Cinchona pubescens Vahl, Skr. Naturhist.-Selsk. 1: 19 1790. (syn: Cinchona caloptera Miq.; Cinchona chomeliana Wedd.; Cinchona colorata Laubert ex B.D.Jacks.; Cinchona cordifolia Mutis; Cinchona cordifolia var. macrocarpa Wedd. ex Howard; Cinchona cordifolia var. microcarpa Howard, nom. nud.; Cinchona cordifolia var. peruviana Howard, nom. nud.; Cinchona cordifolia var. rotundifolia (Pav. ex Lamb.) Wedd.; Cinchona cordifolia var. vera Wedd., not validly publ.; Cinchona coronulata Miq.; Cinchona decurrentifolia Pav.; Cinchona elliptica Wedd., provisionally listed as a synonym.; Cinchona goudotiana Klotzsch ex Triana; Cinchona govana Miq.; Cinchona howardiana Kuntze, provisionally listed as a synonym.; Cinchona lechleriana Schltdl.; Cinchona lutea Pav.; Cinchona morado Ruiz; Cinchona obovata Pav. ex Howard; Cinchona ovata Ruiz & Pav.; Cinchona ovata var. rufinervis (Wedd.) Wedd.; Cinchona ovata var. vulgaris Wedd., not validly publ.; Cinchona palescens Vell.; Cinchona pallescens Ruiz ex Vitman, nom. illeg.; Cinchona pallescens var. ovata (Ruiz & Pav.) Howard; Cinchona pelalba Pav. ex DC.; Cinchona pelletieriana Wedd.; Cinchona platyphylla Wedd., nom. illeg.; Cinchona pubescens var. cordata DC.; Cinchona pubescens var. ovata (Ruiz & Pav.) DC.; Cinchona pubescens var. pelletieriana (Wedd.) Wedd.; Cinchona pubescens var. purpurea (Ruiz & Pav.) Wedd.; Cinchona purpurascens Wedd.; Cinchona purpurea Ruiz & Pav.; Cinchona purpurea Vell., nom. illeg.; Cinchona rosulenta Howard ex Wedd.; Cinchona rotundifolia Pav. ex Lamb.; Cinchona rubicunda Tafalla ex Wedd., nom. nud.; Cinchona rufinervis Wedd.; Cinchona rugosa Pav. ex DC.; Cinchona subsessilis Miq.; Cinchona succirubra Pav. ex Klotzsch; Cinchona succirubra var. conglomerata Howard, nom. nud.; Cinchona succirubra var. cuchicara Howard, nom. nud.; Cinchona succirubra var. erythroderma Howard, nom. nud.; Cinchona succirubra var. spruceana Howard, nom. nud.; Cinchona succirubra var. vera Howard, not validly publ.; Cinchona tucujensis H.Karst.; Quinquina obovata (Pav. ex Howard) Kuntze; Quinquina ovata (Ruiz & Pav.) Kuntze; Quinquina pubescens (Vahl) Kuntze; Quinquina succirubra (Pav. ex Klotzsch) Kuntze);
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Nilgiris: Rubiaceae for identification 311012MK02: Please help me to identify this tree species found planted in an urban area of Ooty. Tree height is up to 6 metres.

Leaf: 18 x 6 cm
Flower: 2cm long

Fruit: 3 x 0.5 cm


Place: Ooty town, Nilgiris, TN

Date: 12 Oct 2012

Alt: c. 2100 m asl


Very beautiful flowers

Sterculia species? Just a guess


It is Cinchona plant


… might just be very right… I had forgotten these flowers… this reminds me… it may be…


Yes I could find similar images on searching for Cinchona….
It looks like Cinchona pubescens.


A beautiful addition to our floral data. I liked the plant and the photographs


The link http://www.tropicos.org/Name/27900681 shows pictures of C. pubescens (C. succirubra); which does not match the tree I posted.

I think the tree may be C. officinalis L. as in http://www.tropicos.org/Name/27900157


Looks more close to Cinchona calisaya Wedd.  FoPI


There seems to be some confusion here about it’s correct identity.  

All three species listed in Flora of Penionsular India are cultivated here from South America and appear quite close. But it does not give any keys.
According to M.Sanjappa ji’s images in Flora of Peninsular India, it may be close to Cinchona calisaya. But it shows its distribution in Idukki district of Kerala.

FOI lists similar plant from Niligirs (from where Muthu ji has posted) as Cinchona pubescens Vahl (syn: Cinchona subsessilis Miq.), identified by Santhosh ji. Flora of Peninsular India gives its distribution in the area.
GBIF also gives a specimen from this area, which appears close.
Flora of China gives keys as per which it is more likely to be C. pubescens
It say:
“Several species of Cinchona are the natural source of quinine, which has long been used worldwide as a treatment for malaria. Quinine is found along with several other alkaloids in high concentrations in some species of Cinchona, particularly the bark; these alkaloids give the plants their bitter taste. Cinchona is native to South America, where its species are not all well differentiated, are morphologically variable, and hybridize freely especially in cultivation, where numerous artificial hybrids have been created. Cinchona was recently monographed by Andersson (Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 80: 1-75. 1998), followed here, who clarified the identities of the commonly cultivated species. “
In view, I feel it may be Cinchona pubescens Vahl (syn: Cinchona subsessilis Miq.),

 


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References:

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