Vitextrifolia L., Sp. Pl. 638 1753. (Syn: Vitexagnus-castus var. trifolia (L.) Kurz; Vitexindica Mill. [Illegitimate]; Vitexintegerrima Mill. [Illegitimate]; Vitistriphylla Noronha (Unresolved); Vitexagnus-castus var. javanica Kuntze; Vitexagnus-castus var. subtrisecta Kuntze; Vitexbenthamiana Domin; Vitexbicolor Willd.; Vitexiriomotensis Ohwi; Vitexlangundi W.G.Maxwell [Invalid]; Vitexnegundo var. bicolor (Willd.) H.J.Lam; Vitexnegundo var. philippinensis Moldenke; Vitexneocaledonica Gand.; Vitexpaniculata Lam.; Vitexpetiolaris Domin; Vitexrotundifolia f. heterophylla (Makino ex H.Hara) Kitam.; …………; Vitextriphylla Royle; Vitexvariifolia Salisb.);
VY-teks — Latin name for the Grape genus
try-FOH-lee-a — three leaves, or each leaf divided into three parts
commonly known as: Indian privet, Indian wild pepper, simple-leaf chaste tree, three-leaved chaste tree • Gujarati: નગોડ nagod • Hindi: सम्भालू sambhalu • Kannada: ನಿರ್ಗುಣ್ಡಿ nirugundi, ನೀರುಲಕ್ಕಿ nirulakki • Malayalam: കരിനൊച്ചി karinocchi • Manipuri: urikshibi • Marathi: निगूड niguda, निर्गुंडी nirgundi • Oriya: svetasurasa • Punjabi: ਰਿੰਗਾ ringga • Sanskrit: अनन्ता ananta, सिन्दुवार sinduvara • Tamil: கருநொச்சி karu-nocci, நீலி nili, நீர்நொச்சி nir-nocci, நொச்சி nocci • Telugu: నీలవావిలి nilavavili, నీరవావిలి niravavili • Tibetan: si ndu ba ra
In case of Vitex trifolia, the leaflets are sessile. Apart from this, V.trifolia grows naturally along the coast – it is a littoral species.
Lamiaceae & Verbenaceae Week: Lamiaceae, Vitex trifolia from Delhi: Vitex trifolia, photographed from Vikas Puri in Delhi
The trifoliate nature of the plant is clearly visible in the third photographs. The foliage of 1st and 2nd photographs are similar. However, the third photograph looks like the different one for me.
They are from the same bush. I have seen these plants closely for several months. The plants that are heavily trimmed to make low hedges generally have simple leaves, although some trifoliate leaves may be seen in the lower branches. If an occasional bush is untrimmed for a long time most of the leaves would be trifoliate. A totally untrimmed shrub (almost a scrambler) would have have almost all trifoliate leaves.
,,, Sindhudurg district … http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sindhudurg_district
Exact coordinates of the plant in photo can be sought by clicking on photo
and visiting the photopage at my flickr photostream.
This instance at 16.215149 N, 73.443225 E …on wikimapia [
great, that means its southern tip of Maharashtra……
I got to know from … in a personal mail some days back about mix-up of Malayalam names in my notes of Vitex trifolia and V. negundo.
நொச்சி nocchi = Vitex negundo
Vitex trifolia : Devbagh Karwar: Vitex trifolia : Devbagh Karwar
Great, the fruits were convincing, not the leaves, wonder why?
That’s correct observation … I had same thoughts initially. I identified it as Vitex immediately on observing the flowers but was hesitant to see the leaves crowded. On careful checking and close observation I found them trifoliate with short petiole.
Trees of Lalbagh, Bangalore – RA – Vitex trifolia, L. <=> Three Leaved Chaste Tree: Three-Leaved Chaste Tree is a large coastal shrub or small tree, less that 5 m in height with the stems covered by soft hairs (tomentose).
The leaves are oppositely arranged along the stems, simple or trifoliate with 3 linear leaflets which range between 1 -12 cm in length. The upper surface of the leaves are green and the lower surface grayish green.
The flowers are born in panicles or clusters up to 18 cm in length. Individual flowers have purple to violet two-lipped corollas that are approximately 5 mm long. The stamen are in two pairs and the ovary is superior, or develops above the corolla.
The fleshy fruits are about 6 mm in diameter and contain 4 small black seeds.
Vitex for ID : Oman : 190612 : AK-2: Pictures taken on 27/4/12 in Muscat, Oman. A garden bush, cultivated. Small purple flowers and round seeds seen when picture was taken.
Looks like Vitex sp. (Verbenaceae) to me. Pl check for Vitex trifolia.
Here is a link for comparison: http://www.efloras.org/object_page.aspx?object_id=5016&flora_id=2
Yes Vitex trifolia
Shrub for ID (i) : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (2). Bangalore
Plant id : 3 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (4). Seems to be vitex spp
Habitat -private garden
Habit-shrub about 8-10ft
Flowers n fruits present
Leaves are aromatic
Verbenaceae ? any Vitex sp.?
Seems to be a variant form of Vitex trifolia
Vitex trifolia : 3 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (3)
Three-leaved chaste tree
very nice. first time to see this i think
Lamiaceae (incl. Verbenaceae) Fortnight :: Vitex trifolia :: Sindhudurg & Goa :: DVMAY97/97 : 1 post by 1 author. 5 images.
Vitex trifolia L. … also placed in Verbenaceae
at Sindhudurg by coast on July 10, 2011
at Goa by coast on December 31, 2011
1 post by 1 author. Attachments (3)
Vitex trifoliafrom Delhi, usually grown as hedge, and rarely allowed to flower, most leaves are simple, but some are trifoliate compound.
Goa, May 2015 :: Requesting ID of this shrub:: ARKJUN-05/16 : 3 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (9)
Requesting to please ID this Vitex growing on the beach at Varca, Goa in May 2015.
Vitex trifolia. common in littoral habitat
identification (plant/jun15/14) : 5 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (4)
Request for identification of seashore plant with purplish flowers; Lamiaceae?
i wish the leaf outline etc was more clear
Seems to be Vitex trifolia. A common littoral species
Thanks …, In fact I failed to recall the species name.
ID _ DK_4475 : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (2)
Date- 23 Aug,2009
Vitex trifolia I hope, some leaves are unifoliate in this species.
19022012 BS-3 Shrub for id from Khajuraho Temples: (8 images) Shrub for id from Khajuraho Temples
Cultivated in lawns of Khajuraho temples.
Shot on 21-1-12
Flowers about .8-1.2 cm
I think it is Vitex leucoxylon
Agreed Sir thanks a lot for id
A reply from another thread (relevant to this post):
I had gone through Lamiaceae page, the two shrubs posted under Vitex leucoxylon are Vitex trifoliata ; Vitex leucoxylon is a tree, it will not flower in shrub stage; attaching images of Vitex leucoxylon
even the flower did not mach with Vitex leucoxylon, this tree is common in our area, the shrub is Vitex trifolia
SK1710 09 Jan 2019 : 4 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (1)- 5 mb.
Location : Sentosa , Singapore
Date : 18 October 2012
Altitude 131 m.
Habit : Cultivated
Vitex trifolia L.
Attachments(1)- 5 mb.
Kindly identify this shrub a bit taller than 2 metres in height, older leaves pale green, newer leaves darker and glabrous, fruits 2 mm in diameter when crushed smelt like turmeric. I missed taking a proper picture depicting its habit.
Photographed in Sundar Nursery Park, near Humayun’s tomb, New Delhi in December 2020.