Swertia chirayita (Roxb.) H. Karst., Deut. Fl. 1025. 1883 Mar (C. B. Clarke in J. D. Hooker, Fl. Brit. India 4:124. 1883 Jun “chirata“) (Syn: =) Gentiana chirata Wall., orth. var.; (≡) Gentiana chirayita Roxb. (basionym); (=) Swertia chirata (Roxb.) Buch.-Ham. ex C. B. Clarke, orth. var.);

Common name: Chirayita • Hindi: चिरायत Chirayata, Charaita, Chirata • Marathi: Charayatah, Chirayita • Tamil: Nilavembu, Shirattakuchi, Anariyatittam • Malayalam: Kiriyatta, Kiriyattu, Nilaveppa, Uttarakiriyattu • Telugu: Nelavemu • Kannada: Nelabevu • Urdu: Chiraita shireen • Sanskrit: Anaryatikta, Ardhatikta, Bhunimba, Chiratika
 
Tall herb reaching 1.5 m, obscurely angled;cauline leaves subsessile, elliptic, 4-6 cm long, 5-nerved, lower much longer and often petiolate; flowers on short pedicels in large panicles, 4-merous; calyx lobes lanceolate, 5-7 mm long; corolla lurid green-yellow with ovate 6-7 mm long lobes, with purple veins, each lobe with 2 green glandular depressions at base, each fringed by white or pink hairs; filaments free; capsule 6-9 mm long.  
 

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Campanulaceae & Gentianaceae Week: Gentianaceae-Swertia chirayita (Roxb. ex Fleming) Karsten from Chakrata: Swertia chirayita (Roxb. ex Fleming) Karsten, ; Deutsche Fl. 1025 (1883)

syn: Gentiana chirayta Roxb. ; Swertia chirata (Wall.) Clarke
Tall herb reaching 1.5 m, obscurely angled;cauline leaves subsessile, elliptic, 4-6 cm long, 5-nerved, lower much longer and often petiolate; flowers on short pedicels in large panicles, 4-merous; calyx lobes lanceolate, 5-7 mm long; corolla lurid green-yellow with ovate 6-7 mm long lobes, with purple veins, each lobe with 2 green glandular depressions at base, each fringed by white or pink hairs; filaments free; capsule 6-9 mm long.
Photographed from Chakrata Deovan Herbal Garden in September.


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Perhaps you missed the close up. I am doing it for you.

 

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Campanulaceae & Gentianaceae Week: Unid Swertia from Chakrata 2011:  This one is another Swertia we encountered during our trip to Chakrata region…hope to get the identity resolved…

I hope Swertia chiryata


I think u r right Sir S chiryata


Campanulaceae & Gentianaceae Fortnight: Gentianaceae-Swertia chirayita (Roxb. ex Fleming) Karsten from Chakrata-GSJUL21 : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (2).

Swertia chirayita (Roxb. ex Fleming) Karsten, ; Deutsche Fl. 1025 (1883) 

syn:  Gentiana chirayta Roxb. ; Swertia chirata (Wall.) Clarke
Tall herb reaching 1.5 m, obscurely angled;cauline  leaves subsessile, elliptic, 4-6 cm long, 5-nerved, lower much longer and often petiolate; flowers on short pedicels in large panicles, 4-merous; calyx lobes lanceolate, 5-7 mm long; corolla lurid green-yellow with ovate 6-7 mm long lobes, with purple veins, each lobe with 2 green glandular depressions at base, each fringed by white or pink hairs; filaments free; capsule 6-9 mm long.
Photographed from Chakrata Deovan Herbal Garden in September. 

 

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This herb which is regarded as medicinally significant was shot from Herbal Nursery at Deoban, Chakrata.. not common in wild..
Swertia chirayita


Yes, important medicinal plant. Known as “Chirayata’ and “Kirat Tikta“, much used in Ayurveda.


 

Swertia chirayita (Roxb. ex Fleming) Karsten from Chakrata:  Swertia chirayita (Roxb. ex Fleming) Karsten, ; Deutsche Fl. 1025 (1883)

syn: Gentiana chirayta Roxb. ; Swertia chirata (Wall.) Clarke
Tall herb reaching 1.5 m, obscurely angled;cauline leaves subsessile, elliptic, 4-6 cm long, 5-nerved, lower much longer and often petiolate; flowers on short pedicels in large panicles, 4-merous; calyx lobes lanceolate, 5-7 mm long; corolla lurid green-yellow with ovate 6-7 mm long lobes, with purple veins, each lobe with 2 green glandular depressions at base, each fringed by white or pink hairs; filaments free; capsule 6-9 mm long. 
Photographed from Chakrata Deovan Herbal Garden in September.



Cassia for id 050110MK3: (mixed thread). No correct images. 


as children my aunt would give us Chiraita water for two months — chaitra and baisakh — it used to be very bitter and she would give kala chana soaked overnight to eat / chew alongside – and she would ensure that we had it in front of her as she said it is a good tonic — no way could yu avoid not having it — she knew about bhingaraj leaves — she told us how to recognize and its habitat — good for hair and dandruff – this we enthusiastically learnt as it was good for hair beauty —
I want to know the botanical name of charaita and what is it good for — look forward to yur reply


.. Chirita, botanically it is Andrographis paniculata of Acanthaceae here in Karnataka.. We also call it as Chirayata Kaddi

.. But Chirita, indeed is a complex.. often reffered for so many plants include Chirita hamosa of Gentianaceae..
I heard that … from Agharkara Research Institute, Pune had worked on Chirirta complex..
So anyone from ARI .. could you respond..?


The botanical name of Chiraita is Swertia chirata but in Central India specially in Chhattisgarh Bhuineem or Kalmegh i.e. Andrographis paniculata is also known as Chiraita. In Bengal it is known as Alui. In Chhattisgarh the Traditional Healers use this herb both externally as well as internally. It is specially used in fever. It is collected in bulk from forest and supplied to different parts of India as drug source. Due to over exploitation, now its area is decreasing at alarming rates. This decrease is directly and indirectly affecting the Traditional Healing practices and public health.
I have contributed thousands of pages on this herb. Please visit pankajoudhia.com for more information.


… perhaps Swertia Chirata
…, please view these two web pages to see if it convinces you.
1) http://www.henriettesherbal.com/eclectic/kings/swertia-chir.html
2) http://herbs.ygoy.com/2009/09/17/what-why-and-how-of-swertia-chirata/


Chiraita as we know traditionally is Swertia chirata. I just looked up the Useful Plants of India, and noted that most Indian names for Andrographis paniculata start with K (similar pronounciation also is sometimes attributed to ch): Sans: Kirata; Hindi: Kirayat; Beng: Kalmegh; Guj: Kariyatu; in other it starts with N Tlg and Tam: Nelavemu; Kan: Nelaberu; Mal: Nelavepu.

  

Swertia chirayita (Chiretta of commerce) has been assessed as Critically Endangered in Himachal Pradesh. I am happy to share that I have recorded two locations, one in District Sirmour and the other in District Kullu, having a few wild individuals of the species. My efforts at locating the species from Mashobra near Shimla (herbarium specimen collected from the site long back and deposited in PU, Chandigarh) have met with no success. The species (with seed brought from north-east India) has been taken up for multiplication by the UHF, Nauni (Solan). The accompanying photograph of flowering branch is from the nursery plant. The photograph showing vegetative parts is from wild population.


Nice images.. this is more pleasing to know that you have been able to see this wild.. I always wished to see the open flowers, as we could not get them..


We were lucky to get flowers from Herbal Garden in Deovan Chakrata.


 

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