Miliusa indica Lesch. ex A.DC., Mém. Anon. 37 1832. (Syn: Miliusa eriocarpa Dunn; Miliusa leschenaultii A.DC.; Uvaria ciliata B.Heyne ex Wight & Arn.);
S. India, Sri Lanka as per POWO;

Habit- Shrubs or small trees, up to 7 m tall.
Branches and Branchlets- Young branchlets pubescent.
Leaves- Leaves simple, alternate, distichous; petioles 0.1-0.2 cm long, pubescent; lamina 5-7 x 2-2.7 cm, ovate, glabrous above, pubescent beneath when young, apex acute to obtuse, base rounded; secondary nerves ca. 12 pairs, faint; tertiary nerves obscure.
Inflorescence / Flower- Flowers solitary, axillary, white, fragrant; pedicels 0.7-1.5 cm long, glabrous.
Fruit and Seed- Clustered 2-seeded berries, subglobose, 0.7-1.0 cm across, red, glabrous; stalk about 0.5 cm long.

Understorey tree in wet evergreen to dry evergreen forests, up to 1400 m.
India and Sri Lanka; in the Western Ghats- South and Central Sahyadris.
(Attributions- B. R. Ramesh, N. Ayyappan, Pierre Grard, Juliana Prosperi, S. Aravajy, Jean Pierre Pascal, The Biotik Team, French Institute of Pondicherry as per India Biodiversity Portal)

Images by Raghu Ananth (Identified by Giby Kuriakose) (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more images, click on the links) 


Fruiting Shrub for ID | 03Nov11AR01:
Date/Time- 18 Jan 2011 1:25PM
Location- Place, Altitude, GPS- Chennai -Chandragiri road, Tamil Nadu

Habitat- Garden/ Urban/ Wild/ Type-Road side trees, Rural Village
Plant Habit- Tree/ Shrub/ Climber/ Herb- Looks like a Shrub
Height/Length-approx – 6-8 feet
Leaves Type/ Shape/ Size- Shape – Linear, 15cms,
Inflorescence Type/ Size-
Flowers Size/ Colour/ Calyx/ Bracts-No flowers
Fruits Type/ Shape/ Size Seeds- 1.5cms-2.5cms, approx. globose,

This is a species of Millusa of Annonaceae family. May be Miliusa indica.

A correction, please read Miliusa and not Millusa

I could verify and agree upon the following Botanical descriptions from Biotik link on Miliusa Indica. However few descriptions are slightly doubtful like in the secondary nerves -12 pairs, faint (appears less than the 12 pairs – could be typically 8-9 pairs. I see the fruits have tiny hairs in my photographs – so not glabrous. The plant distribution is restricted to South Western Ghats.

Bot. Descriptions that do agree.
(Subset of that mentioned in Biotik – biotik)
Under storey tree, wet habitat – Yes, this plant was found under a large tree, wet
Shrubs or small trees,
Leaves simple, alternate, petioles 0.1-0.2 cm long, pubescent, lamina 5-7 x 2-2.7 cm, apex acute to obtuse, base rounded,
secondary_nerves ca. 12 pairs, faint; tertiary_nerves obscure
Fruits -Clustered, subglobose, 0.7-1.0 cm across, glabrous; stalk about 0.5 cm long.
Thanks a lot for the ID Help – Miliusa Indica

I am very much impressed about the fact that you had cross checked upon my suggestion and gathered valuable and valid information about the plant.

It is very much needed for further learning of any plant species.
I shall check for the characters which you needed clarification later and get back to you.
I think the fruit stalk had faint hairs and not on the fruit, am I correct?
But, biotic says the distribution is in India and Sri Lanka and occurrence in wet and dry evergreen forests.
We have dry evergreen forests only in the Coramandal costs.
May be … can add further clarification.


Miliusa eriocarpa: 2 images.
Found in a private nursery in Chennai, July.