Trop. & Subtrop. Asia to N. Queensland: Andaman Is., Bangladesh, Borneo, China Southeast, India, Jawa, Lesser Sunda Is., Malaya, Maluku, Myanmar, New Guinea, Nicobar Is., Philippines, Queensland, Sri Lanka, Sumatera, Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam as per POWO;

Deciduous dioecious evergreen trees, to 25 m high; bark reddish-brown, thin, smooth, pealing off in thin scales. Leaves simple, alternate, distichous; stipules lateral, 2.5-4.5 mm long, lanceolate, brownish-scarious; petiole 5-10 mm long, slender grooved above, glabrous; lamina 4-12 x 2.5-6 cm, elliptic, elliptic-ovate, elliptic-obovate or obovate, base unequal or acute, apex obtusely acuminate, margin entire, glabrous above and glaucous beneath, membranous; lateral nerves 6-10 pairs, pinnate, slender, prominent, intercostae reticulate, slender, faint. Flowers unisexual, green, axillary; male flowers : fascicled, many together, axillary; pedicels ca. 4-6 mm long; tepals 4, biseriate, outer ones ovate, 1-1.5 × 0.6-1 mm, inner ones obovate, 1.3-1.8 × 1-1.5 mm; disc adnate, smooth; stamens 4, free; filaments 0.7-1.5 mm long; anthers elliptic or oblong; female flowers solitary or few together; pedicels subterete, 8-21 mm long; tepals 4, biseriate, ovate to oblong, ca. 1.5-2 mm long; disc entire, adnate; ovary superior, 3-celled, ovules 2 in each cell; styles 3, free or basally connate, spreading, shortly bifid. Fruit a capsule, 8 mm across, depressed globose, irregularly dehiscent, 3-lobed; pericarp thin, membranous; seeds subtrigonus; arillate.

Flowering and fruiting: March-April
Semi-evergreen forests
Indo-Malesia to Australia
(Attributions- Dr. N Sasidharan (Dr. B P Pal Fellow), Kerala Forest Research Institute, Peechi from


Alagarkoil 160713 TBN 1for id : Attachments (4). 4 posts by 3 authors.

Please identify this plant details of which are as follows:
Date           :26.05.13
Location     :Alagarkoil, Periaaruvi valley
Altitude      :approx 800 to 1000ft
Habitat        :wiid
Habit           :tree
Height         :20 t0 30 ft
Leaves         😕 simple
Flowers       :not seen
Fruits           :seen small berries with persistent calyx  

please check Margaritaria indica of Euphorbiaceae

Yes, I agree with … ID.

Euphorbiaceae fortnight : Margaritaria indica From Alagarkoil hills, Natham, Dindigul. TBN 2 :  Attachments (4). 2 posts by 2 authors.
Sending photos of Margaritaria indica, identified by … in my  efloraofindia mail dated 17.07.13. This was recorded at Periaaruvi valley of Alagarkoil hill ranges.

Margaritaria indica, a widespread species.

Euphorbiaceae fortnight: Margaritaria indica from Tungareshwar : Attachments (5). 3 posts by 3 authors.
here is Margaritaria indica syn. Phyllanthus indicus from Tungareshwar WLS. Pictures taken at different times – Flowers in April and Fruit in early monsoon.

Correct identification.

Euphorbiaceae Fortnight :: Tree for ID from Theni :: MK008 :  Attachments (11).  5 posts by 3 authors.
Please help in identifying this tree species. The green flowers are similar to Blachia sp.
Habitat: riparian
Date: 02 Oct 2013
Place: Vellimalai, Theni dist., TN
Alt.: 750 m asl

Looks like Margaritaria indica

Margaritaria indica.

More details about the plant in BIOTIK.

ID KANNUR 01/12 : 6 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (2)
Please identify this shrub from Kannur district of Kerala. Flowering has just started. Habitat is of rocky, dry, lateritic type. collected on 26/12/19

Margaritaria indica, Phyllathaceae,

Thanks, … for the id.
Yes, appears to be male flower buds of Margaritaria indica as per references herein.

Yes, quite possible. However, the plant is usually a tall tree.

yes. this appears to be Margaritaria indica.

Regarding identification of the species collected from Dhenkanal Odisha March 2023: 5 high res. images.

Margaritaria indica

Yes sir

Yes its bro; we have rarely in Andhra Pradesh.



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