Lippia alba (Mill.) N.E.Br. ex Britton & P.Wilson, Bot. Porto Rico 6: 141 1925. (Syn: Camara alba (Mill.) Kuntze; Lantana alba Mill.; Lantana alba f. rubella Moldenke; Lantana cuneatifolia Klotzsch ex Walp.; Lantana geminata (Kunth) Spreng.; Lantana lippioides Hook. & Arn. [Illegitimate]; Lantana malabarica Hayek; Lantana mollissima Desf.; Lantana odorata (Pers.) Weigelt ex Cham. [Illegitimate]; Lippia alba var. carterae Moldenke …..; Lippia asperifolia Poepp. ex Cham.; Lippia carterae (Moldenke) G.L.Nesom; Lippia citrata Willd. ex Cham.; Lippia crenata Sessé & Moc.; Lippia geminata Kunth .; Lippia globiflora (L’Hér.) Kuntze ….; Lippia havanensis Turcz.; Lippia lantanifolia F.Muell.; Lippia lantanoides (Lam.) Herter [Illegitimate]; Lippia lantanoides J.M.Coult. [Illegitimate]; Lippia obovata Sessé & Moc.; Lippia panamensis Turcz.; Lippia unica Ramakr.; Verbena globiflora L’Hér.; Verbena globulifera Spreng.; Verbena lantanoides (Lam.) Willd. ex Spreng.; Zapania globiflora (L’Hér.) Willd.; Zappania geminata (Kunth) Gibert; Zappania globiflora (L’Hér.) Juss.; Zappania lantanoides Lam.; Zappania odorata Pers.);
Trop. & Subtrop. America as per WCSP;
Andaman Is.; Argentina Northeast; Argentina Northwest; Assam; Bahamas;
Bangladesh; Belize; Bolivia; Brazil North; Brazil Northeast; Brazil South;
Brazil Southeast; Brazil West-Central; Cayman Is.; Central American Pac;
Colombia; Costa Rica; Cuba; Dominican Republic; Ecuador; El Salvador; Florida;
French Guiana; Guatemala; Guyana; Haiti; Honduras; India; Jamaica; Leeward Is.;
Mexico Central; Mexico Gulf; Mexico Northeast; Mexico Northwest; Mexico
Southeast; Mexico Southwest; Nicaragua; Panam; Paraguay; Peru; Portugal; Puerto
Rico; Queensland; Southwest Caribbean; Suriname; Texas; Trinidad-Tobago;
Turks-Caicos Is.; Uruguay; Venezuela; Venezuelan Antilles; Windward Is.
as per Catalogue of Life;
 
Lippia: Spreading shrubs, hairs simple. spikes elongate, style sublateral, fruit wall thin, corolla tube much protruding
Lanatana: Spreading Shrubs, hairs simple, Spikes dense,  style sublateral, fruit wall fleshy, corolla tube not protruding much
Phyla: Prostrate herbs, hairs medifixed, spikes dense, style terminal, fruit wall thin, corolla tube not protruding much.
 
Lantana may easily be distinguished by its stem and leaves being harshly pubescent


Lippia alba (Mill.) N. E. Br. and L. javanica are two different species though often confused, especially our Bengal specimens.
Lippia gemminata Kunth is a synonym of L. alba
Material of Lippia alba is often confused with Lantana indica, and can be conclusively differentiated on the basis of fruit being fleshy in Lantana indica and dry in Lippia alba. 
 
 


Lippia alba is a species of flowering plant in the verbena family, Verbenaceae, that is native to southern Texas in the United States,[2] Mexico, the Caribbean, Central America, and South America.  

