Glochidion heyneanum (Wight & Arn.) Wight, Icon. Pl. Ind. Orient. 5: t. 1908 1852. (Syn: Bradleia ovata Wall.; Diasperus asperus (Müll.Arg.) Kuntze; Diasperus heyneanus (Wight) Kuntze; Diasperus nepalensis (Müll.Arg.) Kuntze; Diasperus velutinus (Wight) Kuntze; Eriococcus glaucescens Zoll.; Glochidion asperum (Müll.Arg.) Bedd.; Glochidion nepalense (Müll.Arg.) Kurz; Glochidion velutinum Wight; Gynoon heyneanum Wight & Arn.; Phyllanthus asperus Müll.Arg.; Phyllanthus nepalensis Müll.Arg.; Phyllanthus velutinus (Wight) Müll.Arg.);
glo-KID-ee-on — from the Greek glochis (a projected point)
commonly known as: downy melon featherfoil, velvetty melon featherfoil • Malayalam: ചതക്കടന്വ് cathakkatanv • Nepali: कालि काठ kaalikaath
Native of: Indian subcontinent
A shrub or tree with tomentose branches and undersurface of leaves; leaves on 3-4 mm long petiole; Flowers in axillary clusters; male flowers with 2-6 mm long pedicel, 6 sepals in two whorls, pubescent; 3 connate stamens; female flower on 1 mm long pedicel; style column shorter than ovary; capsules depressed globose, 4-7-locular.
Tomentose trees, to 7 m high, bark brown, rough; branchlets brown Leaves simple, alternate, distichous; stipules lateral; petiole 3-6 mm, slender, tomentose; lamina 3-15 x 1.5-8 cm, elliptic, elliptic-oblong, elliptic-lanceolate or elliptic-ovate, base acute or oblique, apex acute, obtuse or acuminate at apex, margin entire, coriaceous, densely to sparsely puberulous to glabrous above and velvety tomentose beneath; lateral nerves 4-8 pairs, pinnate, prominent, intercostae scalariform, prominent. Flowers unisexual, yellow, solitary or few together in axillary clusters; male flowers: pedicels 5-14 mm long, filiform, tepals 3-3, 1.5-4 x 0.8-2 mm, oblong, lanceolate or oblanceolate, tomentose; stamens 3, 1-2 mm long, connate by their connectives in a column; connectives produced; female flowers: pedicel 1-5 mm long, filiform tomentose; tepals 3+3, oblong, ovate, triangular, lanceolate or linear, densely tomentose; ovary superior, 1-1.5 mm across, subglobose, 3-6 locular; ovules 2 in each cell; style 1-3 mm long, columnar to clavate or occasionally obconic or sometimes free and forming globose mass of connivent lobes; apical lobes 3-6, orbicular, elliptic, oblong or triangular often bilobulate. Fruit a capsule 3-5 x 6-12 mm, depressed, deeply lobed with bilobulate lobes, tomentose; seeds 5-7, 2 x 2.5 mm, grey, smooth; pedicels 5-10 mm long.
Flowering and fruiting: March-November
Evergreen forests, sholas and grasslands
India, Himalaya, Bangladesh and Myanmar
Euphorbiaceae week-Phyllanthaceae -Glochidion velutinum Wight: Glochidion velutinum Wight only leaves pictures available with me.
A small tree young branches, petioles and under surface of the leaves are clothed with short velvety pubescence.
Seen these at Sawantwadi , Mah. in Sep 2010.
Flora of Chakrata 2012: Glochidion velutinum for validation.: This one was shot from Chakrata Tiuni road on May 18, 2012. I hope this is Glochidion velutinum Wight, Icon. Pl. Ind. Orient. 5(2): 29, t. 1907, 1852; Collett, Fl. Simlensis 451
A small or moderate-sized tree, upto 7 m high, bark velvety-tomentose. Leaves ovate-elliptic or oblong, 5-12 cm long, thinly coriaceous, entire, glabrous, apex obtuse, subacute, base cuneate or cuneate-rounded. Flowers in axillary fascicles, male on slender pedicels, female subsessile. Capsule orbicular-depressed, many-lobed, bright red on maturity.
EUPHORBIACEAE FORTNIGHT: from Uttarakhand_DSR_31 : Attachments (3). 3 posts by 2 authors.
Glochidion heyneanum (Wight & Arn.) Wight is a common small tree in mid hills of Uttarakhand.
Photographed near Naini Tal Uttarakhand
Glochidion heyneanum/G. velutinum : 11 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (7)
Please help to resolve confusion
Glochidion velutinum is treated as Synonym of G.heyneanum in Plant list as well as by BSI eflora but in Flora of Pakistan only one Glochidion is mentioned that is G.velutinum with no mention of G.heyneanum even as synonym.
Whereas in Flora of India by Sir JD Hooker both species are described uniquely with some morphological differences and distribution.
Please see last attached image for description.
Here are some links
Glochidion velutinum illustration from Flora of Pakistan
Glochidion heyneanum illustration from Flora of China
Kindly consult Chakrabarty et al., Fl. India 23: 421-422. 2012 and your all doubts will be clarified.
Attachments (1)- New Doc 2018-06-19.pdf
The earlier available name takes precedence as per the Code (McNeill et al. 2012, to be replaced by the Schenzhen Code, 2018 very soon). In this case G. heyneanum takes priority and G. velutinim as its synonym.
Ok Glochidion heyneanum (Synonyms – G. velutinum) is an variable species.
Very variable indeed with at least 4 varieties in India.
Here is an image of Glochidion heyneanum posted in this group by …
Here we can see the fruits before dehiscence with short, connate and columnar styles. The plant is tomentellous throughout.
Fruits look quite different. Need to rethink on ID.
Yes the images posted by … are dehished fruits exposing the red seeds. But the image posted by me from … are just ripe undehished ones.
Having seen specimens from the entire range of G. heyneanum I have nothing to rethink.
It is up an individual to decide what name to be applied.
I have nothing more to say on these images.
EUPHORBIACEAE FORTNIGHT::Glochidion ellipticum from Chakrata NS-06 : Attachments (5). 6 posts by 3 authors. Please validate if these pics belong to Glochidion ellipticum … This small tree was shot from Chakrata area, this year and the last..
Glochidion hohenackeri or a new species. Herbarium specimens and detailed descriptions required for final opinion.
Thanks … for giving your valuable views, I will collect the materials and share them for final conclusions…..
Confirming that it is Glochidion hohenackeri.
G. hohenackeri var. johnstonei by … as per another thread: Glochidion hohenackeri and Glochidion ellipticum images in efi site
There is another possibility. G. heyneanum. In G. hohenackeri and G. candolleanum, the female sepals are united but in G. heyneanum they are free.
Thanks, … Yes, appears more closer to Glochidion heyneanum as per images herein.
I think so.