Salomonia cantoniensis Lour., Fl. Cochinch. 1: 14 14 1790. (Syn: Polygala trinervata Buch.-Ham. ex Wall.; Polygala undulata Roxb.; Salmonea cantoniensis Vahl; Salomonia petiolata Buch.-Ham.; Salomonia subrotunda Hassk.; Salomonia trinervata Steud.);
India (Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal, Skkim, Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Nagaland, Manipur, Mizoram, Tirpura, Meghalaya, Madhya Pradesh), Nepal, Bangladesh, Vietnam, Bhutan, Bangladesh, Myanmar [Burma] (Mandalay, Yangon), Thailand, Sumatra (incl. Nias, Bangka Isl.), peninsular Malaysia, Langkawi, Java (incl. Madura Isl.), Lesser Sunda Isl. (Sumbawa, Timor), Borneo (incl. Natuna Isl.), Sulawesi, Philippines (Luzon, Panay, Mindanao), New Guinea (incl. Misool Isl.), Cambodia, Laos, Micronesia (Yap), Palau Isl. (Babeldaob, Koror), Nicobars (North Nicobars), China (?Fujian, ?Guangdong?, Guangxi, ?Guizhou, S-Yunnan, ?Zhejiang), Singapore (I) as per Catalogue of Life;
Common name: Chinese Salomonia • Nepali: मेथी घाँस Methee Ghaas • Mizo: Nuaiphawn


Herb from Bihar for Id:
Requesting for Id.

It may be Salomonia cantoniensis of Polygalaceae.

Yes I too agree with …
It is seems like Salomonia cantoniensis

Interesting plant indeed.
I tried to find the typical petal with a frond observed in Polygalaceae but a more closeup shot would show it clearly.
Polygalaceae contains some 17 genera and 800 species.
In Maharashtra only 2 genera are reported
Leaves are amplexicaul; Flowers in spikes; stamens 4-5; capsule toothed ……. Salomonia
Leaves not as above; flowers in racemes; stamens 8 capsule entire …….. Polygala
I can see somewhat amplexicaul leaves here. The spikes are very long as compared to other Polygala species posted on the group so far.
I would like to know the place and other details of the plant …

Thank you all for your help in id of this plant.



SK190NOV10-2016:ID : 9 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (13)
Location: Pilot Baba Ashram, Bhaktapur , Nepal
Altitude:  5500 ft.
Date: 26 September 2016

Nothing comes to mind. Another subtropical plant I am unfamiliar with….

Thanks for sharing the images.
This is Salomonia cantoniensis Lour. (Polygalaceae). Long back I had collected this from Upper Siang District, Arunachal Pradesh.

This is a new plant for me not known from NW Himalaya – another Eastern sub-tropical species recorded from Nepal to Bhutan, India,
Myanamar east to China & Malaysia.  700-1600m in Nepal.
Recorded in ‘Flora of Kathmandu Valley’ under name used in FBI: Salomonia edentula; collected at Godawari 1830m and Surya vinayak @ 1670 known as Methi ghans according to this source.  They describe flowers as violet or deep pink.
The only other species in this genus in Nepal (indeed anywhere according to ‘The Plant List’) is S.ciliata recorded from lower elevations in Nepal @ 800-1000m also Sikkim, India, Sri Lanka, Myanamar east to China, Japan, Malaysia and Australia.
Belongs to Polygalaceae (which I was wondering about when I glanced at the images). Polygalas are known as ‘Milkworts’ in the UK.  The only Polygala I have noticed in the Himalaya is P.arillata which strangely, is an erect shrub, has large pea-like yellow flowers then its capsules turn dark shiny red.
P.sibirica is illustrated in ‘Flowers of the Himalaya’ – the photo having been taken in Langtang. P.arillata has a line drawing in the main ‘Flowers of the Himalaya’; there are photos of both flowers and fruits in the Supplement. I recommend everyone who has a copy of ‘Flowers of the Himalaya’ should invest in a copy of the Supplement and if purchasing ‘Flowers of the Himalaya’ for the first time do buy a FULL copy NOT the Concise version, as you miss out on important information.

Thank you for the ID. Nepali Name: मेथी घाँस Methee Ghaas

Thanks for the information …. I have also collected Polygala sibirica from Arunachal Pradesh. Shall share the photographs soon.

Plants from Northeast Tour 2017- Salomonia cantoniensis for validation : 3 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (4)
Please validate the identification of this minute herb, recorded this June from Guwahati Assam.. the inputs received on Facebook point to Salomonia cantoniensis..

I also think it matches with images at Salomonia cantoniensis

Salomonia cantoniensis Lour. : 3 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (6)
Location : Thula Khet, Pokhara, Nepal 

Date : 10 August 2017
Altitude : 2800 ft.


Salomonia cantoniensis Lour. : 11 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (6)- around 800 kb each.
Location: Bindhabasini Indra Daha, Kathmandu
Altitude: 1732 m.
Date: 18 August 2019
Habit : Wild
Nepali Name: मेथी घाँस Methee Ghaas

Thank you very much …, for the Nepali name of the plant.
Database is getting richer !

There are two varieties as per Catalogue of Life
I am unable to get the keys as efloras are not opening at present.

I have checked both species …

Flora of China says
Material with the margin of the capsule ± smooth (almost no denticulations) has been separated as Salomonia cantoniensis var. edentula, but as the degree of denticulation in this species is variable and as S. cantoniensis var. edentula is in all other aspects identical to S. cantoniensis, the variety is not here recognized.

2019 publication of two books by the DPR, Gov. of Nepal have mentioned as below:
Attachments (3)

I was talking of varieties of Salomonia cantoniensis and not of other species of Salomonia ciliata (L.) DC.

Thank you …!
So, shall I consider Salomonia cantoniensis var. edentula as a synonym ??

It is up to you as different sources are having differing opinions. 


Salomonia cantoniensis Lour. : 6 posts by 1 author. 6 images- 4 to 7 mb each.
Location: Khadka Gaun, Kathmandu,  Nepal  
Date: 10 September 2020
Elevation: 1500m.
Habit : Wild


Small flowering herb from Interview Island for ID..: 4 images.
I collected this specimen from Interview Island on a rocky cliff.
Photos attached for identification. Need Identification help.

Salomonia cantoniensis Lour.


MS,Nov.,2022/14 Herb for id.: 2 images.
Location : Hmuifang tlang, Mizoram

Altitude : ca.1,500 m
Date : 04-11-2022
Habit : Herb
Habitat : Wild

Salomonia cantoniensis Lour.