Zamia pumila L., Sp. Pl. ed. 2 1659 1763. (Syn: Encephalartos pumilus (L.) Sweet; Palmifolium pumilum (L.) Kuntze; Zamia allison-armourii Millsp.; Zamia concinna Regel [Invalid]; Zamia cylindrica Regel [Invalid]; Zamia debilis L.f. ex Aiton; Zamia dentata Voigt; Zamia humilis Salisb. [Illegitimate]; Zamia laeta Salisb. [Illegitimate]; Zamia latifoliolata Prenleloup; Zamia media var. portoricensis (Urb.) J.Schust.) as per WCSP ;
Zamia pumila, or Coontie, is a small, tough, woody cycad of the West Indies and Cuba. Zamia pumila was the first species described for the genus and hence is the type species for the genus Zamia and the family Zamiaceae.
This cycad contains reddish seed cones with a distinct acuminate tip. The leaves are 60–120 cm (2.0–3.9 ft) long, with 5-30 pairs of leaflets (pinnae). Each leaflet is linear to lanceolate or oblong-obovate, 8–25 cm long and 0.5–2 cm broad, with distinct teeth at the tip. They are often revolute, with prickly petioles. It is similar in many respects to Zamia furfuracea, but with slightly narrower leaflets, and to Zamia integrifolia, which differs in the more commonly entire (untoothed or only slightly so) leaflets.
This is a low-growing plant, with trunk that grows to 3–25 cm high and diameter, but is often subterranean. Over time, it forms a multi-branched cluster, with a large, tuberous root system, which is actually an extension of the above-ground stems.
Like other cycads, Zamia pumila is dioecious, having male or female plants. The male cones are cylindrical, growing to 3–15 cm long; they are often clustered. The female cones are elongate-ovoid and grow to 6–15 cm long and 4–6 cm in diameter. Pollination is by certain insects, namely the belid weevil Rhopalotria slossoni.
(From Wikipedia on 8.12.13)
Historically the range of Z. pumila was Central Cuba, Southern Puerto Rico, and Hispaniola (Hispaniola and Dominican Republic). The species is now limited to Central Cuba and the Dominican Republic and appears to have been eradicated in parts of its range due to intensive land use in Southern Puerto Rico and Haiti.
(From IUCN Red List (NT) )
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3.Image 0259 – Shot at Digboi
Image 0259- Zamia (gymnosperm)
Third is: Zamia pumila L. Sp. Pl., ed. 2. 2: 1659. 1763
Type: Lectotype = “Palma Prunifera humilis non spinosa Insulae Hispaniolae, fructui jujubino similis, ossiculo triangulo” in Commelin, Hort. Med. Amstelod. Pl. Rar., 1: 111, t. 58, 1697