Scleropyrum pentandrum (Dennst.) Mabb., Taxon 26: 533 1977. (syn: Bridelia horrida Dillwyn; Champereia perrottetiana Baill.; Heydia horrida Dennst.Heydia maingayi (Hook.fil.) Kuntze; Myrobalanus indica Buch.-Ham. ex Steud.; Pothos pentandrus Dennst.; Pyrularia ceylanica A.DC.Pyrularia moschifera (Bl.) A.DC.; Pyrularia wallichiana A.DC.; Pyrularia zeylanica A.DC.; Scleropyrum harmandii Baill. ex Lecomte; Scleropyrum mekongense Gagnep.; Scleropyrum moschiferum (Bl.) S.Moore; Scleropyrum ridleyi Gamble; Scleropyrum wallichianum Arn.; Scleropyrum wallichianum var. mekongense (Gagnep.) Lecomte; Sphaerocarya moschifera Bl.; Sphaerocarya wallichiana Wight & Arn.; Terminalia horrida Steud.);
China (Guangxi, Hainan, Yunnan), Cambodia, India (Goa, Karnataka, Kerala, Tamil
Nadu), Laos, Sri Lanka,
Vietnam, peninsular Malaysia (scattered throughout),
Myanmar [Burma] (Kachin, Mon, Sagaing, Shan, Taninthayi), Singapore
as per Catalogue of Life;
 
Distribution: s China, peninsular India, Cambodia, Thailand, Laos


Habit- Small trees up to 7 m tall.

Trunk\bark- Trunk thorny; bark smooth, greyish-white; blaze yellowish.
Branchlets- Young branchlets green, terete, glabrous, with axillary spines.
Leaves- Leaves simple, alternate, spiral; petiole 0.4-0.8 cm long, canaliculate in cross section, glabrous; lamina 8.5-17.5 x 4-7.5, elliptic to elliptic-oblong or ovate, apex acute with blunt tip or obtuse, base rounded, margin entire, coriaceous, glabrous; midrib flat or slightly canaliculate above; secondary nerves 3-5 pairs, ascending, often lower most pair opposite; tertiary nerves slender, reticulo-percurrent.
Flowers- Inflorescence axillary spikes; flowers polygamous, red, sessile.
Fruit& seed- Drupe, pyriform, 3 cm long, red; seed one.
Along margin of evergreen to semi-evergreen forests between 600 and 1600 m.     
Peninsular India and Sri Lanka; in the Western Ghats- South and Central Sahyadris.  

 
QUERY :: Marathi name of Scleropyrum pentandrum : please help me with the name of Scleropyrum pentandrum (Denn.) Mabberley in Marathi.


Many thanks … for following up on this query.
Since there is no known name for this plant in Marathi, I am giving a name कुक्कुरदंत kukkuradanta, literal meaning – dog tooth, कुक्कुर = dog; दंत = tooth.
In Kannada (ನಾಯಿಕುಳಿ naayikuli) and Tulu (ನಾಯಿಕ್ಕೂಲಿ naaikkuli) – the names literally mean “dog tooth” … due to plant’s well-known therapeutic efficacy against dog bite.


 
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Scleropyrum wallichianum (Wight & Arnott) Arnott :  Attachments (1). 1 post by 1 author.
Scleropyrum wallichianum (Wight & Arnott) Arnott, Fam: Santalaceae

12/10/2010

Dharmasthala, Karnataka
Spinous shrub in evergreen forest
Soil red gravely


 

via Species‎ > ‎S‎ > Scleropyrum pentandrum (Dennst.) Mabb. … family: Santalaceae
Flowers of India Discussions at efloraofindia more views in flickr more views on Google Earth
skler-oh-PY-rus — Greek: skleros (hard), pyrus (pear) … Santalaceae by Pilger, R.
pen-TAN-drum — five stamensDave’s Botanary
commonly known as: hard pear tree, thorny castorKannada: ಬೆಂಡುಗ benduga, ಬೊಡ್ಲಿಗೆ ಹಲ್ಲು bodlige hallu, ಬೋಡುಳಿಕೆಹುಲ್ಲು bodulike hullu, ಮುಳ್ಳು ಹರಳು mullu haralu, ನಾಯಿಕುಳಿ naayikuliMalayalam: ഇരുമുള്ളി irumulliMarathi: कुक्कुरदंत kukkuradantaTulu: ನಾಯಿಕ್ಕೂಲಿ naaikkuli
botanical names: Scleropyrum pentandrum (Dennst.) Mabb. … synonyms: Pothos pentandrus Dennst. (basionym) • Scleropyrum wallichianum Arn. … Biotik 
March 17, 2013 … along Vandane Menasi Road, Uttara Kannada 


 

 
 

References:

Catalogue of Life  The Plant List Ver.1.1  POWO  Dinesh Valke’s Flickr Post  ENVIS – FRLHT  India Biodiversity Portal  Biotik  Wikipedia  Flora of China
(Scleropyrum wallichianum (Wight & Arnott) Arnott)  FoC illustration  IUCNRed List (LC) (Scleropyrum wallichianum (Wight & Arnott) Arnott) Flora of Peninsular India  Flowers of India

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