Spermacoce verticillata L., Sp. Pl. 102 1753. (Syn: Bigelovia verticillata (L.) Spreng.; Borreria commutata Spreng.; Borreria globularioides Cham. & Schltdl.; Borreria graminifolia M.Martens & Galeotti; Borreria kohautiana Cham. & Schltdl.; Borreria laevigata M.Martens & Galeotti; Borreria minima DC.; Borreria molleri Gand.; Borreria oaxacana M.Martens & Galeotti; Borreria oligodonta Steyerm.; Borreria podocephala DC. .; Borreria stricta G.Mey.; Borreria suaveolens f. rigidior Miq.; Borreria thymocephala Griseb.; Borreria verticillata (L.) G.Mey. …; Spermacoce fruticosa Pohl ex DC. [Invalid]; Spermacoce globosa Schumach. & Thonn.; Spermacoce graminifolia (M.Martens & Galeotti) Hemsl.; Spermacoce hyssopifolia Pers. [Invalid]; Spermacoce laeta Salisb. [Illegitimate]; Spermacoce laevigata (M.Martens & Galeotti) Hemsl. [Illegitimate]; Spermacoce minima Pohl ex DC.; Spermacoce molleri (Gand.) Govaerts; Spermacoce mucronata Nees; Spermacoce oaxacana (M.Martens & Galeotti) Hemsl.; Spermacoce oligodonta (Steyerm.) Govaerts; Spermacoce podocephala (DC.) C.Wright; Spermacoce polycephala (DC.) Hemsl.; Spermacoce reclinata Nees; Spermacoce stellata Willd. ex Roem. & Schult.; Spermacoce thymocephala (Griseb.) C.Wright; Spermacoce thymocephala (Griseb.) Wright; Tardavel verticillata (L.) Hiern);
Trop. & Subtrop. America as per WCSP;
Andaman Is.; Angola; Argentina Northeast; Ascension; Bahamas; Belize; Benin; Bolivia; Brazil North; Brazil Northeast; Brazil South; Brazil Southeast; Brazil West-Central; Burkina; Cameroon; Canary Is.; Cape Verde; Colombia; Congo; Costa Rica; Cuba; Dominican Republic; El Salvador; Florida; French Guiana; Gabon; Gambia; Ghana; Gilbert Is.; Guatemala; Guinea; Guinea-Bissau; Gulf of Guinea Is.; Guyana; Haiti; Honduras; India; Ivory Coast; Jamaica; Leeward Is.; Liberia; Line Is.; Madagascar; Mali; Mauritania; Mauritius; Mexico Central; Mexico Gulf; Mexico Northeast; Mexico Southeast; Mexico Southwest; New Caledonia; Nicaragua; Nicobar Is.; Nigeria; Niue; Northern Territory; Panam; Paraguay; Peru; Puerto Rico; Queensland; Runion; Senegal; Sierra Leone; Society Is.; Southwest Caribbean; Sri Lanka; Sudan; Suriname; Togo; Trinidad-Tobago; Uruguay; Venezuela; Venezuelan Antilles; Windward Is.; Zare as per Catalogue of Life;
Common name: Shrubby False Buttonweed

Erect, much branched rigid herbs or under shrubs, woody at base; stem 4-angled. Leaves opposite, 2-3.5 x 0.5-0.8 cm, in apparent whorls (due to condensed axillary shoots), sessile, obovate or oblanceolate, apex obtusely acute, narrowed to base, midrib impressed above, nerves obscure; stipules pectinate, connate with leaf-base into a sheath. Flowers white, in terminal or (upper) axillary, globose heads of 1 cm across. Calyx tube 1 mm long; lobes 2, equal to tube. Corolla tube 1 mm long with a ring of hairs at throat; lobes 4, spreading, longer than tube, Stamens 4; filaments long, hairy; anthers 2-celled. Ovary 2-locular; style slender: stigma 2-lobed. Capsule minutely pubescent near the apex; mericarps 2, each covered by septum ventrally; seeds 2, small, oblong.

Flowering and fruiting: May-August
Native of Tropical America
(Attributions- Dr. N Sasidharan (Dr. B P Pal Fellow), Kerala Forest Research Institute, Peechi from India Biodiversity Portal)


Agumbe :: Spermacoce verticillata :: DVJAN68 : 3 posts by 2 authors. 6 images.
Agumbe Dakshina Kannada, Karnataka
Date: 26 DEC 2014 … Altitude: about 700 m asl
Spermacoce verticillata L. … (family: Rubiaceae)
Many thanks to … for ID in his own post ANDEC95  

Would you pl. validate other threads at

Thanks … But neither of the posts seem to be Spermacoce verticillata.


Charmadi Ghat Karnataka
Date: 12 NOV 2016 … Altitude: explored between: 873 – 976 m (2863 – 3201 ft) asl
Spermacoce verticillata L. … (family: Rubiaceae)


Herb for ID from N Karnataka :  Attachments (1). 6 posts by 5 authors.

Please help ID of this herb found in rocky river bed in N Karnataka in Oct.
Stem angular about 50 cm tall, leaves opposite or whorled at nodes, 3-5 cm, narrowly obovate, acute.
Flowers in globose heads (1 cm) at nodes.

Any possibility of this being Hyptis capitata (Lamiaceae)???

… no dear …, flower looks different.

I think this should be from Rubiaceae..

It could be Mitracarpus hirtus. Please check this link

I could not proceed with the link but it is indeed Mitracarpus hirtus. Thank you so much for the quick lead.

I think more closer to Spermacoce verticillata L. rather than Mitracarpus hirtus


Spermacoce verticillata from Chikkamagalur mullayanagiri Road-GS18022022-2: 4 correct high res. images.
Spermacoce verticillata photographed from along Chikkamagalur mullayanagiri Road, Karnataka, 26-9-2015.

The first pic wrongly uploaded

Yes … is first picture is (as per subject) from Chikkamagalur mullayanagiri Road, clicked at 12.17, whereas rest of the pictures are from near Hemavati Reservoir clicked between 13.46 and 13.50. Is Id of all correct?

1st image is of Mitracarpus hirtus. Id of other images is OK.


Your image of Spermacoce verticillata in FOI:
Your image of Spermacoce verticillata in FOI, is of Mitracarpus hirtus, as per images and details herein.
Pl. correct.

In the current link of Mitracarpus hirtus in FOI, Shashidharswamy’s images are of Spermacoce verticillata L.
Pl. correct.

Made the corrections:



Catalogue of Life  The Plant List Ver.1.1  WCSP  GRIN  Flowers of India  issg Database: Ecology of Spermacoce verticillata  Spermacoce verticillata – Species Page – ISB: Atlas of Florida   India Biodiversity Portal  Useful Tropical Plants  Pl@ntnet (plenty of images)  PIER  wildflowersearch  GBIF  Flora of China  FOC illustration  Checklist of Nepal