IUCN Red List Status: Endangered (EN)
Dysoxylum malabaricum Bedd. ex C.DC., Monogr. Phan. 1: 491 1878. (Syn: Alliaria malabarica Kuntze);
Trees, to 35 m high, bark 5-8 mm thick, greyish-yellow, rough, verrucose; lenticels warty, fissured; aromatic, outer bark dead, corky, inner bark creamy yellow. Leaves imparipinnate, alternate, estipulate; rachis 17-28 cm long, stout, angular, swollen at base, pubescent; leaflets 7-11, opposite, subopposite or alternate, estipellate; petiolule 5-9 mm, stout, pubescent; lamina 9-23 x 3-5 cm, elliptic-oblong, ovate-oblong or lanceolate, base oblique or acute, apex acuminate, margin entire, puberulous when young, glabrous at maturity, coriaceous; lateral nerves 6-20 pairs, parallel, ascending, prominent, intercostae reticulate, obscure, secondary laterals prominent. Flowers bisexual, greenish-yellow, fragrant, 5-6 mm long; calyx deeply 4 lobed, lobes more or less obtuse; petals 4, linear-oblong, subacute, pubescent outside, imbricate; staminal tube urceolate, more or less 4-angled, with 8 deep emarginate crenatures; anthers 8, included; disc cup shape, entire, only just enclosing the ovary; ovary superior, densely pubescent, 4-celled, ovules 2 in each cell; tapering into style; stigma capitate, 4-lobed. Fruit a capsule, 5-7.5 cm long, pyriform, verrucose, bright yellow, with 4 longitudinal furrows; seeds 3-4, reddish-brown, bluntly trigonus.
Flowering and fruiting: February-June
Southern Western Ghats
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