Roscoea purpurea Sm., Exot. Bot. 2: 97 1806. (Syn: Roscoea procera Wall.; Roscoea purpurea f. alba Cowley; Roscoea purpurea var. gigantea Wall.; Roscoea purpurea var. procera (Wall.) Baker; Roscoea purpurea f. rubra Cowley);
Roscoea purpurea is a perennial herbaceous plant occurring in the Himalayas, particularly Nepal. Most members of the ginger family (Zingiberaceae), to which it belongs, are tropical, but species of Roscoea grow in much colder mountainous regions. It is sometimes grown as an ornamental plant in gardens.
Roscoea purpurea is a perennial herbaceous plant. Like all members of the genus Roscoea, it dies back each year to a short vertical rhizome, to which are attached the tuberous roots. When growth begins again, “pseudostems” are produced: structures which resemble stems but are actually formed from the tightly wrapped bases (sheaths) of its leaves. R. purpurea can grow to over 50 cm tall, with wide leaves and a stout pseudostem, although the height varies. The leaf sheaths are pale green or may have a dark reddish-purple tinge.
The stem (peduncle) of the flower spike is hidden by the leaf sheaths. The flowers are the largest of any species in the genus. They are usually purple to mauve in colour, although white- and red-flowered forms have been found in Nepal.
Each flower has the typical structure for Roscoea (see the diagrams in that article). There is a tube-shaped outer calyx. Next the three petals (the corolla) form a tube slightly longer than the calyx, terminating in three lobes, an upright hooded central lobe and two slightly smaller side lobes. Inside the petals are structures formed from four sterile stamens (staminodes): two lateral staminodes form what appear to be small upright petals; two central staminodes are partially fused at the base to form a lip or labellum.
Roscoea purpurea is native to the Himalayas, and in particular Nepal. It occus in a range of habitats, both damp and dry. It has been found in alpine grassland, rock faces, terraced walls, clearings and woodland edges; sometimes exposed to the full sun and sometimes in the shade of other herbaceous plants, shrubs and trees.
R. purpurea like other Roscoea species and cultivars, is often grown in rock gardens. Plants generally require a relatively sunny position with moisture-retaining but well-drained soil. As they do not appear above ground until late spring or even early summer, they escape frost damage in regions where subzero temperatures occur.
(From Wikipedia on 6.9.14)
Roscoea sp from from Way to Deovan Chakrata. Small herb with about 12-15 inch height at altitude of 2400 mts. Family zingiberaceae
My id is Roscoea capitata
Roscoea purpurea i think
This is not R alpina
I was also in doubt whether capitata or purpurea. … may be right in this being purpurea
Yes it should be R. purpurea, perhaps purple colour is confusing for ….
R. alpina has purple flowers and corolla tube much longer whereas both R. purpurea and R. capitata have mauve or light blue flowers and with shorter corolla tube. R. capitata has numerous flowers in the spike.
Sir another confusion
this plant was shot somewhere from Mussoorie area
This also looks like R purpurea as per the attachment supplement to flowers of himalaya
But see the flower colour and long corolla tube. It should be R. alpina, if I am not wrong
Sir R alpina i have uploaded separately. R alpina is about 15-20 cm only, much smaller than this plant
VoF Week : Roscoea purpurea: Name of species : Roscoea purpurea
Family : Zingiberaceae
Habit : Herb
Habitat : Hill slope
Date of click : 13th Aug`12
Location: Enroute to Ghanghariya, from Govind Ghat (c. aprox 4 Kms of uphill trek).
Abundance : Not very common.
Roscoea purpurea Sm. … (family: Zingiberaceae)
4 AUG 12
Ghangaria – Govind Ghat trail … about 7500 ft
Date : 14 august ’12
Seen the earlier postings, I think this is Roscoea purpurea. Am I ok?
Yes …, this is Roscoea purpurea. Very beautiful flower.
VoF Week: Roscoea purpurea from Govindghat Ghangriya Trek: Roscoea purpurea from Govindghat Ghangriya Trek
Roscoea purpurea (Family: Zingiberaceae ) ….along Govindghat – Ghangaria trail..
