Hyoscyamus albus L., Sp. Pl. 180 1753. (Syn: Hyoscyamus canariensis Ker Gawl. ; Hyoscyamus clusii G.Don ; Hyoscyamus luridus Salisb. ; Hyoscyamus major Mill. ; Hyoscyamus minor Mill. ; Hyoscyamus varians Vis. );
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Macaronesia, Medit. to N. Iraq and Arabian Peninsula: Albania, Algeria, Azores, Baleares, Bulgaria, Canary Is., Corse, Cyprus, East Aegean Is., Egypt, France, Greece, Iraq, Italy, Kriti, Krym, Lebanon-Syria, Libya, Madeira, Morocco, Palestine, Portugal, Romania, Sardegna, Saudi Arabia, Sicilia, Spain, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Ukraine, Yemen, Yugoslavia; Introduced: Czechoslovakia, India, Queensland, Tasmania, Victoria as per POWO;
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All parts of the plant are very toxic [7, 10, 19, 65, 76, 200]. Symptoms of poisoning include impaired vision, convulsions, coma and death from heart or respiratory failure[238]
Henbane has a very long history of use as a medicinal herb, and has been widely cultivated to meet the demand for its use[4]. It is used extensively as a sedative and pain killer and is specifically used for pain affecting the urinary tract, especially when due to kidney stones[254]. Its sedative and antispasmodic effect makes it a valuable treatment for the symptoms of Parkinson’s disease, relieving tremor and rigidity during the early stages of the disease[254]. This species is generally considered the best for internal use, whilst the black henbane (H. niger) is the form most used externally[4]. All parts of the plant, but especially the leaves and the seeds, can be used – they are anodyne, antispasmodic, mildly diuretic, hallucinogenic, hypnotic, mydriatic, narcotic and sedative[4, 9, 13, 21, 100, 165, 192, 218]. The plant is used internally in the treatment of asthma, whooping cough, motion sickness, Meniere’s syndrome, tremor in senility or paralysis and as a pre-operative medication[238]. Henbane reduces mucous secretions, as well as saliva and other digestive juices[254]. Externally, it is used as an oil to relieve painful conditions such as neuralgia, dental and rheumatic pains[238, 254].The leaves should be harvested when the plant is in full flower and they can then be dried for later use[4]. This is a very poisonous plant that should be used with great caution, and only under the supervision of a qualified practitioner[21, 238]. See the notes above on toxicity. The seed is used in the treatment of asthma, cough, epilepsy, myalgia and toothache[218].
S.Europe
(From PFAF)
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Flora of Haryana: Hyoscyamus albus L. from CCSHAU Farms Hisar:

Hyoscyamus albus L. from CCSHAU Farms Hisar
Solanaceae
pls validate

Awesome set of pictures … This time all flowering parts are clearly visible. there is no need of writing the characteristics separately.


I am also attaching few of mine pics of Hyoscyamus albus from the same place (of the same individual in fact)



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Solanaceae Fortnight:: Hyoscyamus albus- from HAU-NS Feb 60/60 : 3 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (5)
This hirsute herb was found growing in Herbal Garden of HAU, Hissar..
Please validate the id as Hyoscyamus albus


Interesting upload



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References:

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