great hop trefoil, hop clover, hop trefoil, large hop clover; 
India (N) ; Jammu-Kashmir & other countries as per ILDIS;
 

May 18, “Fascination of Plants Day” : Trifolium campestre Schreb. from Kathua, J & K: This was the first interesting plant I clicked on this trip to Kashmir. While passing through Kathua on way to Jammu, we thought of paying a courtesy call to my niece who stays there. I found it growing in a vegetable bed in their house, a plant that set me to thinking. I had known (most books key out like that) genus Trifolium to be differentiated by its persistent petals and/or digitately (palmately) trifoliate leaves. I knew another Trifolium, T. dubium from Kashmir with yellow flowers, but much smaller heads almost the size of Medicago lupulina. This one had yellow flowers, much larger head, persistent petals which turn brown, almost straw coloured in fruit, but interesting pinnately trifoliate leaves (central leafet on a much longer stalk. Finally I was able to identify it as Trifolium campestre Schreb.,  
Trifolium campestre Schreb., J. Sturm, Deutschl. Fl. Abt. 1(Heft 16): t. 253. 1804
Common names: great hop trefoil, hop clover, hop trefoil, large hop clover

Annual erect or ascending herb with pinnately trifoliate leaves; stipules up to 8 mm long, adnate to prtiole for half its length; lateral leaflets sessile, terminal on 3-7 mm long stalk, leaflets obovate8-15 mm long, margin entire in lower part, serrate in upper part; flowers yellow in globose to cylindical head-like racemes on up to 3 cm long peduncle; pedicel 1-2 mm long; calyx white, 2-3 mm long; corolla yellow, persistent, turning brown in fruit.

The plant is useful fodder, but less commonly cultivated, usually growing naturally.

 

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Trifolium campestre from below Dalhousie-GSMAY01/01 : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (2)

I had previously photographed and uploaded this fodder plant from Kathua in J & K grown in the house of my Niece. J & K is also mentioned in Legumes of India. I found this growing wild along roadsides few KM on way to Dalhousie, perhaps first wild record outside J & K.
And our website
Trifolium campestre Schreb.
Large Hop clover 


 

 

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Trifolium campestre Schreb., J. Sturm, Deutschl. Fl. Abt. 1(Heft 16): t. 253. 1804
Common names: great hop trefoil, hop clover, hop trefoil, large hop clover

Annual erect or ascending herb with pinnately trifoliate leaves; stipules up to 8 mm long, adnate to prtiole for half its length; lateral leaflets sessile, terminal on 3-7 mm long stalk, leaflets obovate8-15 mm long, margin entire in lower part, serrate in upper part; flowers yellow in globose to cylindical head-like racemes on up to 3 cm long peduncle; pedicel 1-2 mm long; calyx white, 2-3 mm long; corolla yellow, persistent, turning brown in fruit.

The plant is useful fodder, but less commonly cultivated, usually growing naturally.


nice colors


References:

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