Sagittariatrifolia L., Sp. Pl. 993 1753. (Syn: Sagittariachinensis Sims; Sagittariadoniana Sweet; Sagittariaedulis Schltdl.; Sagittariahastata D.Don [Illegitimate]; Sagittariahirundinacea Blume; Sagittariajaponica H.Vilm.; Sagittarialeucopetala (Miq.) Bergmans; Sagittariamacrophylla Bunge [Illegitimate]; Sagittariaobtusa Thunb. [Illegitimate]; Sagittariasagittata Thunb.; Sagittariasagittifolia var. alismifolia Makino; Sagittaria sagittifolia var. angustifolia Siebold, nom.nud.; Sagittaria sagittifolia f. coerulea Makino; Sagittaria sagittifolia var. diversifolia M.Michel; Sagittaria sagittifolia var. edulis (Schltdl.) Siebold ex Miq.; Sagittaria sagittifolia subsp. leucopetala (Miq.) Hartog; Sagittaria sagittifolia var. leucopetala Miq.; Sagittaria sagittifolia f. longiloba (Turcz.) Regel; Sagittaria sagittifolia var. longiloba Turcz.; Sagittaria sagittifolia f. sinensis (Sims) Makino; Sagittaria sagittifolia var. sinensis (Sims) Makino; Sagittaria sagittifolia f. subaequiloba Regel; Sagittariasinensis Sims; Sagittariatrifolia f. albida Makino; Sagittaria trifolia f. albida Makino; Sagittaria trifolia var. angustifolia Kitag.; Sagittaria trifolia f. caerulea Makino; Sagittaria trifolia var. edulis (Schltdl.) Ohwi ex W.Lee; Sagittaria trifolia f. heterophylla Makino; Sagittaria trifolia subsp. leucopetala (Miq.) Q.F.Wang; Sagittaria trifolia var. leucopetala Miq.; Sagittaria trifolia var. longiloba (Turcz.) Kitag.; Sagittaria trifolia f. longiloba (Turcz.) Makino; Sagittaria trifolia var. retusa J.K.Chen, X.Z.Sun & H.Q.Wang; Sagittaria trifolia var. sinensis (Sims) Makino; Sagittaria trifolia f. subhastata Makino; Sagittaria trifolia f. suitensis Makino; Sagittaria trifolia f. tenuissima Hand.-Mazz.; Sagittaria trifolia var. typica);
Aquatic, glabrous herb with thick stolons bearing tubers at tip. Leaves mostly emerged, upright, sagittate or somewhat hastate, blade ovate or linear-lanceolate and acute; basal lobes triangular or linear-lanceolate, often longer than the blade, sharply acute. Petiole 60-75 cm long, triangular. Inflorescence an unbranched scapose raceme, 30-50 cm long. Flowers in 2-6 whorls of (2-) 3 (-5) flowers each, unisexual, 1-2 cm across, white. Pedicels 8-15 mm long, short in females; bracts triangular-ovate, acute-acuminate. Sepals elliptic, somewhat keeled, margins broadly membranous, reflexed in fruit. Petals broadly elliptic-suborbicular, white, without basal purple spot. Stamens c. 20, filaments lanceolate, 1.5-2 mm long; anthers yellow, oblong, as long as the filaments. Head of achenes subglobose, c. 1 cm across; achenes triangularly obovate, with laterally bent beak. c. 2-3 mm long, wings subcrenate to entire.
Flowering and fruiting: March-April
Swampy areas and paddy fields
India, Europe, North Asia and North America
(Attributions- Dr. N Sasidharan (Dr. B P Pal Fellow), Kerala Forest Research Institute, Peechi
from India Biodiversity Portal)
Sagittaria trifolia L. from Assam: Images of the Sagittaria trifolia L. (Alismataceae).
Location : Dharapur, Dist. Kamrup(Metro), Assam
Time of Collection : 04/03/2009
Habitat : Margin of the waterbody
Habit : Herb
This is a smaller species, from the same place, of the same family I have uploaded yesterday. Photographs were taken from a considerable distance, so cannot provide stats.
Flora of British India describes two species – 1) S. sagittifolia L. and 2) S. guayanensis H. B. & K.
Our group has accepted three species, in addition to above two S. trifolia L.
