Sopubia trifida Buch.-Ham. ex D. Don, Prodr. Fl. Nepal. 88 88 1825. (syn: Gerardia scabra Wall. (ambiguous synonym); Gerardia sopubia (Buch.-Ham. ex D. Don) Benth.; Gerardia wallichiana Steud.; Manulea sopubia Buch.-Ham. ex D. Don; Sopubia obtusifolia G. Don (ambiguous synonym));
Myanmar [Burma] (Mandalay, Shan, Chin), China (Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hunan, Jiangxi, Sichuan, Yunnan), Bhutan, India, Sri Lanka, Darjeeling, Laos, Nepal, Thailand, Vietnam, Philippines (Luzon, Mindoro, Mindanao), Lesser Sunda Isl. (Bali, Sumba, Timor), SW-Sulawesi, New Guinea, Java, Pakistan as per Catalogue of Life;
Calyx teeth are deltoid (not filiform) and as long as tube (longer in S. delphinifolia). The flowers are smaller (1 cm) and of uniform pink colour as compared to S. delphinifolia. S. delphinifolia occurs on dry grasslands.
Sopubia comes under the group where corolla is not bilabiate; tube enlarges at throat. Perfect stamens 4. Calyx ribbed and anthers in pairs 2 celled. (Whereas calyx not ribbed; anthers not in pairs, 1 celled in Rhamphicarpa)
Coming to difference at species level
Calyx teeth filiform, longer than calyx tube … … … …S. delphinifolia
Calyx teeth deltoid-ovate, equalling calyx tube .. … . S. trifida
Common name: Split Leaf Sopubia • Nepali: तिक्ता Tiktaa, साल्चा Saalchaa


Flora of Chakrata 2013-Herb for id from the Area.. : Attachments (4). 8 posts by 5 authors.
This small herb with linear, rough leaves and deep yellow flowers was shot from a grassy location in the area.. hope to find the id…

Some Verbascum sp.??

Thanks a lot … for input…to me also this looked like any Scroph..

Must be a Scrophulariaceae member. May be Sopubia species. Two are known from Uttarakhand- S.trifida and S.delphiniifolia.

Could it be some Lysimachia sp…

Thanks for the response … the corolla tube is disagreeing for either of the Sopubia species.. I am posting a side view for clarifying..

It is sopubia trifida. Nowadays in flowering.


ANNOV14 Please identify this herb : 5 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (5).
Nelliyampathy, Kerala
6th November 2014

Probably Striga sp?

I think it is Sopubia trifida.

Thanks … for this post, I got this plant from Chakrata too..
Please go through the link..
Id was concluded as Sopubia trifida..


Kindly help with identification : 15 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (6)

Kindly help with identification
Herb on grassy slope
Height: upto 2 feet
August 2015

Can it be Sopubia trifida!

I think, it may be Sopubia trifida. Attaching another photograph,
although not a good one.

Basal leaves trifid

Good Find … I also got this from a grassy slope in Chakrata..

This certainly is not Sopubia trifida. Please continue your search

Sopubia species so far in efi
Also see … unidentified thread:  Sopubia species- Chakrata

I think it matches with images at Sopubia trifida & as per FOC illustration (Corolla yellow to purple)

Thank you, respected … for devoting your valuable time on the post and  concluding.

We have in western ghats a dwarf weak herb 20 cm tall with trifid leaves and small, deep purple axillary flowers that I call as S trifida. The plants in North and West seem to vary and do not seem to occur together.

Thanks, … But … has posted yellow flowered plant from Kerala. Pl. see ANNOV14 Please identify this herb

seems to be Sopubia trifida

I also saw it in grassy slopes of Chakrata and in my area at Sangrah. It is definitely Sopubia trifida
Other yellow flower of Myanmar : 6 posts by 3 authors.
I have no idea about this plant with yellow flowers …. not even the family!
Pictures taken on the 22-10-2016, altitude 1260met., To Maing Thauk, Shan State, Myanmar
Thank you in advance for your help in identifying this plant!

