Limnophila repens (Benth.) Benth., Prodr. 10: 387 387 1846. (Syn: Ambulia conferta (Benth.) Baill. ex Wettst.; Bonnaya punctata G.Don; Diceros stoloniferus Blanco; Gratiola lucida Heyne ex Wall.; Limnophila conferta Benth., Limnophila conferta var. dubia (Bonati) Bonati, Limnophila dubia Bonati; Limnophila serrata Thwaites, Limnophila sessilis (Benth.) C.E.C.Fischer; Limnophila stolonifera Merrill; Stemodia repens Bentham; Stemodia sessilis Benth.; Stemodia tenuiflora Benth.; Terebinthina punctata (G.Don) Kuntze);
China (Guangxi, Hainan), Bhutan, Darjeeling, Cambodia, India, Laos, Nepal, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Vietnam, peninsular Malaysia (Penang Isl.), Myanmar [Burma] (Taninthayi, Yangon), Philippines, Bangladesh as per Catalogue of life;
lim-no-FIL-uh — Greek: límnee (pond), philos (friend) … Dave’s Botanary
REE-penz — spreading, creeping … Dave’s Botanary
commonly known as: creeping marshweed • Bengali: মাইট্যা কেশরী maitya keshari • Hindi: कपूर kapur • Kannada: ಆಮರಗಂಧಿ amaragandhi, ಮಾಂಗನ್ನಾರಿ maangannaari • Malayalam: മാങ്ങനാറി maangannaari • Marathi: सरपट तुरटी sarpat turati • Mundari: उलि अड़आ uli ara • Sanskrit: आम्रगन्धः amragandhah • Tulu: ಮಾಂಗನ್ನಾರಿ maangannaari
Names further compiled / updated at
Distribution: tropical Asia, Australia

Erect or procumbent herbs with strong aromatic smell. Leaves 1-2 x 0.4-0.9 cm, oblong to elliptic-oblong, base acute, margin crenate-serrate, apex acute, punctate on both surfaces, glabrous, penninerved, chartaceous, subsessile. Flowers axillary, solitary or in short racemes. Calyx c. 4 mm long, lobes lanceolate, hirsute, striate at maturity. Corolla violet-pink, rarely yellow, c. 5 mm across; tube 6-8 mm long, pubescent without and at throat within, longitudinally purple striped. Stamens 4. Stigma spathulate. Capsule 3-4 mm long, ellipsoid. Seeds angular, brown.

Flowering and fruiting: July-December
Waterlogged areas
Tropical Asia
Limnophila repens is distributed in tropical Asia (Bangladesh, India, Cambodia, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Nepal, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Vietnam) and Australia. In India the species is seen in Assam, Chattisgarh, Kerala, Karnataka, Orissa, Sikkim, West Bengal (Cook 1996), Madhya Pradesh (Singh 1997), Maharashtra (Godbole and Prasad 2001), Tamil Nadu (Henry and Chitra. 1987), Andhra Pradesh (Sadasivaiah pers. comm.).
It is an annual plant growing in marshy places, rice fields particularly in low lying areas (Cook 1996). It is a very variable aquatic herb growing in wet places (Henry and Chitra 1987) and moist sandy soil (Singh 1997).


I had seen this small herb in a open grass field close to forest Cover near Shigekeri Village (North Karnataka).
Leaves were sessile and were seen to be clasping the stem.
Date/Time: 16-01-2011/ 01:45PM
To me it looks like some Stemodia sp (Scrophulariaceae family).

only species of stemodia in efi  Stemodia viscosa

Limnophila conferta Benth.; FBI. iv. 266 is a very variable plant, as can be seen in –


via Species‎ > ‎L‎ > Limnophila repens (Benth.) Benth. … family: Plantaginaceae
Flowers of India Discussions at efloraofindia more views in flickr more views on Google Earth
lim-no-FIL-uh — Greek: límnee (pond), philos (friend)Dave’s Botanary
REE-penz — spreading, creepingDave’s Botanary
commonly known as: creeping marshweedKannada: ಆಮರಗಂಧಿ amaragandhi, ಮಾಂಗನ್ನಾರಿ mangannariMalayalam: മാങ്ങനാറി manganariSanskrit: आम्रगन्धः amragandhahTulu: ಮಾಂಗನ್ನಾರಿ mangannari
botanical names: Limnophila repens (Benth.) Benth. … synonyms: Stemodia repens Benth. … The Plants List (2013). Version 1.1.
December 17, 2012 … Bada Beach, Kumta

