Xylia xylocarpa (Roxb.) Taub. (Syn: Acacia xylocarpa (Roxb.) Willd.; Inga xylocarpa (Roxb.) DC.; Mimosa xylocarpa Roxb.; Xylia dolabriformis Benth.);
Africa : Tanzania (I) ; Uganda (I); Asia: Bangladesh (N) ; Cambodia (N); India (N) ; Andhra Pradesh ; Bihar; Goa ; Gujarat; Karnataka ; Kerala ; Madhaya Pradesh; Maharashtra ; Meghalaya ; Orissa ; Tamil Nadu ; West Bengal ; Laos (N) ; Myanmar (N); Philippines (I) ; Singapore (I) ; Thailand (N) ; Vietnam (N) as per ILDIS;
ZY-lee-a — from the Greek xylon, (wood); referring to the genus having very hard wood … Dave’s Botanary
zy-lo-KAR-puh — woody fruit … Dave’s Botanary
commonly known as: Burma ironwood • Assamese: চিম চপা shin shapa • Bengali: লোহা কাঠ loha kat • Hindi: जंबू jambu, जांबु jambu • Kannada: ಬೆಟ್ಟದಾವರಿಕೆ ಮರ bettadavarike mara, ಹೊನ್ನಾವರಿಕೆ honnavarike, ಇರುಳ್ irul, ಜಂಬೆ jambe, ಷಿಲ್ವೆ shilve, ತಿರುವ tiruva • Konkani: जांबा jamba • Malayalam: ഇരുൾ irula, കടമരം katamaram • Marathi: जांभा jambha, सुरिया suriya, येरूळ yerul • Mizo: thinguk • Nepali: जांबु jambu • Odia: କଙ୍ଗଡ଼ା kangara • Sanskrit: कनककुली kanakakuli, शिंशपा shinshapa • Tamil: இருவேல் iruvel • Telugu: బోజ boja, ఎర్ర చెన్నంగి errachennangi, కొండ తంగేడు konda tangedu • Tulu: ಚಿರುವೆ chiruve, ತಿರುವೆ thiruve
Native to: India, Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam
Village children collect the seed after ripe and eat it. Even I had tasted it. It is very tasty like badam. It has a very hard shell, looks like Kodava sword;
Local Marathi names: Jambha,Yerul
Today at Phansad WLS ,Maharashtra
ID11042011PHK1: A shruby tree at Ratnagiri.
– If I had not seen the third and fourth photograph, I would have called it Leucaena leucocephala.
– Its common one in Konkan, Commonly called Jambha or Yerul Xylia xylocarpa (Roxb.) Taib. From Mimosae
– Xylia xylocarpa. In kannada it is known as Arasu Tega; Tamil : Iruvel maram.
ID CONFIRMATION 01062011 PJ3: Id requested for the following attachment.
Date/Time-: 29/04/11 – 15:40
Location- Place, Altitude – Kaiga , Uttar Kannada ,Karnataka, 380 mtrs
Habitat- Garden/ Urban/ Wild/ Type- wild
Plant Habit- Tree/ Shrub/ Climber/ Herb- tree
Height/Length- 10-12 mtr
Id confirmation “xylia xylocarpa,
Village children collect the seed after ripe and eat it. Even I had tasted it. It is very tasty like badam. It has a very hard shell, looks like Kodava sword
Affirmative. This is Xylia xylocarpa locally called Jambha or Yerul.
wood is very good quality
Xylia xylocarpa seedling: Seedling of Xylia xylocarpa (Konda Tangedu in Telugu).
Date/Time- August 2011
Location- Place, Altitude, GPS- Hyderabad
Habitat- Garden/ Urban/ Wild/ Type- Potted seedling
Plant Habit- Tree/ Shrub/ Climber/ Herb- Tree
Height/Length- 7-8 inches
Leaves Type/ Shape/ Size- Leaves tripinnate, leaflets oblong-acuminate
Flora of Kaiga_31082011 P1.:
Date/Time-:4/04/10 – 16:30
Looks like a section of human lungs :))
Fabaceae – Mimosoideae- week Xylia xylocarpa from Coimbatore:
Sharing the flower images of Xylia xylocarpa from NBNP, Coimbatore. (April, 2012).
Fabaceae-Mimosoideae (Mimosaceae) Week :: Xylia xylocarpa at Karnala Bird Sanctuary:
Xylia xylocarpa (Roxb.) Taub.
