Beta vulgaris L. subsp. maritima (L.) Arcang., Comp. fl. ital. 593. 1882 (Syn: (=) Beta atriplicifolia Rouy; (=) Beta bengalensis Roxb.; (≡) Beta maritima L. (basionym);  (=) Beta maritima var. atriplicifolia (Rouy) Krassochkin; (=) Beta maritima subsp. danica Krassochkin; (=) Beta maritima var. erecta Krassochkin; (=) Beta maritima var. prostrata Krassochkin; (=) Beta orientalis Roth; (=) Beta palonga R. K. Basu & K. K. Mukh.; (=) Beta perennis (L.) Freyn; (=) Beta trojana Pamukç. ex Aellen; (=) Beta vulgaris var. atriplicifolia (Rouy) Krassochkin; (=) Beta vulgaris var. erecta (Krassochkin) Krassochkin; (=) Beta vulgaris var. foliosa Aellen; (=) Beta vulgaris var. glabra (Delile) Aellen; (=) Beta vulgaris var. grisea Aellen; (=) Beta vulgaris subsp. lomatogonoides Aellen; (≡) Beta vulgaris var. maritima (L.) Moq.; (=) Beta vulgaris subsp. orientalis (Roth) Aellen; (=) Beta vulgaris var. orientalis (Roth) Moq.; (=) Beta vulgaris var. perennis L.;  (=) Beta vulgaris var. pilosa (Delile) Aellen; (=) Beta vulgaris var. prostrata (Krassochkin) Krassochkin; (=) Beta vulgaris subsp. provulgaris Ford-Lloyd & J. T. Williams; (=) Beta vulgaris var. trojana (Pamukç.) Ford-Lloyd & J. T. Williams);
 

Images
by Mani & Gurcharan Singh (Inserted by J.M.Garg)

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Sea Beet, Beetroot, Sugarbeet • Assamese: Paleng sak • Hindi: Palak • Sanskrit: Palanki;
 
Annual herb without swollen root; basal leaves few not forming a dense rosette, with long strong petiole, ovate to oblong-ovate, up to 20 cm long, apex obtuse, passing above into smaller narrower leaves; flowers bisexual, two or three in a cluster, on simple or branched terminal spike; perianth segments 5, united at base, narrowly oblong, incurved in fruit; stamens 5, filaments united at base; stigmas 2 or 3; utricle adnate to perianth at base.
 
Keys: 
Leaves are hastate, flowers unisexual, fruiting perianth enlarging, becoming hardened and often spiny in Spinacia oleracea. In Beta vulgraris, leaves are narrowed at base, flowers bisexual, perianth not hardened in fruit.     
 
 

Uploading photographs of Beta vulgaris L. subsp. maritima (L.) Arcang. (Syn: Beta bengalensis Roxb.; Beta vulgaris L. var. bengalensis Roxb. ; Beta vulgaris L. var. orientalis (Roxb.) Moq.).
Common English names: Indian spinach, Savoy beet,Spinach beet, Beet leaf. Hindi: Palak, Palangsag, Palanki.
Some times confused with but quite distinct from Spinach in temperate parts including Kashmir valley which is Spinacea oleracea, with much soft, nearly hastate leaves and unisexual flowers.


 
Fruits & Vegetables: Beta vulgaris subsp. maritima the beet leaf (so called spinach): Beta vulgaris subsp. maritima (syn: Beta bengalensis), the beet leaf often sold and consumed as spinach in tropics, and less commonly in cold climates. Real Spinach Spinacea oleracea is a much different plant with distinctly hastate leaves.

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Fruit & Vegetable Week- Spinach: Sending photos of Spinach growing in a farm near our house.
Place : Dombivli
Date : December 2010


– This I suppose is our so called spinach of warm climates, actually beet leaf, Beta vulgaris var. bengalensis, now correctly known as Beta vulagaris var. maritima. This is the Palak grown and sold in Delhi, Punjab, Haryana etc.
Spinacea oleracea, the real spinach (palak) of colder climates is a much different plant, much shorter, with hastate leaves and unisexual flowers.

http://www.lookfordiagnosis.com/images.php?term=Spinacia%20Oleracea&p… 
No wonder you will find numerous photographs of Beta vulgaris var. maritima labelled as Spinacea oleracea. Before I came to Delhi, many students were being given specimens of Beta vulgaris as Spinacea oleracea
for taxonomy and physiology experiments.


 

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This is Spinach Spinacia oleracea, we all eat it
And love and hate to some extent
Astringent taste leaves moth dry
Hence the Italian took to adding creamy sauces to spinach I think…  there is no hard evidence for and against it… its just my fancy… I love to think that that’s why most spinach I ate in Italy or Greece was almost 70percent of the time smothered in creamy white sauces… and if not in sauces , in garlic…
Its leaves are rich in micro-nutrients such as those that are synthesized by the leaves… Vit K, B6, B2, Vit A and to some extent C… and can be a rich source of Magnesium, Selenium, manganese if the soil its being grown in is not overused and undernourished ; and Iron, since most soil is usually not too deficient in Iron in the gangetic plains I am told…
This example I am showing is Bolting, ie flowering, not considered edible by this time, ie past its most desirable stage. It tastes bitter, I can vouch for it and quite fibrous. I like the small greenish white flowers though.

