Citrus reticulata Blanco, Fl. Filip. 610 1837. (Syn: Citrus × aurantium f. deliciosa (Ten.) M.Hiroe …;  Citrus chrysocarpa Lush.; Citrus daoxianensis S.W.He & G.F.Liu; Citrus deliciosa Ten.; Citrus depressa Hayata; Citrus erythrosa Yu.Tanaka; Citrus himekitsu Yu.Tanaka; Citrus madurensis var. deliciosa (Ten.) Sagot; Citrus mangshanensis S.W.He & G.F.Liu; Citrus nippokoreana Yu.Tanaka; trus × nobilis var. deliciosa (Ten.) Swingle …………; Citrus otachihana Yu.Tanaka; Citrus ponki Yu.TanakaCitrus poonensis Yu.Tanaka; Citrus reticulata var. austera Swingle ……..; Citrus succosa Yu.Tanaka; Citrus suhuiensis Hayata; Citrus sunki Yu.Tanaka; Citrus tachibana (Makino) Yu.Tanaka; Citrus tangerina Yu.Tanaka; Citrus tankan Hayata; Citrus unshiu Marcow.; Citrus vangasay Bojer; Citrus vangasy Bojer);
 
Orange, Santra; 

 

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Fruits & Vegetables Week: RVS-4: Kamala orange (Tamil), from Sirumalai hills, Tamil Nadu. 


– Name Citrus reticulata is indicated with photographs. Unfortunately the name orange is differently applied. We call orange in India to C. reticulata, people here in USA call it as Mandarin and apply the name orange to. C. sinensis (our Malta, Mausami, etc). I will upload my photographs of Citrus once I reach India on 7th Jan.


 

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Fruits & Vegetables Week: Citrus reticulata, the Mandarine orange: Citrus reticulata, the Mandarine orange, commonly known as orange or Santara In India, loose skinned orange commonly used as table fruit and as
source of orange juice. 

 

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Fruits & Vegetables Week: Citrus reticulata, the Kinnow:  Citrus reticulata, the Kinnow, a fruit mainly from India and Pakistan.  It is a hybrid of two citrus cultivars — “King” (Citrus nobilis) x “Willow Leaf” (Citrus deliciosa) — first developed by H. B. Frost at the Citrus Research Centre of the University of California. Punjab Agriculture College and Research Institute, Lyallpur, introduced the kinnow. In India this variety was introduced by J. C. Bakhshi in 1954 at the Punjab Agricultural University, Regional Fruit Research Station, Abohar. It has become an important variety in the Punjab provinces of both India and Pakistan, occupying a major part of the area under cultivation for fruit crops.


-Since I knew, I always thought both Narangi and Kinnow as the same thing, untill my brother-in-law who happens to be an software engineer, told me that sometimes in 2009 that they are different, though he didnt have any explanations to support. Since then I wanted to know what exactly this is…..now is know!!!


 

 

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Fruit and Vegetable Week: Klementinen: a variety of mandarin (Citrus reticulata), named in 1902
Very popular, available only in winter. The smell is typical X’mas smell.


 
Indian names of an orange: Could you please supply me with various Indian names, preferably in original scripts, for this orange / mandarin.
Citrus poonensis hort. ex Tanaka 
SYNONYM(S): Citrus poonensis Osbeck ?, Citrus reticulata Blanco ‘Oneco‘ ? Citrus reticulata Blanco ‘Poongan‘ , Citrus reticulata Blanco ‘Ponkan, Citrus reticulata Blanco ‘Suntara , Citrus reticulata Blanco var. poonensis (Hayata) H. H. Hu

CHINESE :
Mi gan (Zhangzhou), 椪柑 Peng gan, Pon (Guangdong), Peng gan (Taiwan), Lu gan (Zhangzhou, Fujian) , Lu gan (Taiwan), Lu (Hong Kong, Taiwan), Mei gan (Hunan province), Bai ju (Yunnan, Jianshui of Rennan province), Meng ban ju (Xisongbanna of Rennan province) , Mi tong gan, 有柑 You ga (Taiwan).
ENGLISH : Batangas mandarin, Chinese honey orange, Ponkan mandarin, Poona orange, Suntara mandarin,Suntara orange, Lu tangerine.

FRENCH : Mandarine Ponkan, Mandarine Ponkan de Formose, Mandarine Suntara, Mandarine Suntara de l’Inde.

HINDI : Nagpur suntara, Nangpur suntara.

JAPANESE : ポンカン Ponkan, 椪柑 Ponkan.

TAGALOG : Batangas.
VIETNAMESE : Cam ngọt Trung Quốc.

Bolded names are the preferred names. See our note on Jiao & Lu mandarins.

Strangely, given that this is a well known Chinese cultivar, the latest taxonomy appears to favour the botanical Citrus reticulata Blanco ‘Ponkan‘ which is base on the romanised Japanese name. It does however, by association, link it to the Hindi name “Suntara”. We still have to determine if “Suntara” = “Nagpur suntara”. After the Chinese brainstorm we have an Indian brainstorm to initiate. That should give us a number of Indian names.