Observing this plant I find a habitus of Galium of the family Rubiaceae. I explored this family but without success!
Do you have another idea? Thank you in advance for your answers

Sopubia ??

Sopubia trifida

This is yet another herb seen near Joshimath. This was the only specimen seen with almost dried flower.
Date/Time: 06-08-2012 / 11:55AM

Kindly check Lysimachia sp.

This is Sopubia trifida.


SK 2285 09 November 2019 : 21 posts by 7 authors. Attachments (2)- 2 & 3 mb.

Location:  Harthok, Palpa
Date: 25 September 2019
Elevation: 1460 m.
Habit : Wild

Attachments (3) – 1, 1& 3 mb.

Attachments (1) – 6 mb.

Any chance, a Linum species ?

No match to Linum, …!

We shall find out whatever it is ! It is so beautiful and delicate !!
(Not listed in FOI.)

Sopubia trifida perhaps

Thank you … for the ID !
Sopubia trifida Buch.-Ham. ex D.Don
Nepali Names : तिक्ता Tiktaa/ साल्चा Saalchaa 

O My God !!! This image is unforgettable ! I checked efi and realised my folly !
I had in my mind Sopubia trifida image from Flowers of India, which is most definitely misidentified  !! I hope … will take note !!

Excerpts from book and efc:
Corolla yellow to purple; tube ca. 3 mm; lobes orbicular-obovate, ca. 5 mm, subequal, apex rounded. Filaments ± flattened;
2 images inserted.

Funnily enough, florakarnataka jcb herbarium quotes some old flora page, saying corolla yellow with purple center. And it has 3 photographs with pink tubular flowers !!!
GBIF says it has 3 lower taxa, without giving any detail. Var. madagascarensis is deep pink flower, morphology similar to your specimen.
Just read a paper revising genus sopubia … it says Soubia trifida flowers pink, obviously talking about var. madagascarensis.
Interestingly, I searched posts on S .trifida in Indian Flora… there are 3 types of posts … 1. Parasopubia delphinfolia being identified as S .trifida, 2. Yellow flowered S .trifida same as yours, and 3. there is a pink tubular flower, smaller than flower in Parasoubia delphinfolia without dark throat.
This 3rd one needs to be studied …because it is neither of two, unidentified. 

Interesting indeed … Some expert would advise on this? By the way only one is listed in Nepal.

Nice pics … Please also go through this post which was identified as Sopubia trifida
efi thread

Yes …! I have gone through it !

Thanks … for this upload.
I was not aware that Sopubia trifida is so different from Sopubia delphinifolia.
One of the pics at FoI is mine; I went by the young trifid leaves, which I now realize on reading this post, that the leaves near apex are quite variable compared to basal matured leaves.
Thanks very much … for suggesting the ID; thanks … for pointing to images in FoI; I am sure … will take care of the page.

Thanks … for your upload.
Somehow I must have missed noting your post then.

Just finished page on Sopubia trifida.

It doesn’t have any post with pink flowered S. trifida.
Also, conspicuous by its absence is pink flowered S. trifida in Indian Flora or any other Botany group on facebook.
Question is, does Pink Flowered Sopubia trifida occur in India ?
This link shows pink flowered S. trifida in Madagascar.
This paper is about segregation of Parasopubia from Sopubia and a new taxon and sub-taxa of Parasopubia from Western Ghat with key for species.
This document is revision of Genus Sopubia.
Hope this will be helpful. 

Thanks … and others. I will correct it on FOI.

Identification -details:
Can help me for identifying this

It might be a Verbascum but I’d like to see more images and the basal leaves.

I thought this looks like Linum sp.

Sopubia trifida Buch.-Ham. ex D. Don


Sopubia trifida Buch.-Ham. ex D. Don: 8 very high res. images.

Location: Jumla, West Nepal
Altitude: 2200 m.
Date: 16 August 2021 

Habit : Wild



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