Taxodium mucronatum Ten., Ann. Sci. Nat., Bot. sér. 3, 19:355. 1853 (syn: Cuprespinnata mexicana (Carrière) J.Nelson; Taxodium distichum Kunth (ambiguous synonym); Taxodium distichum var. mexicanum (Carrière) Gordon; Taxodium distichum var. mucronatum (Ten.) A.Henry; Taxodium mexicanum Carrière) as per Catalogue of Life;
S. Texas to Guatemala as per WCSP;
Taxodium mucronatum, also known as Montezuma Cypress, Sabino, or Ahuehuete is a species of Taxodium native to much of Mexico (south to the highlands of southern Mexico), and also the Rio Grande Valley in southernmost Texas, USA as well as Huehuetenango Department in Guatemala.
Ahuehuete is derived from the Nahuatl name for the tree, āhuēhuētl, which means “upright drum in water” or “old man of the water.”
It is a large evergreen or semi-evergreen tree growing to 40 m (130 ft) tall and with a trunk of 1–3 m (3.3–9.8 ft) diameter (occasionally much more; see below). The leaves are spirally arranged but twisted at the base to lie in two horizontal ranks, 1–2 cm (0.39–0.79 in) long and 1–2 mm (0.039–0.079 in) broad. The cones are ovoid, 1.5–2.5 cm (0.59–0.98 in) long and 1–2 cm (0.39–0.79 in) broad. Unlike Bald Cypress and Pond Cypress, Montezuma Cypress rarely produces cypress knees from the roots. Trees from the Mexican highlands achieve a notable stoutness.
One specimen, the Árbol del Tule in Santa María del Tule, Oaxaca, Mexico, is the second stoutest tree in the world with a diameter of 11.42 m (37.5 ft). Several other specimens from 3–6 m (9.8–20 ft) diameter are known. The stoutest tree in the world is the Big Baobab, an African Baobab.
Montezuma Cypress is primarily a riparian tree, growing along upland riversides, but can also be found next to springs and marshes. It occurs from 300 to 2,500 m (980 to 8,200 ft), in Mexico mainly in highlands at 1,600–2,300 m (5,200–7,500 ft) in altitude. T. mucronatum is very drought-tolerant and fast-growing and favors climates that are rainy throughout the year or at least with high summer rainfall.
Ahuehuetes are frequently cultivated in Mexican parks and gardens. The wood is used to make house beams and furniture. The Aztecs used its resin to treat gout, ulcers, skin diseases, wounds, and toothaches. A decoction made from the bark was used as a diuretic and an emmenagogue. Pitch derived from the wood was used as a cure for bronchitis The leaves acted as a relaxant and could help reduce itching.
(From Wikipedia on 5.1.14)
Id request 14122013PC2 : Attachments (5). 7 posts by 3 authors.
Kindly identify this tree growing in Delhi (Miranda House College).
Photographs have been taken in December, 2013.
May be any Prosopis??..but looks strange, wait for flowers to open..
I think it is a gymnosperm, probably Taxodium mucronatum. Those bud-like structures are probably male cones but I am not very sure.
Yes, resemble to T.mucronatum which is planted as exotic tree in FRI Dehradun and Botanical Garden Allahabad University. Expert determination is, however, required.
I think Id should be correct in view of Trees of Delhi: A Field Guide By Pradip Krishen (Details- 2004).
Plants From Australia 2018:: Taxodium mucronatum-NS April 2020-44 : 2 posts by 2 authors.
This was seen in RBG, Sydney..
Catalogue of Life GRIN IUCN Red List (LC) WCSP (syn. of Taxodium distichum var. mexicanum (Carrière) Gordon) The Plant List (syn. of Taxodium huegelii C.Lawson- not
considered as this derived record is different from the original record on
which it is stated to be based)