Photo
close-ups of fruit, inside and outside views.


It is known as Santara and another name Kamala


Yes these names are applied to Citrus reticulata Blanco and sometimes (wrongly?) to other species but we are trying to identify a cultivar of Citrus reticulata Blanco (or a different related species Citrus poonensis) so we need a longer or different name, perhaps “Nangpur santara” ? I often see the names কমলা Kamalā, कमला Kamalā, கமலா Kamalā, కమలా Kamalā, সান্তারা Sāntārā, संतरा Santarā, सुन्तला Suntalā, સંતરાSantarā, but I don’t know how to write Nagpur, Nangpur, Nangpoor in any script given that none of those 3 transcriptions is enough to transliterate. Is “suntara” = “santara” it could be that “suntara” refers to some other fruit or that it is simply a bad transcription (Suntalā is Nepali).
I get the feeling that Santara and Kamala are generic names, although there is a cultivar called “Kamala” (Citrus reticulata Blanco ‘Kamala‘) in India. As you see my confusion is growing.
Please confirm that there is a
“Nangpur santara” or something sounding like this. If so what does it apply to?


Not sure whether the following pertains to Citrus poonensis hort. ex Tanaka OR Citrus reticulata Blanco ‘Ponkan’
But validating the spellings and providing them in native scripts.
HINDI …………………………………………………………………………………………….
नागपुर संतरा Nagpur santara
नागपुर Nagpur

It s name of a city in central India well known for cultivation of oranges in a very large scale संतरा santaraWikipedia
 
संतरा santara is generic name for the orange derived from: URDU سنگترا sangtaraPERSIAN سنگتره sangtara … supposed to be a correlation of PORTUGUESE cintra

Nangpur

Nangpur in this context is ruled out. Nagpur has no such popular variance in name, unless validated otherwise.
नांगपुर Nangpur is also a name of place … a small village in Faridabad, though in no way popular for oranges.

………………………………………………………………………………………………………
Same name in:

MARATHI … नागपुर संत्र Nagpur santra


Have not heard of Nangpur santara … please let validating comment(s) come by.
Nagpur is a well known city — but Nangpur is a small village, not associated to oranges … friends to validate.
Whether Nagpur is called as Nangpur by certain set of population (rare possibility) … friends to validate.

GUJARATI નાગપુર સંતરા Nagpur santara … equivalent of … HINDI नागपुर संतरा Nagpur santara

HINDI …………………………………………………………………………………………….
कमला kamala (vulg. kamla, variances: kaula or kaunla)
may not be as generic as संतरा santara … कमला kamala could be more probably specific
कौंला kaunla
a variance of कमला kamala

…………………………………………………………………………………………….………..
संतरा santara is generic name for orange
नागपुर संत्र Nagpur santra is name given to all oranges supplied from Nagpur
Thus they cannot be equated …


As I said in earlier post I am no expert but in Gujarati

નાગપુરી સંતરા Nagpuri santara sounds correct and better instead: નાગપુર સંતરા Nagpur santara.

Would definitely like experts to comment.


 
 

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Rutaceae Week: Citrus reticulata “Kinnow” from Delhi: Citrus reticulata cv. Kinnow

This cultivar common in India and Pakistan according to Wikipedia is a hybrid of two citrus cultivars — “King” (Citrus nobilis) x “Willow Leaf” (Citrus deliciosa) — first developed by H. B. Frost at the Citrus Research Centre of the University of California, Riverside, USA.
The fruit is golden orange, slightly depressed, and easily peeled off, contains lots of juice and excellent flavour.



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Kausani:  Citrus reticulata Blanco, Fl. Filip. 610. 1837
syn: Citrus chrysocarpa Lush.; Citrus deliciosa Ten.
Common names: Mandarin orange, Loose-skinned orange, Mandarine, Tangerine, Orange (in India)
Hindi: Santara
Beng: Kamala
The commonly sold as orange or santra in India, differentiated by its loose skin which easily peels off and segments easily separated by hand.
Photographed from Delhi and Kausani


Rutaceae Week: Citrus reticulata “Satsuma” from California: Citrus reticulata “Satsuma”

Common name: Satsuma orange
A seedless variety popular in USA. Photographed from Store in California.
 


 

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Rutaceae Week_RVS5_Citrus reticulata?: Is this Citrus reticulata?
Captured at an orchard in Sirumalai hills, TN.
This had loose jacket and sweet pulp!
Tamil name (I think): ‘Kamala orange’ கமலா ஆரஞ்சு


Yes …,
From your description and the name it is likely to be Citrus reticulata Blanco ‘Kamala
The name கமலாப்பழம் is often found but only applied to the species Citrus reticulata Blanco. That’s fair, however “Kamala” is a cultivar. One can see a parallel with the Mosambi story.
A cultivar name is transferred to the species, and then other species for all sorts of twisted reasons.
Here is what I have compiled. I leave it up to the experts in the group to cross out the wrong names and / or correct the spelling mistakes.
Citrus reticulata Blanco ‘Kamala

ASSAMESE : Sumothira.