I fear this may not be Spinacia oleracea. The spinach sold in warmer parts of India is actually bet leaf Beta vulgaris var. bengalensis Roxb. now correctly known as B. vulgaris subsp. maritima (L.) Arch.
Being very familiar with spinach in Kashmir (Palak), we used to call leafy Beta vulgaris var. maritima as Punjabi Palak in Kashmir. I was surprised, therefore, when this Punjabi Palak (word Hindustani or Punjabi is commonly used in Kashmir for any thing belonging to outside Kashmir) was called here in Delhi as Spinach and taught in practical classes (both Physiology and Taxonomy practical) as Spinacia oleracea. It took me some time to convince the teachers here. In fact in one College I went as external examiner, this plant was given to students. I tried to convince teachers, and finding that some senior teachers won’t agree, I finally told them: Ok if you think this is Spinacia oleracea, students should show me the characters of this. Luckily no one disagreed with me there after. 
By the way two are very different: leaves are hastate, flowers unisexual, fruiting perianth enlarging, becoming hardened and often spiny in Spinacia oleracea.

In Beta vulgraris, leaves are narrowed at base, flowers bisexual, perianth not hardened in fruit.    


Thank you … but do you mean all the spinach I have been eating for the last few decades in various continents is a variety of Beet greens? they (spinach I eat) look and feel and taste different from beet greens. I dont have pictures of beet greens nor of their flowers so cant argue this point. I ‘ll have to keep an open mind. but in our junior botany id classes way back when this was indeed Palang shaak… the leaf shape as seen in fig 1 (4159) seems to be of palang shaak…
well … learning all the time…


Yes … It tastes different, slightly tangy and much softer.

Here are some shots

http://www.mdidea.com/products/proper/proper03106.html


thanks, …,  I’ll go to market now and see if I can bring back the socalled pallang now… take pictures of Palak or Palang saag we eat … in Bengal and we will take it from there…
your link two has the krinkly knobby wrinkled leaves the I remember eating in green salads in the 70 and 80s but have been eating the flattish leaves ever since…


 

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AMARANTHACEAE-CHENOPODIACEAE week DSR..010: Spinacia oleracea: Spinacia oleracea (Chenopodiaceae) is a common garden vegetable in winters. Most of its varieties bolt in springs or early summers.

Two types of varieties exist in this species; smooth seeded summer spinach extensively cultivated in winters in Northern India, and prickly seeded winter spinach (Pahari Palak) which are cultivated in winters in mid Himalayan hills of Uttarakhand.


Beta vulgaris var. maritima 


 

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Chenopodiaceae and Amaranthaceae Week: Beta vulgaris subsp. maritima (L.) Arcang. from Delhi and Kashmir: Beta vulgaris subsp. maritima (L.) Archang., Comp. fl. ital. 593. 1882

Syn: Beta bengalensis Roxb.; Beta maritima L.; Beta vulgaris var. bengalensis Roxb.
Common names: Spinach beet, Indian Spinach, Savoy beet, Sea beet
Hindi: Palak
Kashmir: Punjabi palak
Annual herb without swollen root; basal leaves few not forming a dense rosette, with long strong petiole, ovate to oblong-ovate, up to 20 cm long, apex obtuse, passing above into smaller narrower leaves; flowers bisexual, two or three in a cluster, on simple or branched terminal spike; perianth segments 5, united at base, narrowly oblong, incurved in fruit; stamens 5, filaments united at base; stigmas 2 or 3; utricle adnate to perianth at base.
Photographed from Kashmir and Delhi 
Often confused with Spinacia oleracea because both have the name spinach, latter mostly grown in temperate climates is very distinct by smaller habit, basal leaves in dense cluster, leaves with basal lobes, more greener and flesh, flowers clearly unisexual, perianth commonly 4, and bracts surrounding the flower becoming enlarged in female flower and commonly having spiny appendages. 


More photographs from Delhi and Kashmir.


 

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Chenopodiaceae and Amaranthaceae Week: NS 021: Beta vulgaris ssp. marina:  This one is a cultivated species consumed as a leafy vegetable in various forms… only recently got proper identification.. thanks … Beta vulgaris ssp. maritima


Oh you captured the fine tiny flowers. Great!


 

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Chenopodiaceae and Amaranthaceae Week : sk-16 : spinach NOT !!!: I thought what we eat as PALANG is Spinacia oleracea L., but the thread informs that it is Beta vulgaris subsp. maritima.


yes and this week Gurcharanji explained it in a newer thread


Perhaps you are referring to this thread. I missed it earlier since my subscription is “combined updates” only.


The efI search-page at efi page saved me!


Spinach it is …, but with prefix Indian

Indian Spinach, Bangaalii paaluugo


Yes, Sir, it is Indian spinach, PALONG or PALAK.


 

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Chenopodiaceae and Amaranthaceae Week :: Spinacia oleracea : Spinach : Muscat : 100213 : AK-22: Spinach seen in a private farm a week ago.


I think it is Beta vulgaris subsp. maritima as told by …


Thanks … Will wait for … to validate.


 

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Memari-skDec12 – Beta bengalensis Roxb. : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (5)


 
 
 
 
 

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