Ternstroemia gymnanthera (Wight & Arn.) Bedd., Fl. Sylv. S. India 19, 91 19 1871. (Syn: Adinandra japonica (Thunb.) T. L. Ming; Cleyera dubia Champ. ex Benth.; Cleyera fragrans Champ. ex Benth.; Cleyera gymnanthera Wight & Arn.; Dupinia japonica (Thunb.) Franch.; Hoferia japonica (Thunb.) Franch.; Mokofua japonica (Thunb.) Kuntze; Taonabo japonica (Thunb.) Szyszyl.; Ternstroemia aneura Miq.; Ternstroemia dubia (Champion) Choisy; Ternstroemia fragrans (Champion) Choisy; Ternstroemia japonica (Thunb.) Thunb.; Ternstroemia japonica var. parvifolia Dyer; Ternstroemia japonica f. subserrata (Makino) H.Hara; Ternstroemia lushia Choisy; Ternstroemia mokof Nakai; Ternstroemia parvifolia Hu; Ternstroemia pseudomicrophylla H.T. Chang; Ternstroemia wightii Choisy);                             
China (Anhui, Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangxi,
Sichuan, Yunnan, Zhejiang), Taiwan, Japan (Honshu, Shikoku, Kyushu), South
Korea, Ryukyu Isl., Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar [Burma], Nepal, Vietnam, Thailand, Sikkim, India (Assam, Meghalaya, Nagaland, Tamil Nadu, Kerala), Sri
Lanka, Bhutan, Bangladesh
as per Catalogue of Life;

English Japanese Ternstroemia, Japanese Cleyera
Kannada Kiamonu

Trees, to 15 m high, bark brown, 1.3 cm thick, smooth or tessellated; branchlets reddish, glabrous, terete. Leaves simple, alternate, often clustered at apices of branchlets, estipulate; petiole 5-25 mm, glabrous, stout, reddish; lamina 4-8 x 1.5-3.5 cm, obovate, oblanceolate or elliptic-lanceolate, base cuneate, apex acute or obtuse, retuse, margin entire, slightly revolute, coriaceous, glabrous; lateral nerves 4-5 pairs, pinnate, slender, obscure, intercostae obscure. Flowers unisexual, axillary or extra axillary, solitary, pale yellow, fragrant; pedicels 8-10 mm long, stout, 2-ridged; 2 small ovate bracteoles at the base of calyx; sepals 5, 4-5 x 3-4 mm, broadly ovate to orbicular, coriaceous, glabrous, persistent, connate at the base; petals 5, 6-8 x 5-6 mm, obovate-cuneate, leathery, connate at the base, broadly imbricate; stamens yellow, more than 50, free; filaments adnate to the base of petals; anthers oblong, apiculate; pistillode clavate; ovary superior, 4-5 mm long, 2-3-celled, ovules 2 in each cell; style simple; stigmas 3, sessile. Fruit a berry, ovoid or globose, tipped with persistent style, brown; seeds 3-4, angular, red.

Flowering and fruiting: April-July 
Shola forests and evergreen forests
South East Asia and China 

Nilgiris: flower for identification 300613MK02 :  Attachments (3). 6 posts by 5 authors.
Please help me to identify this flowers. Is this of any Rubiaceae tree?
Habitat: evergreen forest
Size: 2.2 x 2 cm
Date: 20 June 2013
Location: Kotagiri, Nilgiris, TN
Alt.: 1990 m asl

It seems to be a Dilleniaceae member ?

Ternstroemia gymnanthera

Many thanks for the help in identification. 

On searching I found that Ternstroemia gymnanthera belongs to family Thecaceae.




Plant for ID : Atlanta, Georgia : 31JAN19 : AK-73 : 4 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (3)

Cultivated plant seen in a park with tender leaves bright red.

Looking very close to Ternstroemia gymnanthera

the red leaf stalks are the dx feature for this cleyera. popular in Se USA as a free standing plant or even a hedge. many varieties. this is perhaps “Lee Ann” var. 

Thanks for the id and letting me know the distinguishing features.


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