lim-no-FIL-uh — Greek: límnee (pond), philos (friend) … Dave’s Botanary
REE-penz — spreading, creeping … Dave’s Botanary

commonly known as: creeping marshweed • Bengali: মাইট্যা কেশরী maitya keshari • Hindi: कपूर kapur • Kannada: ಆಮರಗಂಧಿ amaragandhi, ಮಾಂಗನ್ನಾರಿ maangannaari • Malayalam: മാങ്ങനാറി maangannaari • Marathi: सरपट तुरटी sarpat turati • Mundari: उलि अड़आ uli ara • Sanskrit: आम्रगन्धः amragandhah • Tulu: ಮಾಂಗನ್ನಾರಿ maangannaari

botanical namesLimnophila repens (Benth.) Benth. … homotypic synonymsStemodia repens Benth. … heterotypic synonymsLimnophila camphorata Hook.f. … and many more at POWO

Bibliography / etymology

Links listed as references in the notes below, may not remain valid permanently. Portals / websites have a tendency to re-organize / revise their content, leading to change in URLs of pages in their site. Some sites may even close down at their own will.

~~~~~ ENGLISH ~~~~~
creeping marshweed
  • name coined, for want of name; derived from the scientific name; epithet repens = creeping; and marshweed, a generic name for many species of Limnophila
~~~~~ BENGALI ~~~~~
মাইট্যা কেশরী maitya keshari
~~~~~ HINDI ~~~~~
कपूर kapur
~~~~~ KANNADA ~~~~~
ಆಮರಗಂಧಿ amaragandhi, ಮಾಂಗನ್ನಾರಿ maangannaari
~~~~~ MALAYALAM ~~~~~
മാങ്ങനാറി maanganaari
~~~~~ MARATHI ~~~~~
सरपट तुरटी sarpat turati
  • name coined, for want of name; सरपट sarpat = creeping; तुरटी turati = name given to Limnophila indica
~~~~~ MUNDARI ~~~~~
उलि अड़आ uli ara
~~~~~ SANSKRIT ~~~~~
आम्रगन्धः amragandhah
~~~~~ TULU ~~~~~
ಮಾಂಗನ್ನಾರಿ maangannaari
*Andhra Pradesh, *Assam, Bihar, Chattisgarh, Jharkhand, Karnataka, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, *Nagaland, *Odisha, *Sikkim, *Tamil Nadu, *Telangana, West Bengal

* no given name / no name found, in the regional language(s) of the state

~~~~~ x ~~~~~

The correct English spelling of Malayalam name is maanganaari.

i couldn’t get the telugu name

Thanks very much, …, for pointing out the error and for the appreciation. Will shortly correct it.
Many thanks …; I too could not find any article listing any Telugu name for this species.

Kannada names and their English transliteration are correct.


Scrophulariaceae fortnight :: Limnophila repens near Kumta :: DV04 : 1 image. 2 posts by 2 authors.
Limnophila repens (Benth.) Benth.
at Bada Beach near Kumta on 17 DEC 12

Beautiful flower. Not shared so far on the group.


48 Identify weed plant: 7 images.

Please identify the weed plant.
Location:  near Reserve Forest, Chathamattom, Ernakulam District, Kerala PIN:686671
Date:.               31.12.2020, 11.30am
Altitude:           1700fsl
Habitat:            wild aquatic/marshy
Plant habit:      creeping annual aromatic weak stem little hairy
Height:             01 feet
Leaves:            aromatic opposite oblong apex zigzag sided
Flower:             diameter:3mm, violet non fragrant

Limnophila sps ?

Limnophila repens (Benth.) Benth.

I too agree with …




Catalogue of life  The Plant List Ver.1.1  GBIF  Flora of China  FoC illustration (Flowers solitary in leaf axils or in terminal or axillary racemes as per Flora of China) Annotated checklist of Flowering plants of Nepal (with Limnophila conferta Benth. as a syn.)  Wikipedia Dinesh Valke’s Flickr Post  Flowers of India  Flora of Peninsular India  Kerala Plants India Biodiversity Portal (syn. Limnophila conferta Benth, Limnophila serrata Thwaites, Stemodia repens Bentham) Encyclopedia of Life  IUCN Red List (LC)  Flickr   POWO
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