Cautleya gracilis (Sm.) Dandy, J. Bot. 70: 328 1932. (Syn: Cautleya gracilis var. gracilior (K.Schum.) Sanjappa; Cautleya gracilis var. robusta (K.Schum.) Sanjappa; Cautleya lutea (Royle) Royle ex Hook.f.; Cautleya lutea var. gracilior K.Schum.; Cautleya lutea var. robusta K.Schum.; Roscoea elatior Sm.; Roscoea gracilis Sm.; Roscoea lutea Royle);
It is cultivated as an ornamental garden plant, hardy to a few degrees of frost.
What appear to be stems in Cautleya species are actually “pseudostems” formed by the tightly wrapped bases or sheaths of the leaves. In C. gracilis, the pseudostems are 25–80 cm (10–31 in) tall, with some purely sheathing leaves at the base. Other leaves also have blades, free from the pseudostem, 6–20 cm (2.4–7.9 in) long by 1.5–6 cm (0.6–2.4 in) wide. The inflorescence is a spike, with typically 2–10 loosely spaced flowers in C. gracilis var. gracilis and 15–20 more tightly spaced flowers making a compact “head” in C. gracilis var. robusta.
Each yellow or orange flower has a complex structure. A green bract surrounds the sepals, which are largely fused, forming a tubular calyx, split along one side, which is longer than the bract, being 1.5–2 cm (0.59–0.79 in) long. Inside the calyx, the three petals are fused at the base to form a tube which is longer than the calyx, so that it protrudes. At the end of the tube the petals form three lobes, 1.2–2 cm (0.5–0.8 in) long. Inside the petals are three petal-like structures (staminodes). The two side staminodes are upright. The lip or labellum is bent downwards and is divided into two at the tip. The single stamen has a two-pronged “spur” at base of the anther, formed by connective tissue.
The seed capsule is red when ripe, splitting to reveal the black seeds.
A small white aril is present in C. gracilis var. robusta but is absent in C. gracilis var. gracilis.
(From Wikipedia on 30.8.13)
Kalatope id al240911a: A very nice flower/fruit.. although the petals seem to be quite stiff
and I have never been able to see it budding
Location Kalatope, Chamba
Altitude 2200 mts
Height 2 feet
It is Cautleya sp. probably C. gracilis.
Thanks …, I was in fact struck by the leaf resemblance to the Spiked Ginger Lily plant which is found aplenty here..
It was a learning for me as well.
Thank you for the wonderful pictures which was new to me.
Cautleya gracilis for validation:: NS June 04 : 3 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (5).
Please validate if this one is Cautleya gracilis, was shot from Pelling in Sikkim in the month of May 2014.
Yes this should be C. gracilis
Thanks for confirmation …
Cautleya gracilis (Zingiberaceae) from Uttarakhand: Aug. 2014_DSR_5 : 4 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (1). Cautleya gracilis (J.E.Sm.) Dandy (Zingiberaceae) is a common herb in temperate and subalpine Uttarakhand.
Here photographed near Kalamuni, Munsyari, Uttarakhand.
I have also added list of Indian species of Cautleya in eFI database based on Karthikeyan et al. (1989)
Yes, you are right
Araceae, Arecaceae and Zingiberaceae Fortnight:Zingiberaceae Cautleya gracilis : 5 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (2).
sharing picture of Cautleya gracilis
from Sikkim May 2014
Beautiful…!! at a “walking” distance from Pelling..
Araceae, Arecaceae and Zingiberaceae Fortnight: Zingiberaceae- Cautleya gracilis from Dhanolti-GSG (AUG12) : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (1).
Cautleya gracilis from Dhanolti, Mussoorie. Photo clicked last week (30.8.14) under heavy clouds. The plant was encountered mostly in epiphytic condition.
Araceae, Arecaceae and Zingiberaceae Month: Zingiberaceae-Cautleya gracilis from Pelling :: NS Aug 47 : 3 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (4).
This herb was recorded from Pelling in May 2014, please validate/correct the id..
Cautleya gracilis is the id I have got…
Nice photos …
Thanks for confirmation and liking …
MS Oct.2016/09 Cautleya gracilis (Sm.) Dandy : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (2)
Place : Saireptlang, Lunglei district, Mizoram
Altitude : 1,520 m.
Date : 21/09/2016
Habit : Epiphytic herb
Habitat : Wild
MS July, 2019/03 Cautleya sp. for Id : 6 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (2)
Location : Sairep, Mizoram
Date : 21-09-2016
Habit : Epiphytic on trees
Habitat : Wild
… posted it earlier as MS Oct.2016/09 Cautleya gracilis (Sm.) Dandy
SK289JAN01-2016:ID : 8 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (5)
Location: Godawari Botanical Garden, Nepal
Altitude: 5000 ft.
Date: 14 September 2013
Seems to be Zingiberaceae. Perhaps someone else will immediately recognise it to save me checking it further?
Cautleya gracilis fruit wall after dispersal of seeds.
Thank you … I guessed some Orchid LOL !
Thank you, Professor for identifying this member of Zingiberaceae.
I have rather a lot “on my plate” at present, so saved me the trouble of checking the likely candidates within this family.
Flora of Kathmandu Valley records it @ 2200-2770m below Phulchoki which is in forest above the Godawari Botanic garden, as an undergrowth.
According to this, both C.gracilis and C.spicata are known locally as ‘San Saro’.
Cautleya gracilis (Sm.) Dandy ??? : 6 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (7)
Location: Lamahatta, Darjeeling, India
Date: 22 May 2017
Altitude: 6800 ft.
MS June, 2019/10 Cautleya sp. for id : 4 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (2)
Location : Tan tlang, Mizoram
Altitude : ca 1,800 m.
Date : 01-06-2019
Habit : Herb (epyphytic or terrestrial)
Habitat : Wild
Cautleya spicata (Sm.) Baker ?