Common names include Bushy Matgrass,[1] Bushy Lippia, Hierba Negra,[2] and Pitiona.[3]
It is a multi-branched shrub, reaching a height of 1.5 m (4.9 ft). Leaves measure 1 to 3 cm (0.39 to 1.2 in) in length and 0.9 to 2 cm (0.35 to 0.79 in) in width and are opposite or in threes. Flowers with white, pink, or light blue-purple corollas form on spikes 2 cm (0.79 in) long.[4]  
Bushy Lippia is widely cultivated as an ornamental for its aromatic foliage and beautiful flowers.[2] The essential oil composition is unique to each plant, but may include piperitone, geranial, neral, caryophyllene, camphor, eucalyptol, limonene, carvone, germacrene, α-guaiene, β-ocimene, linalool, or myrcene.[4] The leaves are used for flavoring foods,[5] such as mole sauces from Oaxaca, Mexico.[6] The plant is used medicinally for its somatic, sedative, antidepressant, and analgesic properties.[7]  
(From Wikipedia on 9.5.13)  


 

 

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Hooghly Today : Lippia geminata H. B. & K. (of Bengal Plants) : 4 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (6).  
I have an earlier post 

Noticed … post
Fl. Br. Ind.,vol.4 p564 = “So closely resembling Lantana indica that without fruit it is difficult to distinguish….”
How does Lantana indica look –
How does Lippia geminata look –
According to Fl. Br. Ind., Lantana indica common on the river banks of Bengal.
The plant in this thread is very common on the bank of ponds, also on roadside


One more picture to show that weeds are very useful. 


As usual very nice presentation depicting all the characters of the plant

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Attaching images of what looks like Lippia alba (Mill.) N.E.Br. ex Britton & P.Wilson (Syn. Lantana alba).
Date :23/11/2012
Location: Guwahati [Dist- Kamrup(Metro)]
Family : Verbenaceae
Genus & species : Lippia alba (Mill.) N.E.Br. ex Britton & P.Wilson (Syn. Lantana alba)
Habitat: Grows wild on road side
Habit :Herb
Inflorescence : Spicate head
Flower : Light pink in colour
Fruits :not seen

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IDENTITY: 29 : Attachments (1).  5 posts by 4 authors.

Attaching the image of a shrub. It is seen hear near water body. The leaves on crushing emits strong smell.

The smell reminds one of the smell of Lantana camara. Can this be some species of Lantana?


I think, this is Lippia alba


As said by … it is: Lippia alba (Mill.) N.E.Br. ex Britton & P.Wilson, a plant from the family Verbanaceae (the family of Lantana), thus may have a similar odour.


I think it is Lippia alba


 

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SYMBIOSIS : 348 :  Attachments (1). 1 post by 1 author.
Attaching an image of a Lime Butterfly on the flowers of Lippia alba.

 

 

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Fwd: Lantana sp. ID-02 24/02/2012 Hooghly (WB) SK : Attachments (4).  7 posts by 3 authors.
This seems to me to be another species of Lantana. Unlike L. camara it is not erect and the flowers are much smaller.
Species : Lantana sp. ?
Date : 23-02-2012, 10 29 A.M.
Place : Nalikul (Hooghly), West Bengal


…, the flowers of your plant reminds me Phyla / Lippia species. I may be wrong. Let’s wait for more comments.


Lippia geminata I suppose


 

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Weed for ID 25072013 CS1 :  Attachments (3). 8 posts by 5 authors.

I have seen this weed both on Ghagharaghat and Pusa. I remember seeing a similar photo earlier on this forum but was unable to trace it.


Please check Lippia alba or Lippia javanica of Verbenaceae. It has essential oil and good medicinal properties.


In my place i know (id help eFI) this plant as Lippia geminata H. B. & K. (L. alba ?), as in –
and L. javanica – 

I would have conveniently passed this off (and may have in my database) as Lantana indica, and as I went through the attached manuscript learnt a few things. 

