Glochidion heyneanum (Wight & Arn.) Wight, Icon. Pl. Ind. Orient. 5: t. 1908 1852. (Syn: Bradleia ovata Wall.; Diasperus asperus (Müll.Arg.) Kuntze; Diasperus heyneanus (Wight) Kuntze; Diasperus nepalensis (Müll.Arg.) Kuntze; Diasperus velutinus (Wight) Kuntze; Eriococcus glaucescens Zoll.; Glochidion asperum (Müll.Arg.) Bedd.; Glochidion nepalense (Müll.Arg.) Kurz; Glochidion velutinum Wight; Gynoon heyneanum Wight & Arn.; Phyllanthus asperus Müll.Arg.; Phyllanthus nepalensis Müll.Arg.; Phyllanthus velutinus (Wight) Müll.Arg.);
Pakistan to China (Yunnan) and Indo-China: Assam, Bangladesh, Cambodia, China South-Central, East Himalaya, India, Laos, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan, Thailand, Vietnam, West Himalaya as per POWO;
glo-KID-ee-on — from the Greek glochis (a projected point)
¿ hay-NEE-uh-num ? — named for Dr B Heyne, German botanist and traveller
vel-oo-TEE-num — velvety
commonly known as: downy melon featherfoil, velvetty melon featherfoil • Malayalam: ചതക്കടന്വ് cathakkatanv • Nepali: कालि काठ kaalikaath
A shrub or tree with tomentose branches and undersurface of leaves; leaves on 3-4 mm long petiole; Flowers in axillary clusters; male flowers with 2-6 mm long pedicel, 6 sepals in two whorls, pubescent; 3 connate stamens; female flower on 1 mm long pedicel; style column shorter than ovary; capsules depressed globose, 4-7-locular.
Tomentose trees, to 7 m high, bark brown, rough; branchlets brown Leaves simple, alternate, distichous; stipules lateral; petiole 3-6 mm, slender, tomentose; lamina 3-15 x 1.5-8 cm, elliptic, elliptic-oblong, elliptic-lanceolate or elliptic-ovate, base acute or oblique, apex acute, obtuse or acuminate at apex, margin entire, coriaceous, densely to sparsely puberulous to glabrous above and velvety tomentose beneath; lateral nerves 4-8 pairs, pinnate, prominent, intercostae scalariform, prominent. Flowers unisexual, yellow, solitary or few together in axillary clusters; male flowers: pedicels 5-14 mm long, filiform, tepals 3-3, 1.5-4 x 0.8-2 mm, oblong, lanceolate or oblanceolate, tomentose; stamens 3, 1-2 mm long, connate by their connectives in a column; connectives produced; female flowers: pedicel 1-5 mm long, filiform tomentose; tepals 3+3, oblong, ovate, triangular, lanceolate or linear, densely tomentose; ovary superior, 1-1.5 mm across, subglobose, 3-6 locular; ovules 2 in each cell; style 1-3 mm long, columnar to clavate or occasionally obconic or sometimes free and forming globose mass of connivent lobes; apical lobes 3-6, orbicular, elliptic, oblong or triangular often bilobulate. Fruit a capsule 3-5 x 6-12 mm, depressed, deeply lobed with bilobulate lobes, tomentose; seeds 5-7, 2 x 2.5 mm, grey, smooth; pedicels 5-10 mm long.
Flowering and fruiting: March-November
Evergreen forests, sholas and grasslands
India, Himalaya, Bangladesh and Myanmar
Euphorbiaceae week-Phyllanthaceae -Glochidion velutinum Wight:
Glochidion velutinum Wight only leaves pictures available with me.
A small tree young branches, petioles and under surface of the leaves are clothed with short velvety pubescence.
Seen these at Sawantwadi , Mah. in Sep 2010.
Flora of Chakrata 2012: Glochidion velutinum for validation.:
EUPHORBIACEAE FORTNIGHT: from Uttarakhand_DSR_31 : Attachments (3). 3 posts by 2 authors.
Glochidion heyneanum/G. velutinum : 11 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (7)
Please help to resolve confusion
Glochidion velutinum is treated as Synonym of G.heyneanum in Plant list as well as by BSI eflora but in Flora of Pakistan only one Glochidion is mentioned that is G.velutinum with no mention of G.heyneanum even as synonym.
Whereas in Flora of India by Sir JD Hooker both species are described uniquely with some morphological differences and distribution.
Please see last attached image for description.
Here are some links
Glochidion velutinum illustration from Flora of Pakistan
Glochidion heyneanum illustration from Flora of China
Kindly consult Chakrabarty et al., Fl. India 23: 421-422. 2012 and your all doubts will be clarified.
Attachments (1)- New Doc 2018-06-19.pdf
The earlier available name takes precedence as per the Code (McNeill et al. 2012, to be replaced by the Schenzhen Code, 2018 very soon). In this case G. heyneanum takes priority and G. velutinim as its synonym.
Ok Glochidion heyneanum (Synonyms – G. velutinum) is an variable species.
Very variable indeed with at least 4 varieties in India.
Here is an image of Glochidion heyneanum posted in this group by …
Fruits look quite different. Need to rethink on ID.
Yes the images posted by … are dehished fruits exposing the red seeds. But the image posted by me from … are just ripe undehished ones.
Glochidion hohenackeri or a new species. Herbarium specimens and detailed descriptions required for final opinion.
Thanks … for giving your valuable views, I will collect the materials and share them for final conclusions…..
Confirming that it is Glochidion hohenackeri.
G. hohenackeri var. johnstonei by … as per another thread: Glochidion hohenackeri and Glochidion ellipticum images in efi site
There is another possibility. G. heyneanum. In G. hohenackeri and G. candolleanum, the female sepals are united but in G. heyneanum they are free.
Thanks, … Yes, appears more closer to Glochidion heyneanum as per images herein.
I think so.