Eulophia epidendraea (J.König ex Retz.) C.E.C.Fisch., Fl. Madras 1434 1928. (Syn: Aerobion carinatum Spreng.; Alismorkis carinata (Willd.) Kuntze; Angraecum carinatum (Willd.) Kostel.; Calanthe carinata (Willd.) Lindl.; Eulophia carinata (Willd.) Lindl.; Eulophia epidendroides (Willd.) Schltr.; Eulophia virens (Roxb.) Spreng.; Eulophia viridiflora Steud. [Invalid]; Eulophus carinatus (Willd.) R.Br.; Eulophus virens (Roxb.) R.Br.; Graphorkis virens (Roxb.) Kuntze; Limodorum carinatum Willd.; Limodorum epidendroides Willd.; Limodorum variegatum Lam.; Limodorum virens Roxb.; Serapias epidendraea J.König ex Retz.);




040219BHAR01 : 5 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (4) – 1 Mb each.

Found in Maagaanium Reserved forest , Kanchipuram district near Chennai.
I just ignored it was Blepharis sp. at first.

Appears to be some Orchid? 

Looks like Eulophia graminea

As it was found on land or ground any chance for:
I was rechecking. I think this is more close to Eulophia epidendraea. Sorry for wrong id. Some believe epidendraea and graminea to be same, but they are different.

Thank you for the clarification. Any methods to propagate inside forest itself without disturbing the parent plant. Of around 💯 acres only one plant;rare to see….

If you can find at least two plants, then you can cross them and let it fruit.

That’s the best you can do with at least two plants.
Overall epidendreae is not supposed to be so uncommon.

The fact is it’s uncommon.

In whole forest I found only one, due to degradation by planting Eucalyptus, grazing…



Orchid ID.: Please healp me to identify this orchid sp. I think this sp. is Eulophia pauciflora Guillaumin but Eulophia pauciflora is not reported from India.
Picks taken from 1200m Msl. a rocky mountain of Assam.
Plants with small round bulb, 30-40 cm high with two leaves; inflorescnce 30-40 cm long sometimes more. Flowering time: July.

Three times happy. I will check for this, but this is surely not Eulophia pauciflora.

Please share more pics, does it have spur? leaves? etc.

Please also consider Tainia!! If you have not checked pollinia.

If I was to make a guess then I would have gone for Eulophia epidendraea but I cant see the spur. More pics will be needed to confirm and also the vegetative part if it was seen.




plant for id – Tamil Nadu – NAW-OCT15-01 : 17 posts by 6 authors. Attachments (2)

Kindly identify this plant found lying on a path in the forest near Tiruvannamalai, Tamil Nadu.

May it be an orchid?

don’t know but did you plant it out after rescuing it? lets see what emerges

It is a pseudobulb of an orchid. The scars are nodes, where the leaves were attached,

The genus cannot be identified. It may be a Dendrobium or Coelogyne.

Wow, surely an orchid but which one.

Could be Phaius or Calanthe as they have corms above soil and hence they are usually green or pale green. But cant be confirmed from these pics. These can be planted and may be next year they will give flowers and leaves both.

Could it be Eulophia graminea of some other species?

Yes could very well be Eulophia graminea or any other member from Cymbideae tribe.

Thanks, …
I just checked my thesis and what I had collected from the grassy foothills of Tiruvannamalai was Eulophea epidendraea (with similar looking pseudobulbs).
It is called as ‘Pirappan kizhangu’ in Tamil.

The local Malayali tribes make a paste out of these fleshy pseudobulbs and apply externally for treating sprains and swellings.

Many Eulophia are used as salep infact in Himalayas they used Eulophia dabia as salep and because of that the plant almost went extinct untill i found a small population spread in sandy river floor in the Shivaliks in Rajaji National Park in 2010. I didnt publish it because people will know and they will really make it extinct.

My friend … has seen Eulophia spectabilis corms on sale in Maharastra in some places. They all use it for medicine.

This is a bulb of some ground orchids

SO … this bulb in the picture i mean pseudo bulb in the pictures. should have been replanted ? yes??? Should they get it on the red list ?

Its not necessary to get every thing on redlist or the redlist looses its importance. Right now we dont even know the identity.

But yes, what I meant was, if replanted, this may flower next year and it will help in identification.

Taking it to be an orchid, the initial response was to plant it on wood assuming it to be an epiphyte. but thru the Gurukula Botanical Sanctuary, Wayanad, we got an tentative identification of this being a ground orchid, possibly Eulophia epidendraea. Subsequently, it has been replanted in a leaf manure based soil mix, yesterday. Now we wait to see how the orchid responds. By “we” I mean the nursery at “The Forest Way” in Tiruvannamalai, TN, where im volunteering presently.

great. lets hope and keep our fingers crossed it survives and flourishes. what else do you find interesting at that place of volunteering?
ps i just found the website … important labor of love


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