SAK-er-um — referring to sugarDave’s Botanary
off-ik-IN-ar-um or off-ih-SIN-ar-um — used or sold as herbDave’s Botanary

commonly known as: noble cane, sugarcane • Assamese: কুঁহিয়াৰ kuhiar • Bengali: আখ akha • Gujarati: શેરડી sheradi • Hindi: असि asi, गन्ना ganna, इछु ichu, ईख ikh, इक्षु ikshu, ऊख ukh • Kannada: ಌಕ್ಷು ikshu, ಕಬ್ಬು kabbu • Konkani: कोब्बु kobbu • Lushai: fu • Malayalam: കരിമ്പ് karimp, മധുതൃണം madhuthrinam • Manipuri: চূ chu • Marathi: इक्षु ikshu, मधुयष्टि madhuyashti, तांबडा ऊस tambada us, ऊंस OR ऊस us • Mizo: fu • Nepalese: गँड़ासो garaso • Oriya: ଆଖୁ akhu, ଅଙ୍ଗାରିକା angarika, ଇକ୍ଷୁ ikshu • Pali: उच्चु ucchu • Prakrit: गंडओ gandao • Punjabi: ਕੁਮਾਦ kumad, ਕੁਮਾਦੀ kumadi, ਪੋਨਾ pona, ਪੋਡਾ ponda, ਪੋੱਨਾ ponna • Sanskrit: गण्डकः gandakah, इक्षु ikshu, इक्षुण्डम् ikshundam, मधुसः madhusah, मधुयष्टिका madhuyashtika • Tamil: கரும்பு karumpu, பழனவெதிர் palana-vetir, தும்பி tumpi, தும்பு tumpu, உக்கிரகந்தம் ukkira-kantam • Telugu: చెరుకుగడ cheruku gada, ఇక్షువు iksuvu, తియ్యమ్రాను thiyyamranu, తుంట tunta • Tibetan: bu ram sin • Urdu: گنا ganna, اچهہ ichu, ايکهہ ikh, اوکهہ ukh

Distribution: widely cultivated 


Poaceae (formerly and a.k.a. Gramineae) » Saccharum officinarum ... dear friends, please validate this ID.
SAK-er-um -- referring to sugar, off-ik-IN-ar-um or off-ih-SIN-ar-um -- used or sold as herb.
Distribution: widely cultivated ... along Malshej - Junnar road 28 FEB 10.
Would someone let us know if there are more than one species known as sugarcane  ? querying in context of getting to see many varieties of sugarcanes at different vendors ... some are thick and dark coloured, while
some are slim and bright.

I hope this is the only member of Poaceae which doesn't have a hollow inter node rest all members have hollow inter node which a diagnostic character of this family.
There exist several cultivars in sugarcane (all belong to the same species) and are different in colour, size, sweetness etc. CoC 671 is the variety which is widely cultivated in a variety of soil & climatic types, espl in S.India. While providing the highest % of yield, it has several other good qualities too. Co 86032 has higher sugar level. Co 8021 is resistent to 'red rot' disease. Co 88121 is the purple coloured variety.

I had chance to work with Dharani Sugars Pvt.Ltd., one of the largest sugar factories in southern India. And it was a 'sweet' experience!!!

CoC 671 (Co stand for Coimbatore - Sugarcane breeding institute, where the var. developed) is my favourite for some reasons!

http://www.indiaagronet.com/indiaagronet/Crop_Husbandry/contents/impo...
http://sugarcane-breeding.tn.nic.in/varieties.htm 

In Jharkhand what we have the stem in dark brinjal colour, too tall and too hard to bite in comparison to the green ones in Uttarakhand and parts of UP.
Back in Jammu in our sugar cane fields, I have seen two distinct cultivars: taller, thicker canes pale green stems used mainly for eating raw and extracting juice common in Indian markets; and second more tufted, shorter and less thicker canes, mostly reddish in colour, rarely seen in market but processed for the yield of Gur/sakar finally refined into commercial sugar. 

There are 3 species of Saccharum in Maharashtra:
Saccharum officinarum L.

