Ziziphus xylopyra (Retz.) Willd., Sp. pl. 1(2):1104. 1798 (Syn: Rhamnus rotundifolia Pers.; Rhamnus xylopyrus Retz.; Ziziphus cuneata Wall.; Ziziphus elliptica Roxb.; Ziziphus heterogenea Russ. ex Wall.; Ziziphus orbicularis Roem. & Schult.; Ziziphus rotundifolia (Pers.) Roth; Ziziphus ruminata Buch.-Ham. ex Wall.) as per Catalogue of Life ?;
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India: In dry deciduous forests, but sometimes also found in Sal forests. Throughout, except E. India; Nepal and Sri Lanka as per BSI Flora of India;
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Nepal, India (throughout), Sri Lanka as per Catalogue of Life;
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Keys available in BSI Flora of India;
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Flora of Ranga Reddi District: Andhra Pradesh, India By Thammineni Pullaiah, M. Silar Mohammed (Keys- Ziziphus glabrata, mauritiana, oenoplia & xylopyrus & Description- 2000) 
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Flora of Eastern Ghats: Hill Ranges of South East India, Volume 1 By Thammineni Pullaiah, D. Muralidhara Rao, K. Sri Ramamurthy (Keys- glabrata, horrida, mauritiana, nummularia, oenoplia, rugosa & xylopyrus & Description- 2002

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As per efi thread:
Z.caracatta is an unarmed small shrub / small tree, with glabrous leaves and fruit.

Z.xylopyra is a small tree [which may or may not be armed with prickles] and has tomentose undersurface of leaves and fruit.
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Trees, to 12 m high, bark thin, brownish-grey, exfoliating in small scales; branchlets tomentose, sparsely armed. Leaves simple, alternate, stipulate; petiole 5-12 mm, tomentose, slender; lamina 5-8 x 3-5 cm, ovate-oblong or suborbicular, base rounded; apex obtuse, apiculate, margin serrulate, glabrous above, tomentose beneath, coriaceous; 3-5-ribbed from base; lateral nerves many, puberulent beneath; intercostae reticulate, faint. Flowers bisexual, in axillary cymes, greenish-yellow, pubescent; peduncle 1.5 cm long; calyx 5 lobed, 1.5 mm radiating; petals 5, 2 mm, spathulate; disc 5 lobed; stamens 5, filaments subulate; ovary 3-celled, ovules solitary; styles 3; stigma trifid. Fruit a drupe, 1.5-2.5 cm across, globose, woolly; seeds 3.     

Flowering and fruiting: May-June
Dry and moist deciduous forests
India, Nepal and Sri Lanka

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Ziziphus xylopyrus (Retz.) Willd. or Ziziphus xylopyrus Hochst. ex A.Rich. [Illegitimate]:

Ziziphus xylopyrus Hochst. ex A.Rich. [Illegitimate] is a syn. of Ziziphusabyssinica Hochst. ex A.Rich.as per The Plant List link: http://www.theplantlist.org/tpl/record/kew-2471070 . It’s not found in GRIN.
Ziziphusxylopyrus (Retz.) Willd. is not mentioned in the Plant List.
However, it is an accepted name as per GRIN:
http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/npgs/html/taxon.pl?42299
Which is the Indian species found i.e. Ziziphus xylopyrus Hochst. ex A.Rich. or Ziziphus xylopyrus (Retz.) Willd. ? Pl. assist in the matter pl.
See one thread in this regard:

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Ziziphus xylopyrus (Rertz.) Willd. SN Feb – 12 :  Attachments (1).  2 posts by 2 authors.

Ziziphus xylopyrus (Rertz.) Willd. Fam: Rhamnaceae

medium sized tree, near Chennai scrub jungle, fruit hard


Common around Pune too.



/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/Zizi%20xylo1%20-%20Copy-6.JPG
/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/Zizi%20xylo%20-%20Copy.JPG
Ziziphus xylopyrus (Retz.) Willd.SN 15Jan 32 : 4 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (2)

Ziziphus xylopyrus (Retz.) Willd., wild tree from Manmad area of Nashik dt, Maharashtra


Yes, the fruits are inedible..


…, but I have eaten a some of the wild ber vars. from ruins in my childhood. And some of them look like one in this photo.


The fruits are very hard , that is the meaning of Xylopyrus (wood like fruit), it is difficult to eat. Some other wild species are there. Fruits of them are edible.


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Another Ziziphus Species seen growing wild.


Ziziphus nummularia!


Any chance Ziziphus xylopyrus ??


Both the Ziziphus plants were growing nearby.

This and the other I have posted which you have also identified as Ziziphus xylopyrus.


Is it, …

it is also xylopyrus,


https://08511630493324166816.googlegroups.com/attach/77f5394b0c995/20201120_095542.jpg?part=0.1&view=1&vt=ANaJVrEU-Ix4doakAW4rHKPWluAhsfjKGvAP-K25gk2zXnfabkiEt-cbdeGgS2Zfgbr9LkHCtrQVftiLZtO9XdPEY6OrCpIp4d0rgDivsNTFCQIY94gXlWU

Thanks a lot for the ids.

Found two more pictures clicked at the same location.
Kindly validate.

2 images.


Yes, it’s ma’am, some times complete habit pic will help us to exact,



Ziziphus Species seen growing wild.

No flowers or fruits.


Ziziphus xylopyrus


Thanks, … Is the id correct for posts at Ziziphus xylopyra ?

Hoping there are mixed images of Ziziphus glabrata and xylopyrus


Which one is Ziziphus glabrata ?


As per mine, the first two photos belongs to glabrata out three photos in the first set,


3 images.
Please help me in identifying this small trees of Ziziphus species on Vetal Tekadi in Kothrud, Pune last week.


Ziziphus xylopyrus,



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References ((Ziziphus xylopyrus Hochst. ex A.Rich.):

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