (CR)
Vateria indica L., Sp. pl. 1:515. 1753;.
¿ vah-tay-REE-uh ? — named for Dr Abraham Vater, German professor of medicine and botany … Dictionary of arts and sciences Volume 6 or The British encyclopedia by William Nicholson
IN-dih-kuh or in-DEE-kuh — of or from India … Dave’s Botanary
Indian copal tree, Indian gum anime, Malabar tallow tree, piney varnish tree, white dammar • Hindi: सफेद डामर safed daamar • Kannada: ಬಿಳಿ ಡಾವರು bili daamaru, ಬಿಳಿ ಧೂಪ bili dhupa, ಧೂಪದ ಮರ dhupada mara • Malayalam: കുന്തിരിക്കപ്പൈന് kuntirikkappayin, പയിനി paini, വെള്ളപ്പൈന് vellappayin • Marathi: चंद्रुस chandrusa • Oriya: ମନ୍ଦଧୂପ mandadhupa, ସନ୍ଦରସ sandarasa • Sanskrit: सर्जकः sarjakah • Tamil: துருளக்கம் turulakkam, வெள்ளைக்குங்கிலியம் vellai-k-kunki-liyam • Telugu: తెల్లగుగ్గిలము tellaguggilamu;
Habit- Tall trees generally up to 40 m sometimes goes up to 60 m.
Trunk & Bark- Bark greyish, smooth; blaze cream.
Branches and Branchlets- Young branchlets subterete, stellate hairy.
Exudates- Exudates resinous.
Leaves- Leaves simple, alternate, spiral; stipules caducous; petiole 2-3.5 cm, swollen at apex, nearly glabrous; lamina 8-27 x 4.5-10 cm, elliptic-oblong, apex abruptly acuminate or obtuse, base rounded to subcordate, margin entire, coriaceous, glabrous; midrib flat above; secondary nerves 13-20 pairs; curved near margin, impressed above; tertiary nerves slender, closely obliquely percurrent.
Inflorescence / Flower- Inflorescence axillary panicles with dense stellate hairs; flowers white; anthers yellow.
Fruit and Seed- Capsule, pale brown, 3-valved, oblong to 6.4 x 3.8 cm, calyx persistent, reflexed; seeds 1.
Common canopy to emergent trees in low and medium elevation wet evergreen forests, up to 1200 m.
Endemic to the Western Ghats- South and Central Sahyadris.
(Attributions- B. R. Ramesh, N. Ayyappan, Pierre Grard, Juliana Prosperi, S. Aravajy, Jean Pierre Pascal, The Biotik Team, French Institute of Pondicherry from India Biodiversity Portal)
Native: India (Karnataka, Kerala, Tamil Nadu)
A slow-growing species, found primarily in the west coast evergreen forests, and also occasionally in secondary evergreen dipterocarp forest in the south.
The timber has been overexploited, particularly for the plywood industry. Loss of habitat and other human activities have also contributed to population declines.
seedlings of vateria indica:
– Have one at my farm at Shahapur. Sending a photograph.
– This is one of the endangered species.
– I am posting the grown up trees from Agumbe, Shimoga district, Karnataka in a separate posting.
– all attaching the image of Vateria indica in bloom…
Vateria indica seedlings from Kerala:
This is a wonderful shade tree as well gives good shade throughout the year.
Have planted one on my property. Had written about it previously and it available at this link :
Sending a few more recent photographs.
