Ziziphus xylopyra (Retz.) Willd., Sp. pl. 1(2):1104. 1798 (Syn: Rhamnus rotundifolia Pers.; Rhamnus xylopyrus Retz.; Ziziphus cuneata Wall.; Ziziphus elliptica Roxb.; Ziziphus heterogenea Russ. ex Wall.; Ziziphus orbicularis Roem. & Schult.; Ziziphus rotundifolia (Pers.) Roth; Ziziphus ruminata Buch.-Ham. ex Wall.) as per Catalogue of Life;
Ziziphus xylopyrus (Retz.) Willd., Sp. Pl. ed. 4. 1: 1104 (1798) (syn: Rhamnus rotundifolia Pers. ; Ziziphus caracutta Buch.-Ham. ex Roxb. ; Ziziphus cuneata Wall. ; Ziziphus elliptica Roxb. ; Ziziphus glaberrima (Sedgw.) Santapau ; Ziziphus heterogenea Russell ex Wall. ; Ziziphus orbicularis Schult. ; Ziziphus rotundifolia Roth ; Ziziphus ruminata Buch.-Ham. ex Wall. ; Rhamnus xylopyrus Retz. ; Ziziphus zonulata Blanco) as per POWO;
India: In dry deciduous forests, but sometimes also found in Sal forests. Throughout, except E. India; Nepal and Sri Lanka as per BSI Flora of India;
Nepal, India (throughout), Sri Lanka as per Catalogue of Life;
Keys available in BSI Flora of India;
Flora of Ranga Reddi District: Andhra Pradesh, India By Thammineni Pullaiah, M. Silar Mohammed (Keys- Ziziphus glabrata, mauritiana, oenoplia & xylopyrus & Description- 2000) 

Flora of Eastern Ghats: Hill Ranges of South East India, Volume 1 By Thammineni Pullaiah, D. Muralidhara Rao, K. Sri Ramamurthy (Keys- glabrata, horrida, mauritiana, nummularia, oenoplia, rugosa & xylopyrus & Description- 2002


As per efi thread:
Z.caracatta is an unarmed small shrub / small tree, with glabrous leaves and fruit.

Z.xylopyra is a small tree [which may or may not be armed with prickles] and has tomentose undersurface of leaves and fruit. (As per book link: Flowers in axillary pedunculate corymbs, calyces tomentose)

Trees, to 12 m high, bark thin, brownish-grey, exfoliating in small scales; branchlets tomentose, sparsely armed. Leaves simple, alternate, stipulate; petiole 5-12 mm, tomentose, slender; lamina 5-8 x 3-5 cm, ovate-oblong or suborbicular, base rounded; apex obtuse, apiculate, margin serrulate, glabrous above, tomentose beneath, coriaceous; 3-5-ribbed from base; lateral nerves many, puberulent beneath; intercostae reticulate, faint. Flowers bisexual, in axillary cymes, greenish-yellow, pubescent; peduncle 1.5 cm long; calyx 5 lobed, 1.5 mm radiating; petals 5, 2 mm, spathulate; disc 5 lobed; stamens 5, filaments subulate; ovary 3-celled, ovules solitary; styles 3; stigma trifid. Fruit a drupe, 1.5-2.5 cm across, globose, woolly; seeds 3.     

Flowering and fruiting: May-June
Dry and moist deciduous forests
India, Nepal and Sri Lanka


Rhamnaceae: Ziziphus xylopyrus (Retz.) Willd.: 2 high res. images.
location/date: University of Agricultural Sciences campus, Bangalore, July 1997

Reference: As per efi thread


Ziziphus xylopyrus (Retz.) Willd. or Ziziphus xylopyrus Hochst. ex A.Rich. [Illegitimate]:
Ziziphus xylopyrus Hochst. ex A.Rich. [Illegitimate] is a syn. of Ziziphus abyssinica Hochst. ex A.Rich. as per The Plant List link: http://www.theplantlist.org/tpl/record/kew-2471070 . It’s not found in GRIN.
Ziziphu sxylopyrus (Retz.) Willd. is not mentioned in the Plant List.

However, it is an accepted name as per GRIN:
Which is the Indian species found i.e. Ziziphus xylopyrus Hochst. ex A.Rich. or Ziziphus xylopyrus (Retz.) Willd. ? Pl. assist in the matter pl.

Ziziphus xylopyrus (Rertz.) Willd. SN Feb – 12 :  Attachments (1).  2 posts by 2 authors.
Ziziphus xylopyrus (Rertz.) Willd. Fam: Rhamnaceae
medium sized tree, near Chennai scrub jungle, fruit hard

Common around Pune too.

Ziziphus xylopyrus (Retz.) Willd.SN 15Jan 32 : 4 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (2)
Ziziphus xylopyrus (Retz.) Willd., wild tree from Manmad area of Nashik dt, Maharashtra

Yes, the fruits are inedible..

…, but I have eaten a some of the wild ber vars. from ruins in my childhood. And some of them look like one in this photo.

The fruits are very hard , that is the meaning of Xylopyrus (wood like fruit), it is difficult to eat. Some other wild species are there. Fruits of them are edible.



Ziziphus Species for ID : Nasik : 24NOV20 : AK-21 : 2 + 2 images.
Another Ziziphus Species seen growing wild.

Ziziphus nummularia!

Any chance Ziziphus xylopyrus ??

Both the Ziziphus plants were growing nearby.
This and the other I have posted which you have also identified as Ziziphus xylopyrus.

Is it, … it is also xylopyrus,


Thanks a lot for the ids.

Found two more pictures clicked at the same location.
Kindly validate.
2 images.

Yes, it’s ma’am, some times complete habit pic will help us to exact,


Ziziphus Species for ID : Nasik : 24NOV20 : AK-20 : 2 images.
Ziziphus Species seen growing wild.
No flowers or fruits.

Ziziphus xylopyrus

Thanks, … Is the id correct for posts at Ziziphus xylopyra ?

Hoping there are mixed images of Ziziphus glabrata and xylopyrus

Which one is Ziziphus glabrata ?

As per mine, the first two photos belongs to glabrata out three photos in the first set,

ID of Ziziphus species on Vetal tekdi, kothrud, Pune: 3 images.
Please help me in identifying this small trees of Ziziphus species on Vetal Tekadi in Kothrud, Pune last week.

Ziziphus xylopyrus,

I think you are right.


References ((Ziziphus xylopyrus Hochst. ex A.Rich.) ((POWO considers Ziziphus caracutta Buch.-Ham. ex Roxb. as a syn. of Ziziphus xylopyrus (Retz.) Willd.)):