Fire Flame Bush, Red Bell Bush • Hindi: Dhawai • Marathi: Dowari • Tamil: Velakkai • Malayalam: Tatiripuspi • Telugu: Jargi seringi, Godari • Kannada: Tamrapuspi • Oriya: Dhobo • Konkani: Dhauri • Urdu: Jetiko • Gujarati: Dhawani • Sanskrit: Parvati, Bahupuspika;
This flowering shrub attracts a number of small birds like Iora, sunbird …;
birds love to eat the red berries of this…;
flowers are used for extracting red coloured dye ! ;
I heard that it’s preparation is used to cure dysentery and diarrhoea.;
in my study area this is used in treatment of gynecological disorders.;
its an important Ayurvedic medicinal plant…;

A few pictures of Woodfordia fruticosa. 
Family: Lythraceae
Pictures taken from near Amola, Uttarakhand during April 2017.
These were some quick snaps from the road side.

Please confirm the id.

Your ID is correct. Also check this link FOI

ID confirmed.


ID request 220815SG : 3 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (4)
Requesting ID of this spreading bush 3-5’ ht, Photo taken on 9 Aug15 at Nashik, Maharashtra.

It’s Woodfordia fruticosa



The Original Sindoor – Oriental White-eye & Woodfordia fruticosa association – indiantreepix | Google Groups : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (2)
Hope this is a relevant post on this group showing the Bird-Plant relationship with Ref. to pollination…..

Common Name : Oriental White-eye  
Scientific name: Zosterops palpebrosus  
Status in the Region: Very Common throughout its range.
Place: Mohan / Kumeria, Near Corbett National Park, Uttaranchal, India.
Date: March 27, 2009
Equipment: Canon 40 D with Canon 100-400 mm IS lens
Caught Red-Headed ….. this Oriental White-eye is amongst the many small nectar feeding birds that are often mistaken for some new plumage variant species by birders who come across such birds with orange / red coloured forehead. Some species of smart flowering plants like this Woodfordia fruticosa (also called Fire-flame Bush) has perfectly mastered the art of bird pollination, by luring birds to feed on nectar in such a way that ensures the dusting of pollens on the forehead. Here is a good example of how it accomplishes this mission. Oriental white-eyes are one amongst the over 70 species of White-eye’s found in the world. They are known to be largely responsible for cross-pollinating a wide variety of flowers due to their short & fine beak. Here is a good article on pollination by this method http://www.backyardnature.net/fl_polln.htm

Great finding …! Should help a lot of bewildered/excited birders the next time they see this beauty!


Woodfordia fructiosa : 3 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (6)

From my records over the last few years, Woodfordia fruiticosa flowers like clockwork [at my farm at Shahapur] only in March every year. This year it flowered in the first week of February and is flowering even today. It is a favourite of many birds. Sending a few photographs [the last three are taken by my friend Jayesh Timbadia].

Nice to have a farm habitat with such flowering plants and trees and successfully be able to attract such lovely and rare birds. The presence of Yellow eyed babbler, oriental white eye makes me visualize your farm to be quite dense, natural rich in flora and fauna.
I will contact you when I have my dream eco-farm adjacent to forest streams covered by well wooded & indigenous trees 🙂


Woodfordia fruticosa: Today at Kanakeshwar,Alibag
Woodfordia fruticosa
Local marathi name:Dhayti 


Sinhaghad #3 | Woodfordia fruticosa:
Woodfordia fruticosaFire Flame Bush

Family Lythraceae
((This flowering shrub attracts a number of  small birds like Iora, sunbird.., Hope the ID is correct..,)
Sinhaghad, Pune
Photodate: 05 Feb 2001

It is a common plant in Western ghats. The colour of the flowers is very attractive and bright. I have seen many birds esp in Sinhgad valley thronging on this bloomed shrub. Recently I observed many shrubs flowering profusely on Vasai fort near Mumbai. 


