China (S. Yunnan) to Tropical Asia and N. Queensland: Andaman Is., Assam, Bangladesh, Cambodia, China South-Central, East Himalaya, India, Jawa, Laos, Lesser Sunda Is., Malaya, Myanmar, Nepal, New Guinea, Queensland, Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Thailand, Vietnam as per POWO;
Common name: False Hemp Tree • Assamese: bhelu • Bengali: chundul • Garo: awek, bol bok, dumbong • Hindi: jungli dungy • Kannada: ಕಾಡು ಬೆಂಡೆ Kaadu bende, ಬೋಳಾರ್ Bolar • Malayalam: ചീനി cheeni, വെള്ളച്ചീനി vellacheeni • Marathi: जंगली भेंडी jangali bhendi • Nepali: मैन-काठ main-kath • Tamil: சீனி Chini, சோலை Cholai • Mizo: Thingdawl

Deciduous dioecious trees, to 45 m high, bole buttressed; bark 10 mm thick, greyish-white, smooth, tuberculate-lenticellate; blaze dull yellow. Leaves simple, alternate, exstipulate, crowded at the apex of branchlets; petiole 5-15 cm long, slender, tomentose; lamina 7.5-20 x 5-12 cm, orbicular-ovate or broadly ovate, base cordate, apex acute-acuminate, margin glandular-serrate, coriaceous, glabrous above, densely tomentose beneath; nerves 3-5 from base, palmate, prominent, lateral nerves 4-9 pairs, pinnate, prominent, intercostae scalariform, prominent. Flowers unisexual, yellowish-green; female flowers sessile, in spicate pendulous panicles; male flowers subsessile, in pubescent panicles; male flowers: 4 mm across, calyx tube very short; lobes 4, ovate, united at base; petals absent; stamens 4, opposite the calyx lobes, inserted around a flat central disc; pistillode rudimentary; female flowers: 4 x 3 mm; calyx connate with the ovary, 4-gonous; lobes 4, short; petals absent; staminodes absent; ovary inferior, 1-celled, ovules numerous on 4 parietal placentae; styles 4, subulate; stigmas club shaped. Fruit a capsule, 5-6 mm long, urceolate, faintly 8-ribbed, glandular, crowned by persistent calyx segments, opening at top; seeds minute, brown.
Flowering and fruiting: March-May
Evergreen, semi-evergreen and moist deciduous forests, also in the plains
(Attributions: Dr. N Sasidharan (Dr. B P Pal Fellow), Kerala Forest Research Institute, Peechi as per India Biodiversity Portal)

A tall tree, height more than 70 ft.
Local marathi name: Vanbhendi
Wihte rumped vultures prefers to nest/roost on it

– This looks like Tetrameles nudiflora.

Its a great specimen. Pls take the giant buttressed roots also in your next visit. It is Bhend but nothing to do with Malvaceae. It is Tetramelaceae. Pls tell us when it flowers in the next 1-2 months.

– Have seen a gigantic specimen of this tree at Savrat Ghan in Phansad WLS. The local name is Ran-bhend.

– I saw these trees at Phansad WLS last week. Ran-bhend name seems to have come from obvious similarity of leaves with Thespsesia populnea leaves.


Huge Tetrameles nudiflora tree – DATR, Uttara Kannada:
This gaint Tetrameles nudiflora tree was just an unbelievable sight. The size of this tree was nothing like I’ve ever seen before.

Is it Tetrameles nodiflora, really huge tree!!!!!
pls leaf photo….

Date/Time – May 2011 10.00 am
Location – Dandeli WIldlife Santuary, Uttara Kannada District, Karnataka
Habitat- Wild, in Semi Evergreen habitat
Plant Habit- Tree
Height – 40+ meters
Leaves – The tree had completely shed its leaves
Unfortunately the tree had shed all of its leaves.

Impressive, what huge buttresses…
I have only seen pictures of wierd large trees that engulf or atleast try to engulf old/ancient ruins in Cambodia.. National Geo pics ot documentaries…   never realising that these trees occur in India in large number per report in Kerala too…
But worldwide it was put on RED list as of 2007, go figure? I do not know why?  exploited I guess!!


Hindi name of Tetrameles nudiflora:  Please help by providing the name *jungli dungy* (or *dungi*) a name given in Hindi to Tetrameles nudiflora in Devnagari script.


Tetrameles nudiflora_RKC02_20032012: No images seen now.
Tetrameles nudiflora R.Br. (Tetrameleceae)
Loc.: Khaari, E. Kameng (Arunachal Pradesh)
Date: May, 2009
Local name: Bhelu

Rajapalayam ayyanar falls 310313 TBN 2 for id :  4 images. 3 posts by 2 authors.
Please identify this plant details of which are as follows:
Date : 22.10.12
Location :Sreevilliputhur Grizzled squirrel sanctuary, Rajapalayam, Tamilnadu
Altitude :100 ft
Habitat :wild Moist decidous
Habit :huge tree
Height :60 -100 ft
Leaves :as shown
Flowers :not seen
Fruits :,as shown
Local name :do not know
I think that the one with the Malabar Giant Squirrel is a different tree of the same species

Tetrameles nodiflora of Datiscaceae common known as Vellacheeni or Cheenimaram in Malayalam


Tetrameles nudiflora : Attachments (1).  1 post by 1 author.
We found this massive tetrameles tree in a stream, growing on bare rock. This was during a trek in Dandeli WLS in May 2013. It was well over 30 meters rising above the canopy. Just a magnificent sight!

along KSH 34 at Anshi :: Tetrameles nudiflora :: DVFEB52/85 : 4 posts by 3 authors. 3 images.
along Karnataka State Highway No. 34 near Anshi
Date: 21 FEB 2012 … Altitude: about 560 m asl
Tetrameles nudiflora R. Br.  (family: Tetramelaceae)

Yes …, I saw it from Thrissur district of Kerala

Tetrameles nudiflora R.Br. :: Matheran :: May 22, 2023 · 10:55 AM IST: 2 images.
Tetrameles nudiflora R.Br.
Matheran, Raigad, Maharashtra :: May 22, 2023 · 10:55 AM IST :: about 800 m (2,625 feet) asl
Many thanks to Radha Veach for correcting the ID … iNaturalist.