Piper umbellatum L., Sp. Pl. 30 1753 (Syn: Heckeria sidifolia (Link & Otto) Kunth; Heckeria subpeltata (Willd.) Kunth; Heckeria umbellata (L.) Kunth; Lepianthes umbellata (L.) Raf. ex Ramamoorthy; Lepianthes umbellatum (L.) Rafin.; Peperidia afzeliana (Roem. & Schult.) Kostel.; Peperidia sidifolia (Link & Otto) Kostel.; Peperidia subpeltata (Willd.) Kostel.; Peperidia umbellata (L.) Kostel.; Peperomia grandifolia A.Dietr.; Peperomia sidifolia (Link & Otto) A.Dietr.; Peperomia subpeltata (Willd.) A.Dietr.; Peperomia umbellata (L.) Kunth; Piper afzelianum Roem. & Schult.; Piper cuernavacanum C.DC.; Piper dombeyanum (Miq.) C.DC.; Piper grandifolium Afzel.; Piper postelsianum Maxim.; Piper sidifolium Link & Otto; Piper subpeltatum Willd.; Piper umbellatum var. majus C.DC.; Piper umbellatum var. subpeltatum (Willd.) C.DC.; Pothomorphe alleni Trel.; Pothomorphe dombeyana Miq.; Pothomorphe sidifolia (Link & Otto) Miq.; Pothomorphe subpeltata (Willd.) Miq.; Pothomorphe umbellata (L.) Miq.);
Native: Belize, Bolivia, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Guatemala, Haiti, Honduras, Jamaica, Leeward Is., Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Nicaragua, Panamá, Peru, Puerto Rico, Queensland, Trinidad-Tobago, Venezuela, Windward Is.; Introduced: Angola, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Congo, Ethiopia, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Gulf of Guinea Is., India, Ivory Coast, Kenya, Lesser Sunda Is., Liberia, Malawi, Malaya, Mauritius, Mozambique, Myanmar, Nigeria, Philippines, Rwanda, Réunion, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Solomon Is., Sri Lanka, Sudan, Taiwan, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Uganda, Vietnam, Zaïre, Zimbabwe as per POWO;
PIP-er or PYE-per — an old name for pepper … Dave’s Botanary
um-bell-AY-tum — in umbels … Dave’s Botanary
commonly known as
: cow-foot leaf • Kannada: ಭಾರಿಪತ್ರ ಮೆಣಸು bhaaripatra menasu • Malayalam: അട്ടനാറി attanaari, പന്നിപെരുവലം panniperuvalm, പീച്ചമ്പാൻ peechampan • Marathi: घोसपिंपळी ghosapimpali • Tamil: பெரிய இலை மிளகு periya ilai milaku

ANMAR42/64 Please identify this plant : 6 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (7)

Date: 21st March 2015
Place: Aralam WLS, Kerala
Habit: Herb
Habitat: Riparian

I think Piper umbellatum..

Yes, it is Piper umbellatum (Tax. no. 18322, of ITIS), Formerly known by the name Pothomorphe sybpeltata, and by many other synonyms.
It is widely available as an undershrub in the evergreen rainforests of Western ghats too


Piper umbellatum :: Bisle Ghat :: 15 NOV 2016 :: DVDEC83 : 2 posts by 2 authors. 2 images.

Bisle Ghat Karnataka
Date: 15 NOV 2016 … Altitude range: ~ 956 – 139 m (3136 – 456 ft) asl
Piper umbellatum L. … (family: Piperaceae) 

Seen this plant hanging down from a big tree. Could be some Parasitic plant?? Date/Time: 19-01-2010 / 04:00PM
Location: Mabhige, North Karnataka
Habitat: Wild.

Lepisanthes umbellata, a climbing shrub of Papaveraceae.

A new plant for me I had no ideae papaveraceae had climbers

I see some confusion somewhere. Lepisanthes is a genus of Family Sapindaceae, trees and shrubs.
I see no match for Lepisanthes umbellata in IPNI, GRIN or even Kew Plant list
The only reference I found in the link indicated below, a member of Piperaceae, I think again in error

Extremely sorry for the error. Pls read as Lepianthes umbellata (L.)

A mix up in excitiment. Lepianthes umbellata (L.) Raf. is now Pothomorphe umbellata (L.) Miq. and it is Piperaceae and not Papaveraceae. Hope now this is on dot.

Yes … Now I know where the error lies in the link I had forwarded.

Just a small doubt, “What we see in the photographs i posted  are fruits, leaves or something else?”

– They are flowers, or rather inflorescences similar to Pepper.

– I think we can see a few leaves in the last photograph. They should look like these:

Thanks … I don’t think i would have ever come closer to this ID myself. I was initially thinking it to be some parasitic climber.
Thanks … for sorting out this mystery.


