Pittosporum napaulense (DC.) Rehder & E.H. Wilson, Pl. Wilson. 3(2): 326 326 1916. (Syn: Celastrus verticillata Roxb.; Pittosporum floribundum Wight & Arn.; Pittosporum napaulense var. rawalpindiense Gowda; Pittosporum verticillatum Wall.; Senacia napaulensis DC.);
China (W-Yunnan), SE-Tibet, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Nepal, Pakistan (Rawalpindi), Pakistani Kashmir (Mirpur), Jammu & Kashmir (Jammu), Sikkim, Myanmar [Burma] (Chin, Mandalay, Shan), India (widespread) as per Catalogue of Life;
Common name: Golden Fragrance • Hindi: raini, tumri • Kannada: ekkadi • Malayalam: Kasumaram • Marathi: vehkali, vehyenti, vikhari, yekadi • Nepali: Khorsane • Telugu: chettu kasind, rakamuki Assamese : Shi-ing, Dieng-mulo; English: Cheesewood; Ginger tree; HindiRaini, Bagh Muta, Tumri, Kisan Kannada: Ekkadi, Tammatha; Khasi:  Dieng-duma; Dieng Thyllong; TamilKattu Sampangi; MarYekkuddy, Yekadia, Vikhari

Shrubs or small trees, about 2-8 m tall. Bark pale grey or grayish brown, warty with many lenticels, branchlets verticellate to subverticellate. Leaves simple, alternate or whorled or usually clustered towards the tips of branchlets, lanceolate-oblong to oblanceolate-oblong, about 5-20 x 2-8 cm across, base cuneate, margin entire or slightly wavy, reflexed when dried, apex acute or abruptly acuminate, coriaceous or subcoriaceous, glabrous, midrib impressed above and slightly prominent beneath, lateral veins about 7-11 pairs, midrib impressed above and slightly prominent beneath, oblique, petiole canaliculated, about 1-3 cm long, stipules absent. Inflorescence in pedunculate terminal or pseudoterminal paniculately compound umbels, corymbs or paniculate, peduncles glandular pubescent or tomentose with cream or brown hairs, up to 3.5 cm long, bracteoles ovate-oblong, margin ciliate or not, about 1.5-2.5 mm long. Flowers bisexual, pale yellow, fragrant, buds oblong, about 6-8 mm across, pedicels about 6-7 mm long, sepals 5, subequal, ovate-oblong, slightly connate at the base, margins minutely ciliate or glabrous, apex subacute, about 3 x 1 mm across, petals 5, linear oblong, apex obtuse, about 5-7 x 2 mm across. Stamens 5, free, alternate to petals, filaments glabrous, about 4 mm long, anthers sagittate, dorsifixed, oblong, about 1.5 mm long, ovary superior, usually stipitate, appressed brownish pubescent, about 3 mm across, carpels 2-5, ovules 8, unilocular or incompletely 2-5 locular with pariental placentae usually equaling the number of carpels, styles glabrous, about 1 mm long, stigma capitate. Fruit capsule, globose, transversely ribbed, style persistent, dehiscing with 2 valves, about 6-8 mm long, yellowish orange, black when dried, pericarp hard woody, fragrant. Seeds 4-8, oblong-ovoid, about 2-3 mm across, irregularly compressed, embedded with glutinous, resinous, scarlet pulp.

Evergreen to deciduous forests.
Asia: India: Andhra Pradesh, Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Bihar, Delhi, Goa, Gujarat, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Karnataka, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, Odisha, Pondicherry, Punjab, Rajasthan, Sikkim, Tamil Nadu, Tripura, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal, Nepal
(Attributions- Ganeshaiah, K. N., UAS, Bangalore, India.; Kailash, B. R., ATREE, Bangalore, India.; Royal Norwegian Embassy grants. Indian Bioresource Information Network (IBIN), Department of Biotechnology, New Delhi)



TREE ID—- 17th DECEMBER 2011.——-S.S.——023—-N. OF GANTOK:  2 images.

Please can someone id this shrub/ tree.
Pic taken on 8th April 2011.
Just North of GANTOK. SIKKIM. (before the Seven Sisters Waterfall)
Habitat…. Wild besides the road. OR possibly planted near a viewing area.
Tree maybe a large shrub
Flowers … yellow. See pic.