Lippia: Spreading shrubs, hairs simple. spikes elongate, style sublateral, fruit wall thin, corolla tube much protruding
Lanatana: Spreading Shrubs, hairs simple, Spikes dense,  style sublateral, fruit wall fleshy, corolla tube not protruding much
Phyla: Prostrate herbs, hairs medifixed, spikes dense, style terminal, fruit wall thin, corolla tube not protruding much.
Lippia alba (Mill.) N. E. Br. and L. javanica are two different species though often confused, especially our Bengal specimens.
Lippia gemminata Kunth is a synonym of L. alba
Material of Lippia alba is often confused with Lantana indica, and can be conclusively differentiated on the basis of fruit being fleshy in Lantana indica and dry in Lippia alba
Yet to find differences between L. alba and L. javanica.


Seems to be Lippia alba


Thank you … for the detailed explanation. What I observed was the leaves of this plant was softer than the rough ones of Lantana. I searched the attached manuscript for a similar description and found this.
Lantana may easily be distinguished by its stem and leaves being harshly pubescent” 

From the discussions should I take this to be Lippia alba. I do remember an earlier thread on this plant on EFI


I attach screenshots, of descriptions of Lantana indica Roxb. and Lippia geminata H. B, & K., from “Botany of Bihar & Orissa” (H. H. Haines).
Please note, distribution, specially corolla lobes in the above two taxa, in addition to leaf, corolla tube, bract, spike, stem description.
Illustrations of both the taxa –
Here attached images are Lippia alba (Mill.) N.E.Br. ex Britton & P.Wilson.


nice pics. I believe you but why is this not Lantana involucrata?


 

 

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Help in identifying a different species of Lantana : 7 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (2)- 2 Mb or more.

Lantana


Yes Lantana of family verbenaceae 

Lantana

It is difficult to see the colour in the picture here. If it is creeping plant and colour is mauve, it is lantana sellowiana.

Where and when was it clicked ?
Pl. check Lippia alba. To me appears close.

Thanks a lot sir, i checked it. You are right its lippia alba.


 

 

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Fwd: SYMBIOSIS : 1147 : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (1)
Here is a collage of Peacock Pansy visiting flowers of Lippia alaba.

Very nice. Lippia alba and the butterflies

 

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Unknown herb :  Attachments (3). 9 posts by 4 authors.
found this herb in the village of Basuldanga yesterday.
Please check out its cluster of tiny mauve flowers……


I think its some member of Verbenaceae….
because the flowers resemble Lantana flowers to some extent.


Lantana camara


This is Lantana salvifolia Jacq. syn L. indica Roxb.


thanks for correcting me …


Lantana salviifolia to be precise, with double “ii”. Does this have a eucalyptus type smell. I remember seeing similar plant during my field work, but it had white flowers and very strong Eucalyptus smell.
I just checked. Fl. Brit. India, 4: 562. Hooker had one more variety, Lantana indica var. albiflora. May be thats what I have seen.
Thanks for the id …


Thanks a lot  for the ID of the species…


i forgot to smell the flowers of the shrub…
but the species was new to me. I have never seen it in my locality.
But there were many such plants in that abandoned field of Basuldanga village…
the species of Lantana which is generally found in and around Kolkata is L.camara with clusters containing small flowers of different colours.
I would post pics of other interesting shrubs soon…


You are always welcome to contribute the pics. I always intend to add some more information to whatever is added here and of course correct if there is any information which is wrong. … is one of the respectful persons I have known (not personally yet).
I was surprised to find this plant all of a sudden inside our own colony where i have spent my whole life and I knew the id, but the colour confused me a bit. Lantana though a small group interests me a lot, because one species is a havoc whereas other species like this is so rare……why so….. I have no answers yet.
Thanks for sharing, I love all your contributions, as a member and as a person too. 


I think Lantana camara subsp. aculeata and not Lantana indica as per images and details herein.


On further checking, it appears to be Lippia alba and not Lantana indica as per images and details herein.


References:

Catalogue of Life  WCSP  The Plant List Ver.1.1  GRIN  Wikipedia  Indian Medicinal Plants: An Illustrated Dictionary edited by C.P. Khare  Lippia geminata H. B. & K. – SpringerReference  Plant illustration

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