ZY-lee-a — from the Greek xylon, (wood); referring to the genus having very hard wood
zy-lo-KAR-puh — woody fruit
Mar 28, 2009 … at Karnala Bird Sanctuary, Maharashtra
commonly known as: Burma ironwood, Indian Iron tree • Hindi: जंबू jambu • Kannada: ಅರಸು ತೇಗ arasu tega • Konkani: झांबा jamba • Malayalam: ഇരുള് irul, ഇരുമുള്ള് irunmull, കടമരം katamaram • Marathi: जांब or जांबा jamba, येरुळ yerul • Mizo: thing-uk • Oriya: kangada • Sanskrit कनककुली kanakakuli, शिंशपा shinshapa • Tamil: இருவேல் iruvel • Telugu: ఎర్ర చిన్నంగి erra chinnangi, కొండ తంగేడు konda tangedu
Native to: India, Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam
References: Flowers of India • Forestry Compendium • NPGS / GRIN • ENVIS – FRLHT
more views: Mar 28, 2009 … at Karnala Bird Sanctuary, Maharashtra
Dec 29, 2009 … … at Karnala Bird Sanctuary, Maharashtra
very common in Konkan and in some patches of vidarbha in Maharashtra, fruits always remind me of weapon of Mowgli… of the Jungle book.
Photographed this one in the forest of Handi Bhadang nath in Karnataka.
Have this on my property. This is what the leaves look like.
Very nice. Yet to come across this species.
It is very conspicuous in the flowering season owing to its bright yellow flowers.
Xylia xylocarpa produces good timber. Its wood pulp is used for making wrapping paper. The seeds of this tree are edible. This tree is considered a medicinal plant in India. In Thailand its leaves are used to treat wounds in elephants.
Burma Ironwood is a large deciduous tree to over 18 m high by 60 cm trunk diameter,
native of eastern India, Burma and Thailand.
Leaves are double-compound, carried on stalks 3-6 cm long. Leaflets are 2-4 pairs – lowest leaflets are 3-4 cm long, with a pointed tip. End leaflet is 7-15 cm long.
Stalkless tiny white flowers arise in round heads 2 cm in diameter, carried in slender 7 cm long stalks.
Pod is 10-16 cm long, 6 cm wide, woody, rusty velvety, shaped like a boomerang, splitting into two twisted segments. Flowering: March-April.
Xylia xylocarpa : 26032014 : RV 1: Attachments (3). 2 posts by 2 authors.
Xylia xylocarpa is growing on my terrace in a big pot from the seeds collected & given to me, few years back, by a friend from Anshi forest. Its about 7 ft tall now and have started flowering this month.
The flowers are at my eye level, while taking the close up picture of the flowers I noticed a petal like structure with a stalk, yellow in color, on the anthers.
I was wondering what it is & why it is ?…..Are they anther glands?
Would request help in knowing about this structure on the anthers.
Anthers will contain pollen grains, when anther matures, it will split, pollen grains come out.
ANMAR49/71 Xylia xylocarpa : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (5)
Nepali name(s) of Xylia xylocarpa : 5 posts by 2 authors.
Please help with Nepali name(s) (if any) of Xylia xylocarpa.
It is not listed in Nepal.
OK, thanks …
May be it is found distributed in small scale OR its timber imported for commercial purpose.
I had found this page in Forests and Forestry in Nepal by S. S. Negi, Sharad Singh Negi.
And searching for its synonym – Xylia dolabriformis, I found its entry in Ancient Nepal – Journal of the Department of Archaeology.
I find the popular name jambu given to the plant … found on page 12 (as printed on page) or page 17 of the PDF.
Jambu is found as a name given to this plant in many languages – for, the colour of heartwood is the rose-pink colour of jambu fruit.
The ascent and pronunciation varies regionally.
In the western coast, the local laterite stone also gets the same name jambu, because of the jambu colour.
I think I will go with जांबु … your thoughts, please.
I checked and did not find any mention anywhere.
OK. thanks …
I will use the references that I put in my above message, to list जांबु jaambu as Nepali name …
Listing the references again here:
Forests and Forestry in Nepal by S. S. Negi, Sharad Singh Negi
Ancient Nepal – Journal of the Department of Archaeology
Names of Plants in India :: Xylia xylocarpa (Roxb.) Taub. : 5 posts by 3 authors. 1 image.
very well done. love the picture. but the name Jambu….?/ do various local people often call any fruit Jambu. non-discriminatory indeed.
Thanks … Heartwood of Xylia xylocarpa has colour resembling to that of the rose pink colour of the jambu fruit (rose apple) … thus given the the name.
Jambu, Jamba, Jamb … all these spellings in English may not give hint to how it is pronounced in regional languages of India.
जांबा / जंभा / जांभा / जांब / जांबु / जंबू / जम्बु / जम्बू are various spellings in Devanagari in different languages.
Rose apple (Syzygium spp.) is given the name jambu (जम्बु or जम्बू in Sanskrit) … most of Indian languages have derived the same name for the fruit OR tree – though the accent / pronunciation is different.