Erythroxylum coca Lam. (Cultivated in Assam, Bihar, Maharashtra, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu and West Bengal; Native of tropical South America)
Erythroxylum cuneatum (Miq.) Kurz (India: In the coastal forests. Andaman & Nicobar Islands; Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam and Malesia) (syn. of
Erythroxylum kunthianum Kurz (India: Common undergrowth in evergreen forests up to 1520 m. Meghalaya; Bangladesh and Myanmar) (syn. of Erythroxylum sinense Y. C. Wu)
Erythroxylum lanceolatum (Wight) Walp. (India: Along banks of streams in hilly regions up to 915 m. Tamil Nadu)
Erythroxylum monogynum Roxb. (India: In dry hilly regions and evergreen forests up to 915 m, Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka and Tamil Nadu; Sri Lanka)
Erythroxylum moonii Hochr. (India: In evergreen forests as an under growth up to 305 m. Tamil Nadu; Sri Lanka)
Erythroxylum obtusifolium (Wight) Thwaites ex Hook. f. (India: In montane regions up to 1220 m, Tamil Nadu; Sri Lanka)


Binomial Habit Notes References Distribution Common name

Shrub Western Ghats,
Cultivated, Native of Tropical America
Flora of Tamil
Nadu, VOL. I, 1983
Nilgiri Sivadari
Erythroxylum lanceolatum (Wight) Walp. Shrub
or Small Tree
Ghats, Dry Deciduous Forests
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. I, 1983
Erythroxylum monogynum Roxb. Small
Evergreen to Dry Deciduous Forests
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. I, 1983
Desadaram, Sembulichaan
Erythroxylum moonii Hochr.  Small
Ghats, Evergreen Forests
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. I, 1983
Theni, Tirunelveli
Erythroxylum obtusifolium (Wight) Hook.  Shrub Western
  Evergreen Forests
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. I, 1983


Botanical name Synonyms Family Common name
Erythroxylum monogynum Erythroxylon monogynum Erythroxylaceae Red Cedar

Erythroxylum sinense Y. C. Wu [NE India, N Myanmar, Vietnam].

Encyclopaedia of World Medicinal Plants, Volume 1 By T. Pullaiah (2006)- Details-
Indigenous Drugs Of India By Chopra R N (1933)- Details-
Economic Botany In the Tropics By Kochhar (2009)- Details-
An Excursion Flora of Central Tamilnadu, India By K. M. Matthew (1995)- Details-
Flora of Guntur District, Andhra Pradesh, India By T. Pullaiah (2000)- Details-
Flora of Eastern Ghats: Hill Ranges of South East India, Volume 1 By T. Pullaiah, D. Muralidhara Rao, K. Sri Ramamurthy (2002)- Details-
Gardening in India By George Marshall Woodrow, G Marshall (1999)- Details-
Erythroxylum (Erythroxylaceae) : 1 post by 1 author.

I have updated eFI (efloraofindia) page on Erythroxylum (Pl. click).

Attempts have been made to incorporate most of the species available in India & nearby areas with details & keys directly or through links as far as possible. It’s quite possible that there may be some discrepancy in the accepted names & synonyms taken from other links.

Species discussed so far in efloraofindia are given at the bottom of the page in the form of links against Subpages. On clicking them one can see all the details.

Any comments/ corrections are welcome.

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