Capparis diversifolia Wight & Arn., Prodr. Fl. Ind. Orient. 27 1834. (Syn: Capparis caerulea B.Heyne ex Wall. [Invalid]; Capparis reticulata Klein ex Wall. [Invalid])
Erect shrub, ca 2 m high; twigs flexuous, stellate-hairy, early glabrescent; thorns few, straight or slightly curved, 2-2.5 mm long. Leaves dimorphic, linear-oblong or oblong-lanceolate to elliptic-ovate, acute to rounded at base, acute-mucronate at apex, 2.5-9 x 0.3-3.5 cm; lateral nerves 5-7 pairs; petioles 2-6 mm long. Flowers showy, reddish purple to violet, 3.5-4.5 cm across, conferted in 3-8 flowered subumbels; pedicels 6-8 mm long, puberulous but early glabrescent. Sepals subequal, ovate, 7-8 x 3.5-4 cm, minutely puberulous outside, densely tomentose inside. Petals ovate or obovate, subequal, 1.8-2 x 0.6-0.9 cm, glabrous but tomentellous at base. Stamens 40-60, exceeding pistil. Gynophore bent, 5-9 mm long, to 11 mm in fruit, hardly incrassate. Ovary fusiform, ca 6 cm long (including beak), smooth, glabrous, often abortive; placentae 4. Fruits ovoid or ellipsoid, apiculate, 3-3.5 x ca 2 cm, smooth; seeds 8-10, 6.5-7 x ca 6 mm; stalks thin.
Flowering and fruiting: April-December
Southern Western Ghats
(From India Biodiversity Portal (Capparis diversifolia Sessé & Moc.)
Capparaceae for identification 281013MK02 : Attachments (6). 5 posts by 4 authors.
Please help me in identifying this armed plant. Is this any Capparaceae?
Leaf: not more than 10 cm long
Flower: 5cm across
Location: KMTR, Tirunelveli Dist., TN
Date: 11 Oct 2013
Alt.: 900 m asl
This seems to be Capparis diversifolia Wight & Arn., endemic to southern W.Ghats of Kerala & Tamil Nadu.
In this species the leaves are variable, from oblong-lanceolate to elliptic-ovate. This is one of the few species with large pinkish flowers.
The Plant List EOL 1997 IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants (Capparis diversifolia Wight & Arn.) India Biodiversity Portal (Capparis diversifolia Sessé & Moc.)