VoF Week : Roscoea purpurea MN160912: Roscoea purpurea
Roscoea purpurea (Zingiberaceae) from Uttarakhand: Aug. 2014_DSR_4: 4 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (1).
Roscoea purpurea J.E.Sm. (Zingiberaceae) is a common herb in temperate Uttarakhand.
Here photographed in Kalamuni area where it exists in two distinct forms- one with completely green leaves and other with brownish leaves.
I have also added list of Indian species in eFIbased on Karthikeyan et al. (1989).
Exact, nice uploading
Araceae, Arecaceae and Zingiberaceae Fortnight: Zingiberaceae- Roscoea purpurea from Uttarakhand-GSAUG66 : 3 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (3).
Roscoea purpurea Sm., ; Exot. Bot. 2: 97, t. 108 (1806).
A plant taller than R. alpina but with shorter corolla tube. Photographed from Chakrata Deovan Road in Uttarakhand.
Nice photos …
Araceae, Arecaceae and Zingiberaceae Fortnight: Zingiberaceae- Roscoea species from Mussoorie for ID-GSG (AUG20) : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (1).
Some species of Roscoea from Dhanolti area, Mussoorie. Only fruiting specimen noticed.
This could be Roscoea purpurea.
Araceae, Arecaceae and Zingiberaceae Fortnight: Zingiberaceae- Roscoea procera from Himachal-GSG (AUG18) : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (2).
Roscoea procera from Himachal [Nohradhar, Sirmour; 2300 m asl].
Araceae, Arecaceae and Zingiberaceae Month: Zingiberaceae-Roscoea purpurea from Chakrata :: NS Aug 55 : 4 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (3).
This is quite common in Chakrata area…
Please suggest if id is otherwise. ..
Nice photos …
Roscoea pupurea : 4 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (1)
Enclosing a picture of R. purpurea shot on 13 July 2016 in the Godawari Botanical Garden at 5000 ft.
Is it R. purpurea or capitata ?
Please ignore. It is purpurea !
Kailas Manasarovar Yatra::Wild flower for ID NSJ-OCT 16/01 : 3 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (3)
Roscoea purpurea (Purple roscoe lily) photographed near Sirkha and Gala (Uttarakhand) Aug 13, 2016 on Kailash-Manas yatra route. Altitude almost 9000 feet.
As far as I know, only 2 Roscoeas are recorded from Uttarakhand. It is not R.alpina which is also found in Kashmir and H.P. (I saw it in Deodar forest at Manali in the mid-1980s), so presumably must come within what is known as R.purpurea.
‘Flora Simlensis’ has this species under the name R.procera – both this and R.alpina are known from Shimla.
However, a number of new species of Roscoea have been described from Nepal in recent decades, so one needs to eliminate some of these from consideration – I do not have the details to hand.
Roscoea purpurea Sm. ?? : 4 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (5)
Location: Deurali, Dolkha, Nepal
Date: 6 September 2017
Elevation : 7700 ft.
Yes to me also appear close to images at Roscoea purpurea
Thank you …!
Nepali Names : भोर्दया Bhordayaa / भुइँ सरो Bhuin Saro / काकोली Kaakolee / रसगरी Rasagaree / थेम्नि Themnee
Roscoea purpurea Sm. : 5 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (7)- around 600 kb each.
Date: 21 August 2018
Habit : Wild
Roscoea purpurea Sm. : 7 posts by 2 authors. 4 images- 6 to 7 mb each.
Location: Indra Daha, Kathmandu, Nepal
Date: 10 September 2020
Elevation: 1800 m.
Nepali Names : रसगरी Rasagaree/ भोर्दया Bhordayaa/ भुइँसरो Bhui Saro/ काकोली Kaakolee/ थेम्मी Themmee
Thank you very much …, for the Nepali names of this plant, and for many other plants too. I have been missing on eFI for a long time. I am trying to salvage my plants-names database to a blog site. That is going to take considerable time.