BENGALI : কমলা Komala (Kamalā), কমলা গাছ Kamalā gācha, কমলালেবু Komalalebu (Kamala leboo, Kamalālēbu), কমলালেবু গাছ Kamalālēbu gācha (tree), কমলালেবুর গাছ Kamalālēbura gācha (tree), নাগরঙ্গ Nāgaraṅga নারঙ্গ Nāraṅga নারাঙ্গা Nārāṅgāনারাঙ্গি Nārāṅgiসান্তারা Sāntārā সান্তোলা Sāntōlā.

ENGLISH : Kamala orange, Orange.
GUJARATI : નારંગી Naarangii (naarNgii), સંતરા Santaraa, Santra.
HINDI : कमला Kamalā, Kamla, Kaula, कौंला Kaunla, संतरा Santara, Santra.
KANNADA : Kittale.
NEPALESE : कमला Kamalaa, सुन्तला Suntalā.
ORIYA : Kamala.
MARATHI : Santre.
SANSKRIT : कमला Kamalaa (Kamlaa), Kamalaa niibuu.
TAMIL : கமலா Kamalā, கமலாப்பழம் Kamalāppaḻam .
TELUGU : కమలా పండు Kamala pandu (Kamalā paṇḍu).
Please let us know also if any of those names are applied to other species or cultivars.


Some of the petiole here in the picture are winged while yours pulvinus petiole?


Planting lemon with oranges:

I am planting about 100 orange plant on my field. Is it advisable to plant some lemon trees in the same field??
Will they affect orange crop through cross pollination?? 

Advise on this will be very helpfull.


 

 

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Fruits & Vegetables Week: Citrus sinensis, The Narangi fruit: Citrus sinensis, small fruited Narangi grown primarily as bonsai but fruits often consumed raw, or for extracting juice. 


After seeing ripe fruit and leaves I am now sure that this is C. reticulata and not C. sinensis.

 

 

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Rutaceae Week: Citrus sinensis “Narangi” or x Citrofortunella microcarpa please help in sorting:  This small fruited orange in our College Botanical Garden with fruit mostly less than 5 cm in diameter maturing orange yellow we have been calling as Narangi. After … today morning having similar plant by … from Delhi as x Citrofortunella microcarpa, has put me in doubt. The fruits look similar, but reddish tinge on flower buds is missing in our plant. I also don’t see the winged petiole in both my and … plants.


A little photographic trick is to include in a corner of the photo an object as a visual indication the size of the fruit / leaves. A ruler, a matchbox or anything that one would recognize. Hands and fingers do not work because they vary too much in size and can deceive more than they help.
You all impressed me when you identify plants from photos.


After seeing the ripe fruits,and leaves I am sure that this plant is Citrus reticulata and not C. sinensis. Narangi is perfect Hindi name for C. reticulata.


Thanks, …, In view of your reply, does any other thread needs to move from Citrus sinensis to Citrus reticulata ?


No …, rest are fine


Species Citrus reticulata often includes both Manderin  (C. reticulata) as well as Tangerine (C. tangerina). which also includes C. x deliciosa according to most databases including TPL.
     For quite some time I have been facing and pointing out contradiction/corrections in TPL and looking for alternative reliable database, which could give same confidence as Index Kewensis. GRIN does not have contradictions, but not all world names are included. It was as such a great relief to know about “Plants of the World’ from Dr. Anzar a Kew Initiative launched in 2017. 
     The more I go through this database http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/ the more confidence I develop for this database.
The database treats Manderin (Citrus reticulalata) and Tangerine (Citrus deliciosa (syn: C. tangerina)) as two distinct species
Manderin fruits, Citrus reticulata, (our santra) is larger in size, oblate in shape, rind somewhat wrinkled, orange yellow in colour, larger segments
Tangerine, Citrus deliciosa (syn. C. tangetina) is smaller size, mostly less than 8 cm, rounded in shape, orange red in shape especially when ripe, rind smooth, thinner, easier to peel with smaller segments.
I am uploading both fruits for comparison


Thanks, …, Does that mean the original post here by you, is of Citrus deliciosa (syn. C. tangetina) ?


 

 

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Binsar, UK :: Citrus tree for ID :: ARK2020-032 : 7 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (2)

This tree was found near Binsar, Uttarakhand in November 2012.
Is this the normal orange (Citrus reticulata)?
Requested to please ID.


Hope it was seen as cultivated ? Pl. confirm.


Yes … This was seen in a cultivated orchard.


Original images may give better idea of the texture of the fruits.
Pl. post.


Attached are the cropped pics of the fruits, hoping they will aid in ID.

Attachments (2)

I also think, it may be Citrus reticulata


  

 
References:

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