India (Assam, Meghalaya, Sikkim, also widely cultivated), Bhutan, Indonesia, Malesia, Myanmar, Nepal as per Synopsis of the Genus Ficus L. (Moraceae) in India Lal Babu Chaudhary*, Jana Venkata Sudhakar, Anoop Kumar, Omesh Bajpai, Rinkey Tiwari and G. V. S. Murthy- Taiwania, 57(2): 193-216, 2012;
Common name: Rubber Tree, Rubber Plant, India Rubber Tree, Indian Rubber Bush • Marathi: रबराचो वड Rabracho-vad • Malayalam: Shimayal, Simayal • Telugu: Rabbaru, Sagubanka, Simamarri • Kannada: Goli, Goni, Shimeala, India rubber mara • Khasi: Diengjri • Assamese: অথা
বৰ Atha bor

Images by tspkumar


TSP-DEC2015-56-229:Images of Ficus elastica (Moraceae) : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (6)

It is my pleasure to share few images of Ficus elastica (Moraceae 

Habit: Evergreen tree 

Habitat: cultivated 

Sighting: Tumkur, Karnataka, about 800 msl 

Date: 18-05-2014, 27-05-2014 and 23-06-2014

Ficus Species For ID : Lalbagh,Bangalore : 04MAY17 : AK-01 : 8 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (6)
Ficus Species seen in Lalbagh last week (4.5.17).
It was a huge tree.

Ficus elastica 

Many thanks … Although the fruits are matching with your suggested id, the leaves were smaller. Does this Species have variable leaves?

yes … this Species have variable leaves all over India. 

Isn’t it ‘indian rubber tree’

Yes … … was kind enough to give me the id.

Rubber Tree is a beautiful tree native to NE India, the eastern Himalayas, and SE Asia.
Rubber Tree is popular because it is very easy to grow and care for. They can get big pretty quickly, as they are vigorous growers and don’t ask for much attention. It grows up to 30-40 m tall, but is usually seen as a smaller garden tree.
It has broad shiny oval leaves 10-35 cm long and 5-15 cm broad. Leaf size is largest on young plants (occasionally to 45 cm long), much smaller on old trees (typically 10 cm long). The leaves develop inside a reddish sheath at the tip of branches, which looks very attractive. It grows larger as the new leaf develops. When it is mature, it unfurls and the sheath drops off the plant. Inside the new leaf, another immature leaf is waiting to develop.
The small stalkless, yellow-green oval figs, 1 cm long, grow in pairs.
This is a popular house-plant, and grows in all Indian conditions. The tree can yield a milky white latex, which has been used to make rubber.
(Reference: Flowers of India)


Attachments (7)

Thanks … for Showing Inflorescence of This tree. Never seen before

Ficus elastica
a small size tree with thick leathery leaves from GN Khalsa College Karnal (228 Mts )
Known as rubber plant locally. Never seen flowers fruits on this plant
pls validate


Flora Picture of the year 2013 – Raman Arunachalam : 7 posts by 7 authors. Attachments (1).
Cherrapunji, MeghalayaFicus ElasticaIndian Rubber Tree

Its a sight to see the Living Root Bridges, after walking down 2500 steps.
More photos in a professional site:

Thanks  … for taking me down memory lane.. i visited this place in the year 2008, wonderful sight …
Living rot bridges — amazing Bio-engineering feat….. example of survival instinct… Nice photograph..

Never seen such bridge! Beautiful. Reminds me many adventurous river crossing in plant explorations in the Himalaya.
Thank you for showing this marvel of creation.

Fantastic picture … Seeing the living bridge from this angle for the first time. Indeed if I visit this exciting place, this would become my flora picture of the year too.


Hooghly-sept-sk15 : Ficus elastica Roxb. ex Hornem. (ornamental cultivar) : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (7).
These were taken on 25/8/12.


Tree ID from Bangladesh SM 176 : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (1)

Ficus elastica?
Habit: Tree
Habitat : Park
Location: Dhaka City 

yes, most likely
though lets wait for a ficus expert


Ficus elastica Variegata : For Validation : Bangalore : 29FEB16 : AK-16 : 16/16 : 3 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (2)

Seen on 26/7/12 in Bangalore.
A small cultivated tree.

To me it looks like the Variegated Rubber Plant.
For validation please.

You are right …

Lalbagh Botanical Gardens Bangalore
Date: 19 FEB 2017 … Altitude: ~ 906 m (2972 ft) asl
Ficus elastica Roxb. ex Hornem. … (family: Moraceae) … native, widely cultivated as ornamental 

The subject line contains typo; please read as Rubber Fig …

Ficus elastica

Ficus fistulosa


Plants for ID… : 3 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (6)
Two species of Ficus, first one collected from South Andaman (1A-C) and another one from Narcondam Island (2A-C).
Requested to please provide ID.

1. Ficus microcarpa L.f. ??
2. Ficus fistulosa Reinw. ex Blume
Please post different sp. in separate posts in future!

Ficus elastica and fistulosa


Swamy /2023/ 109 – Ficus species.: 2 images.
I am forwarding herewith 2 photographs for ID. Photographed in Mysore a few days ago.  Please ID the species. Looks more like Ficus eleastica for me.

Looks like !

Yes, it appears so.




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