Any chance of Pittosporum napaulense or Psychotria sp.?

That is really interesting …
I have been reading up about Pittosporum napaulense.
I am so cross that my pics are not clearer. They do not show enough detail.
But it does look very similar.
I hope someone will be able to confirm.

Sir it is more look like as Pittosporum napaulense

I wish now I had tried to smell the flowers. They are said to be very fragrant.
That would have been conclusive proof.


Location : Dampui, near Mamit

Date : 03-05-2016
Habit : Small to medium-sized evergreen tree
Habitat : Wild
Mizo : Kak-phek

Efi page available at

Appears close as per images at Pittosporum napaulense. But I was worried about the leaves and inflorescence.
However,  BSI Flora of India says “This is a highly variable species in size and shape of leaves and inflorescence.”

Other recipients:
I guess correct ID. Thank you. Saroj Kasaju
I guess correct ID.

MS Dec, 2019/ 03 Pittosporum sp. for ID : 6 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (4)
Location : Phulpui, Mizoram
Altitude : ca 300 m.
Date : 21-12-2019
Habit : Small to medium-sized evergreen tree ?
Habitat : Wild

Pl. check Pittosporum napaulense
What are the species reported in your area ?

Correct ID …!
Nepali Names : खोर्साने Khorsane/ फुर्के Phurke

Thanks sir. What is the altitudinal range of P. napaulense ?


Pittosporum napaulense & P. podocarpum are recorded in Mizoram

Looks different from other species i.e. Pittosporum podocarpum mentioned by … as per Flora of China and GBIF

MS May,16/09 Tree for ID : 4 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (1)

Location : Zotlang, Mizoram
Date : 03/05/2016
Habit : Middle-sized tree
Habitat : Wild

Check family Pittosporaceae

Pittosporum species in eFloraofindia (with details/ keys from published papers/ regional floras/ FRLHT/ FOI/ Biotik/ efloras/ books etc., where ever available on net) 

Appears close to images at Pittosporum napaulense (DC.) Rehder & E.H. Wilson

SK 2437 06 February 2020 : 8 posts by 3 authors. 2 images – 3 mb and 307 kb.

Location: Ranibari, Kathmandu
Date: 06 February 2020
Elevation: 1370 m.
Habitat : Wild.
Tall tree about 70-100 ft.(Approx)
Seeds sticky red.

How big was the fruit ?

Attachments (1)

can we look at the tree trunk// bark and even some fallen leaves near the fruits?

Many trees around so could not figure out!

May be some Malvaceae tree.

It looks like matching ! Pittosporum napaulense (DC.) Rehder & E.H.Wilson


Pittosporum species : 3 posts by 2 authors.

Pl. see the fruits at FOI
You posted some fruits like this at forest floor, which could not be identified.
Pl. check.

This is the thread: SK 2437 06 February 2020

Only one Pittosporum napaulense (DC.) Rehder & E. H. Wilson is listed in Nepal.


ID009_tree_bk009 : 7 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (1)- 944 kb.
Help Post to ID attached tree photo
  • Date: Last week of February, 2019
  • Elevation: 1400 masl
  • Habit: Wild
  • Location: Bagmati Province, Central Nepal
  • Stage of Tree: fruiting stage
Thank you in Advance…

Wild guess. May be Pittosporum sp.

Does seeds look like the enclosed image ? If yes then in could be Pittosporum napaulense (DC.) Rehder & Wilson !

Thank you … It is a large tree about 25-30 m height. but Pittosporum sp are mostly shrubs or small trees like…… I have not collected the seeds..
Leaf and fruit Looks like that of Pittosporum sp …. but need to check it..

Thanks, …, for the id.
To me also appears close to images at Pittosporum napaulense (DC.) Rehder & E.H. Wilson as per details herein and as per comparative images at Pittosporum


SK 3820 27 July 2023: 4 images.

Location: Taplejung, East Nepal 
Date: July 2023
Elevation: 1600 m.
Habit : Wild
Images sent by Sajan Subedi

Can it be some Lauraceae member?


Did not find any match

Could be Pittosporum napaulense

Yes … ! Pittosporum napaulense (DC.) Rehder & Wilson






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