One can see plenty of these beautiful trees on the Shimoga Agumbe high way near Agumbe
Names of Plants in India :: Vateria indica L.:
¿ vah-tay-REE-uh ? — named for Dr Abraham Vater, German professor of medicine and botany
… Dictionary of arts and sciences Volume 6 or The British encyclopedia by William Nicholson
IN-dih-kuh or in-DEE-kuh — of or from India … Dave’s Botanary
commonly known as: Indian copal tree, Indian gum anime, Malabar tallow tree, piney varnish tree, white dammar • Hindi: सफेद डामर safed daamar • Kannada: ಬಿಳಿ ಡಾವರು bili daamaru, ಬಿಳಿ ಧೂಪ bili dhupa, ಧೂಪದ ಮರ dhupada mara • Malayalam: കുന്തിരിക്കപ്പൈന് kuntirikkappayin, പയിനി paini, വെള്ളപ്പൈന് vellappayin • Marathi: चंद्रुस chandrusa • Oriya: ମନ୍ଦଧୂପ mandadhupa, ସନ୍ଦରସ sandarasa • Sanskrit: सर्जकः sarjakah • Tamil: துருளக்கம் turulakkam, வெள்ளைக்குங்கிலியம் vellai-k-kunki-liyam • Telugu: తెల్లగుగ్గిలము tellaguggilamu
botanical names: Vateria indica L. … synonyms: no synonym known
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Photographed at Kateli near Joida, Karnataka on 21 FEB 12
Many thanks to … for the ID
… more views at flickr.
Lofty tree foe identification 060712MK01:
Location: near riverine stream
Place: Vaalparai, TN
Alt.: 950 m asl
Date: 13 July 2012
Yes its Vateria indica
Many thanks for the identification. I confirmed this as Vateria indica L. of Dipterocarpaceae.
The attached fruit picture was taken from a different locality in same place.
Canarium strictum is locally called Dhoop. The plant featured here is Vateria indica my photographs of which are available at this link
Also have Dhoop on my property at Shahapur. Could send photographs of it if required for comparison later.
Thanks for the confirmation. I assumed it was Vateria indica as well, but was confused when I saw that some folks called Ailanthus triphysa and Canarium strictum as dhoop. I think it depends on region to region. Added to it Vateria indica was listed on the IUCN red list as well.
Yes, Canarium strictum, Shorea roxburgii are called as ‘Dhoopa’ tree in Tamil. The similarity being both produce resin and are used in rituals.
Hypericaceae, Clusiaceae and Dipterocarpaceae Fortnight: Dipterocarpaceae ::Vateria indica:: at Karnataka: -PKA-Nov-29:: : 4 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (5)
Seen this Evergreen tree at Anshi WLS, Karnataka.
The pics are really superb.. thanks for showing this new plant to me..
Again a complete set ..thanks …
Again very well done
I really appreciate the full feature story- line type of series
Lovely pictures … One of my favorite rainforest trees. Thank you so much.
Anshi Ghat :: Vateria indica :: DVFEB32/65 : 4 posts by 3 authors. 6 images.
Date: 25 MAY 2013 … Altitude: 340 – 380 m asl
Vateria indica L. … (family: Dipterocarpaceae)
This tree was somewhere along KSH46 near Kumbharwada between Anshi and Joida.
And most likely planted.
Yes it seems to be Vateria indica
Is it the “Dhoopa” tree?
…- by nature, resin from its bark is used as a natural incense, and thus its common names in various regional languages may relate to “dhoopa”. I think Canarium strictum is the dhoop tree.
identification/validation (plant/jun15/8) : 4 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (5)
Request to identify/validate the following photos
Name: Vateria indica
For me the ID is correct.I have seen this tree near Agumbe, Jogfalls, Shimoga area etc. and photographed. Where did you click the photograph?
Thanks for validating. This was captured at/near Jog falls area.
It is indeed Vateria indica.
TSP-MAY2016-02-332:Images of Vateria indica (Dipterocarpaceae) : 4 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (7)
It is my pleasure to share few images of Vateria indica (Dipterocarpaceae)
Habit: A tall tree
Habitat: Wild, semi-evergreen forest
Sighting: Chikmagalur, Karnataka, about 1200 msl
Date: 24-07-2015, 25-03-2016 and 01-05-2016
superb. the white petals captured perfectly
Pl. post a habit image.
This is the habit picture.
I think it is Vateria indica