Help Id this shrub: 090411BM1:
Date/Time- 7/4/11
Location- Place, Altitude, GPS- Ludhiana, punjab
Habitat- Garden/ Urban/ Wild/ Type-Garden
Plant Habit- Tree/ Shrub/ Climber/ Herb-  Shrub
Height/Length- about 8 feet


Flora of Panipat – Woodfordia fruticosa from Lohari Canal bank 17072011-004:
Woodfordia fruticosaa Shrub From canal bank
Pls validate

wonderful flowers… its an important Ayurvedic medicinal plant…
flowers used manily… DHATAKI…is sanskrit name… among others…

Yes it is Woodfordia fruticosa



Wild plant ID request – RK8 – 12-Oct-2012:
This one puzzled me because in the dense thicket I could not determine whether it is a climber or a shrub or a small tree in Karjat region. I plucked one leaf and it had around 18 pairs of leaflets. What struck me is that the bottom-most pair of leaflets was twisted at almost a right angle to the ones above – as seen in the 3rd & 4th photo.

This is Woodfordia fruticosa of Lythraceae. Its a shrub and the leaves are simple (not compound) and opposite.
I appreciate your observations of such subtle features…

Yes, Woodfordia fruticosa, birds love to eat the red berries of this…

Some of my photographs of this are available at these links

Very good observation.
Woodfordia fruticosa


Woodfordia fruticosa:
Photographed on my property at Shahapur yesterday. My previous photographs of this are available at this link

I had never paid this close attention to the bases of the leaves, always get lost in the flowers
thanks for show us the leaf attachments… very important feature…


Woodfordia fruticosa-sharing pic:
Sharing my pic of Fireflame Bush, taken at ambyvalley rd.lonavala/mulshi pune in april12


Flora of Madhya Pradesh: Woodfordia fruticosa from Maiha MP:
Woodfordia fruticosa from Maihar MP
shot from the wall of an ancient Village near Maa Sharda Shrine entry

Yes Sir locally in Kumaon known as Dhaula and flowers are used for extracting red coloured dye !



[EfloraofIndia_160212PD01_Woodfordia fruticosa_Flora of Odisha]:
sharing the images of Woodfordia fruticosa from Ranpur

Name: Woodfordia fruticosa
Family: Lythraceae
Habit: Shrub
Habitat: Wild, dry deciduous forests
Place of collection: Ranpur, Nayagarh, Odisha

Beautiful closeup shots

Nice photographs of Woodfordia fruticosa. I think this plant has got lot of medicinal value. I heard that it’s preparation is used to cure dysentery and diarrhoea.

yes sir this is one such plant whose all parts are used in formulation of traditional medicine. in my study area this is used in treatment of gynecological disorders.


This year the shrubs on my property at Shahapur flowered early in January and they are currently flowering (16.2.13). This is in contrast to the previous years where they flower like clockwork in March.
My previous post of this is available at this link
Sending a few photographs,

The same is happening in Kerala as well. Some of our study species (Syzygium spp.) are flowering much early whereas, in some other species including few orchids I recorded late flowering.
I am not sure why it happens so.

very nice pics.. flowers locally called “dhai phool ” I think… at least that’s how it sounded to me…
a very important herb for making various arishtas of Ayurvedic medicine … the flowers added to the mix, help in spontaneous fermentation process of these arishtas, and hence highly valued … in addition to its own astringent and hepato-protective effects….

Many thanks … for complement. yes you are absolutely right. This is a very important medicinal plant in many traditional drug formulation.


woodfordia fructicosa : 2 images. 4 posts by 3 authors.
woodfordia fructicosa
yesterday (17.3.13) at elephanta caves

yes it is. The dry flower consists of a kind of yeast good for fermenting ayurvedic formulations

Woodfordia fruticosa (L) Kurz (Lythraceae) is a common shrub in mid hills of Uttarakhand.
The flowers produce copious nectar and in childhood we sucked it by delicately plucking flowers in the morning… I still remember the sweetness. In addition, since the stems of the shrub are straight, we used them for making stumps in the cricket.
Thank you for sharing and reminding the days of childhood!