490 ID wild plant: 16 high res. images.
Please ID wild plant,
Location: bloomed near Vannappuram Thodupuzha Idukki Kerala INDIA
Altitude: 1500fsl
Flower date: 24SEP2023, 12.15pm
Habitat: wild moisture evergreen misty sloppy canopied alpine
Plant habit: shrub, erect, weak cylindrical semi fleshy green stem 12mm base circumference, basal roots, annual
Height: 02 feet
Leaves: alternate heart shaped acute leathery wavy fleshy, lite aromatic smell and taste, size upto: 35×25cm
Flower: axillary spike inflorescence size:07x5mm, greenish white, non fragrant
Camera: CANON EOS1500D +FL10x

Piper umbellatum L. !

Yes, it is Piper umbellatum, dear …, thank you very much for ID my plant


Names of Plants in India :: Piper umbellatum L.:

PIP-er or PYE-per — an old name for pepper … Dave’s Botanary
um-bell-AY-tum — in umbels … Dave’s Botanarycommonly known as: cow-foot leaf • Kannada: ಭಾರಿಪತ್ರ ಮೆಣಸು bhaaripatra menasu • Malayalam: അട്ടനാറി attanaari • Marathi: घोसपिंपळी ghosapimpali • Tamil: பெரிய இலை மிளகு periya ilai milaku

botanical namesPiper umbellatum L. … homotypic synonymsHeckeria umbellata (L.) Kunth • Lepianthes umbellata (L.) Raf. ex Ramamoorthy • Peperidia umbellata (L.) Kostel. • Peperomia umbellata (L.) Kunth • Pothomorphe umbellata (L.) Miq. … heterotypic synonymsPiper subpeltatum Willd. • Pothomorphe subpeltata (Willd.) Miq. … and more listed at POWO, retrieved 03 April 2024

Bibliography / etymology

Links listed as references in the notes below, may not remain valid permanently. Portals / websites have a tendency to re-organize / revise their content, leading to change in URLs of pages in their site. Some sites may even close down at their own will.

~~~~~ ENGLISH ~~~~~
written and spoken widely, in most parts of India
cow-foot leaf
~~~~~ KANNADA ~~~~~
written in: Kannada (ಕನ್ನಡ) … spoken in: Karnataka
ಭಾರಿಪತ್ರ ಮೆಣಸು bhaaripatra menasu
  • name coined, for want of name; ಭಾರಿ bhaari = large, huge; ಪತ್ರ patra = leaf; ಮೆಣಸು menasu = pepper … this pepper plant bears conspicuously large heart-shaped leaves
~~~~~ MALAYALAM ~~~~~
written in: Malayalam (മലയാളം) … spoken in: Kerala
അട്ടനാറി attanaari
~~~~~ MARATHI ~~~~~
written in: Devanagari (मराठी) … spoken in: Maharashtra, Karnataka
घोसपिंपळी ghosapimpali
  • name coined, for want of name; घोस ghosa = cluster, bunch; पिंपळी pimpali = pepper … the cluster of pepper spikes are borne in leaf axils
~~~~~ TAMIL ~~~~~
written in: Tamil (தமிழ்) … spoken in: Tamil Nadu, Andaman & Nicobar Islands
பெரிய இலை மிளகு periya ilai milaku
  • name coined, for want of name; பெரிய periya = large; இலை ilai = leaf; மிளகு milaku = pepper … large-leaved pepper
Introduced in India; naturalized in Karnataka, Kerala, Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu
~~~~~ Last updated: 03-04-2024 ~~~~~
The Malayalam and English name are correct, but some more names to be added.  They are പന്നിപെരുവലം panniperuvalm and പീച്ചമ്പാൻ peechampan.  Two plants were conserved here having high medicinal value, and pictures also at EFI archive under this title.
The sad thing is not available these names except അട്ടനാറി attanaari (means common millipede smelling or strange aromatic smell while leaves crushed) while searching in English Wikipedia.  Please google the link and check screenshot.

Many many thanks, dear …, for pointing to the additional names on the Malayalam Wikipedia page, and for the appreciation.
I have now added them to my blog page. Your close-up photo of the pepper spike is wonderful.

Malayalam names added …
commonly known as: cow-foot leaf • Kannada: ಭಾರಿಪತ್ರ ಮೆಣಸು bhaaripatra menasu • Malayalam: അട്ടനാറി attanaari, പന്നിപെരുവലം panniperuvalm, പീച്ചമ്പാൻ peechampan • Marathi: घोसपिंपळी ghosapimpali • Tamil: பெரிய இலை மிளகு periya ilai milaku



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