Bulbophyllum haniffii Carr, Gard. Bull. Straits Settlem. 7: 20 (1932).
Epicranthes haniffii (Carr) Garay & W.Kittr., Bot. Mus. Leafl. 30: 184 (1985 publ. 1986). 
Common Name: Hannif’s Bulbophyllum.
Distribution: China, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Malaysia

ORCHIDACEAE: Bulbophyllum haniffii Carr from Hong Kong.: Bulbophyllum haniffii Carr, Gard. Bull. Straits Settlem. 7: 20 (1932).

Epicranthes haniffii (Carr) Garay & W.Kittr., Bot. Mus. Leafl. 30: 184 (1985 publ. 1986).

Distribution: China, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Malaysia
Current pic was taken in the live collection at KFBG, Hong Kong.

There are few things to remember before understanding what things can scare insects. Firstly insects cant see dull colours. So insect will see the flower more prominently than what you assume looks like spider. Actually it doesnt look like spider. It is movable and with blow of wind it flickers, giving look of another insect or larvae. So secondly there are insects which feed on other small moving insects to
which it resemble. So now two types of fly can be attracted to this flower and they may be pollinators.
Another interesting thing are those glands on the labellum. They are very shiny and hence it looks like resin or oil or nectar to those insects which collect these. Hence they are third kind of insects which will get attracted to this flower.
But yes, right now I have no idea what pollinates this plant.
This also to notice why actually plant giving so much effort to attract three different types of insects? The answer is because the number of flower is only one. It will put in as much effort as it can to get it pollinated, by hook or by crook !!!

These are the glands I was talking about. Sorry pictures are not good as they were not taken from my camera and flowers were very small.

Thanks for the lesson in pollinators …
So now, is someone studying this or going to… what aspect of this species are you studying?

Interesting topic for some enterprising grad student, eh?
time lapse photography may answer it if this flower is growing in a garden under open air (ie available to all insects)… etc etc…
Just to make this interesting… I’ll let in on a medical secret…
its more like an observation secret, if its a secret at all…
to me the grey/dark/dull linear things look like a spider , in the thumbnail esp…
while to your eyes they do not look like a spider…
that’s ok… because of this riddle…
heres’ the puzzle or the secret… once you have deciphered the pattern…
your eyes adjust to what you have perceived… and your visual cortex 
will not go back too easily to any other image of the same object…

are you familiar with the images pixalated.. printed in 2d … that if you stare at it long enough
floats a 3d image… once you have seen the 3d image 
and your visual cortex has made the image its very difficult NOT to see the 3D image…

your eye-brain will not allow you to see the virgin 2D image for at least a few hours…

Same is true of those books :
where in a complicated picture we are asked: where in the world is Waldo…
have you seen those books?
once you locate Waldo in a particular picture…
you will always find him no matter how many days later you go back to the same page..
so the novelty of that page is gone… your visual cortex has already formed an image…

I typed all this not to bore you or to argue…
but since you are a scientist I figured you’ll appreciate it…

I understand your point. It is same as making patterns in the cloud. If you see a rabbit there, you will always be able to find it others wont 🙂

I deal with Orchid taxonomy, phylogenetics, population genetics, pollination biology, tissue culture, mycorrhizae culture, GIS application etc.

Ideally if one has to study pollination, then it should be done with the native species. This B. hanniffii is not found in HK so we shouldnt do it here. We have been using time lapse photography to capture pollinators of our other roject plant, Bulbophyllum bicolor which is supposed to be endemic to HK so I know the tools and
techniques and we also have got good results with it.

It is indeed a n interesting topic for those who like to study pollination but unfortunately, in India, we have not much advances in this field.





ORCHIDACEAE Juss. Fortnight: Bulbophyllum haniffii Carr from Hong Kong, PKS-154 Attachments (2). 3 posts by 3 authors.

Bulbophyllum haniffii Carr, Gard. Bull. Straits Settlem. 7: 20 (1932).

Epicranthes haniffii (Carr) Garay & W.Kittr., Bot. Mus. Leafl. 30: 184 (1985 publ. 1986).

Distribution: China (S. Yunnan) to Pen. Malaysia

Amazing… Beautiful Shots..



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