Saccharum ravennae (L.) L.
Saccharum spontaneum L.
The last one is found in the wild, the other two are cultivated.

Hope that answers your query …


Yes …, thank you very very much for this information.

Keen to see Saccharum ravennae. Will try to find out if found in our vicinity.


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grass ID from Hooghly 21/8/12 SK1:  

Attaching images of a tall grass that looked like a big Arundo donax or a maize plant. I thought it might be Phragmites karka (Retz.) Steud., but leaves are wider than those available data in various websites.
Species : UNKNOWN
Habit & Habitat : about 8 feet and more tall; found in an unused private property, meant for constructing house; leaves at base more than 4.5 cm wide; stem diam. (covered with leaf sheath) – 3 cm
Date : 18/8/12, 4.37 P.M.
Place : Barijahati (Hooghly)
I take this opportunity to send a copy to … and seek his permission regarding my future posts too.


Sugar cane ??????


A description of leaf width and culm diameter of Saccharum officinarum (http://www.efloras.org/florataxon.aspx?flora_id=2&taxon_id=200026232) matches with this post.
 
Running after wild grasses, all these days, i have forgotten all commercial Poaceae species! I am ashamed that sugarcane never peeped into my mind even for a fraction of second!


I revisited the site yesterday and the neighbours of the owner confirmed that this is sugarcane.


 

Poaceae
Saccharum officinarum L.  
SAK-er-um — referring to sugarDave’s Botanary
off-ik-IN-ar-um or off-ih-SIN-ar-um — used or sold as herbDave’s Botanary
commonly known as: noble cane, sugarcane • Assamese: কুঁহিয়াৰ kuhiar • Bengali: আখ akha • Gujarati: શેરડી sheradi • Hindi: असि asi, गन्ना ganna, इछु ichu, ईख ikh, इक्षु ikshu, ऊख ukh • Kannada: ಌಕ್ಷು ikshu, ಕಬ್ಬು kabbu • Konkani: कोब्बु kobbu • Lushai: fu • Malayalam: കരിമ്പ് karimp, മധുതൃണം madhuthrinam • Manipuri: চূ chu • Marathi: इक्षु ikshu, मधुयष्टि madhuyashti, तांबडा ऊस tambada us, ऊंस OR ऊस us • Mizo: fu • Nepalese: गँड़ासो garaso • Oriya: ଆଖୁ akhu, ଅଙ୍ଗାରିକା angarika, ଇକ୍ଷୁ ikshu • Pali: उच्चु ucchu • Prakrit: गंडओ gandao • Punjabi: ਕੁਮਾਦ kumad, ਕੁਮਾਦੀ kumadi, ਪੋਨਾ pona, ਪੋਡਾ ponda, ਪੋੱਨਾ ponna • Sanskrit: गण्डकः gandakah, इक्षु ikshu, इक्षुण्डम् ikshundam, मधुसः madhusah, मधुयष्टिका madhuyashtika • Tamil: கரும்பு karumpu, பழனவெதிர் palana-vetir, தும்பி tumpi, தும்பு tumpu, உக்கிரகந்தம் ukkira-kantam • Telugu: చెరుకుగడ cheruku gada, ఇక్షువు iksuvu, తియ్యమ్రాను thiyyamranu, తుంట tunta • Tibetan: bu ram sin • Urdu: گنا ganna, اچهہ ichu, ايکهہ ikh, اوکهہ ukh
Distribution: widely cultivated
References: Flowers of IndiaWikipediaNPGS / GRINENVIS – FRLHTDDSA  
field along Malshej – Junnar Road on 28 FEB 10


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Poaceae, Cyperaceae and Juncaceae Week ::Poaceae » Saccharum officinarum–Sugarcane at Tikonawadi :: PKA5::: : Attachments (1). 2 posts by 2 authors.    

Saccharum officinarum (Common name: Sugarcane) photographed at Tikonawadi (Lonavala region).
Family: Poaceae
 


This is again a very significant grass, relished for its sugar filled stem. Though unusual in our area, I could find this in flowering near my native place in Kaithal-Haryana, sharing few pics of the same.. Saccharum officinarum L.


 
 
References:

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