Would very much appreciate if members/experts provide differences between sagittifolia & trifolia.
However. FoP & FoC has some info.
So has IUCN.
Thanks, Surajit ji,
It appears like Arrowhead (Sagittaria sagittifolia)
Many thanks to …, but strangely enough IUCN doesn’t list India as its geographic range. Perhaps what we have in India is Sagittaria trifolia L. or more precisely S. trifolia ssp. trifolia.
if taxonomists go and retrieve these specimen and classify and declare it to be Sagittaria sagittifolia then IUCN will have to correct its database…
this is what FoP thinks – “It differs from the European and North Asian Sagittaria sagittifolia Linn. in having pure white petals with no basal purple spot, yellow rather than purple anthers, reflexed rather than spreading sepals and very acute rather than blunt tips to the basal lobes of the leaf which are often longer than the blade.”
And this is what FoCthinks – “Most specimens determined as Sagittaria sagittifolia are, in fact, this taxon.“
ok, got the point
Now we have BSI checklist, it says what we have is S. trifolia L., not S. sagittifolia L.
[EfloraofIndia_010212PD03_Sagittaria sagittifolia_Flora of odishs:
Habit: perrenial herb
Habitat: Wild, near river bank.
Place of collection: Ranpur, Nayagarh, Odishsa
This a great photo set !!
Nice pictures indeed.
On searching Wikipedia I found that it is a member of an uncommon family : Alismataceae as mentioned by you.
It is native to wetlands throughout the temperate regions of Europe and Asia; in Britain it is the only native Sagittaria.
It is Sagittaria trifolia L. as per images, references and details herein.
SYMBIOSIS : 347 : Attachments (1). 1 post by 1 author.
Attaching an image of a Large Cabbage-white butterfly on the flowers of Sagittaria sagittifolia. This plant is commonly known as Arrow Head.
It is Sagittaria trifolia L. as per images, references and details herein.
We do not have Sagittaria sagittifolia L. in India as per Catalogue of Life, WCSP, Flora of Pakistan, Flora of China etc.
Sagittaria trifolia L from Assam KD 07 Mar. 2020 : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (4)
Attached images are Sagittaria trifolia L .
Sagittaria sagittifolia in FOI : 3 posts by 2 authors.
Thanks …, I think you are right here. The roots of this plant are a common vegetable in Manipur. Two books on Manipur plants identified it as Sagittaria sagittifolia. However, the Flora of China page on Sagittaria trifolia subsp. trifolia says “Most specimens determined as Sagittaria sagittifolia are, in fact, this taxon.”
Identification of plant : 1 image.
Kindly provide me with inputs regarding which species the leaf of the plant belongs to. The image was provided by a friend and was taken in Kumaon region of Uttarakhandin a Chir Pine forest.
Some Sagittaria sp ?
Pl. provide details images for proper id.
Was it in or near a waterbody?
Pl. see your details with Sagittaria trifolia L., if it matches.
No it was growing in shady moist area in a Chir pine forest of Kumaon region of Uttarakhand.
Do you have other images of the plant?
Please help me to identify this plant: (Mixed thread): 2 high res. images.
Location- Place, Altitude, GPS- West Medinipur, West Bengal
Plant Habit- Rooted hydrophyte, with floating leaves
Inflorescence Type/ Size- Not found
Is it any species of Sagittaria ?
Thought it’s Nymphaea
Thanks, … I did not find such shape as per comparative images at
Maybe flowers can help.
Maybe some unknown hybrid.
As I am doing my project work on documenting the hydrophytic plants I only choose those plants that are purely wild. As per your suggestion I will surely visit the place at regular intervals to find its flowers. Thank you very much everyone.
It looks very difficult to me, in rare cases ever I have tried to identify a plant without any flower or fruit.
Yes, it can be Sagittaria. –
One species have floating leaves, but leaves are more ovate – efi thread
Another species features leaves rising above water – https://sites.google.com/
ALMOST IMPOSSIBLE yet MAYBE PROBABLE :
One Caldesia oligococca (F.Muell.) Buchenau (Alisma oligococcum, “rare in central Bengal” of “Bengal Plants”), having variable leaf-blade, has been reported from Assam.
Me too, Sir, that’s why I linked … photo showing floating leaf.