Woodfordia fruiticosa—-for sharing and validation : Attachments (1). 3 posts by 3 authors.
Pic of Dahyti, taken at amby valley rd., lonavala, pune in march 13

Affirmative. This is Woodfordia fruiticosa, though flowering rather late in the year. Please check these links:
Google Groups

This is an important medicinal plant in Ayurveda called “Dhataki“. Flowers in early morning are full of sweet nectar.

Woodfordia fruticosa ABAPR01/20 : 3 posts by 2 authors.
On the same drive there were these bright red bushes leaping like tongues of fire from the slopes. When I checked … blog, I found it was indeed called the Fire Flame Bush. Here it is for your review.
Woodfordia fruticosa (Fire Flame Bush)
Dharamshala, HP
1500m approx.
13 April 2015

Yes, this is rightly analysed…


Tree for ID-PC-11-07.10.2015 : 6 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (2)- 2 MB each.
please identify the tree from Uttarakhand.

Looks like Woodfordia fruticosa to me.

I think Woodfordia fruticosa

Woodfordia fruticosa (L.) Kurz (accepted name) : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (1)
Location: Chhaimale, Nepal
Date : 5 April 2014
Altitude : 5200 ft.
Nepali Name: रस धयेंरो Ras Dhayenro

Location: Pharping, Nepal
Date : 20 March, 2017
Altitude : 4800 ft.
Attachments (6)

Superb images, …

Fwd: Request for identification (mixed thread): Attachments (2)- 1 Mb and 5 Mb.
Arunachal Pradesh
28. 3. 18
1600m amsl

Woodfordia sp. May be fruticosa.

Yes it seems fine with Woodfordia fructicosa.

Woodfordia fruticosa (L.) Kurz : 3 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (6)- around 300 kb each.
Location:  Godawari, Nepal  
Date: 18 April 2018
Altitude: 5000 ft.
Habit: Wild

Nepali Names : धयँरो Dhayanro / अमर फूल Amar Phool / कलिङ्ग Kalingg

Shrub Id from Bangladesh_SM_1405 : 7 posts by 5 authors. Attachments (1)
Habitat: Hill slope
Location: Sangu Matamuri Wildlife Sanctuary, Bandarban 
Flowering: February
Picture taken: February, 2019

To me look close to Woodfordia fruticosa

Yes. It looks like Woodfordia fruticosa.

Woodfordia fruticosa only.

Wild Shrub for ID : Lonavala : 06JUL19 : AK-15 : 5 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (2)
Wild shrub seen at Karla, Lonavala in the third week of June.
No flowers when the pictures were taken.
These shrubs were quite common in the area.

Woodfordia fruticosa

Thanks for the id. I remember to have seen the flowers earlier.

In Kumdi area of Saranda Forest- March’07; at Tiwai Hill , near Chas-kaman- Feb.’09?;  Mulshi Valley, Pune- 21/2/09; Matheran on 14 March,2009; At Kanakeshwar, Alibag- 01 Feb, 2010; at Mahavir Sanctuary, Goa on 30th Jan 2010; sagargad, Alibag: 11 mar,2010   8.00 am;  Feb. 22, 2010- Guntupalli, near Chintalapudi, West Godavari Dt., AP;
a picture for you – indiantreepix | Google Groups Plant 5 – indiantreepix | Google Groups

AR 04, 2010 – efloraofindia | Google Groups
For ID 170309ET78 – indiantreepix | Google Groups


WOODFORDIA FRUTICOSA : 3 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (3)- around 700 kb each.
Attaching images of Woodfordia fruticose


Woodfordia fruticosa: 1 high res. image.
Location: Rajouri j and k
Habit: Shrub

Woodfordia fruticosa (L.) Kurtz

I concur with …

Plant Id from Bangladesh SM 205 : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (1)
Habit: Shrub
Location: Dhaka City

Some Aeschynanthus? Can’t help further.

Woodfordia fruticosa (L.) Kurz


Lythraceae: Woodfordia fruticosa: 2 high res. images.
Woodfordia fruticosa collected from Paderu forest area near Andhra- Odisha border on 25/03/2024



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