Euonymus fortunei (Turcz.) Hand.-Mazz., Symb. Sin. 7: 660 1933. (syn: Cassine fortunei (Turcz.) Kuntze; Elaeodendron fortunei Turcz.; Euonymus austroliukiuensis Hatus.; Euonymus carrierei Vauvel; Euonymus fortunei var. acuminatus F.H.Chen & M.C.Wang ……………………….; Euonymus gracilis Siebold; Euonymus hederaceus Champ. ex Benth.; Euonymus japonicus L.f. [Illegitimate] ………………..; Euonymus kewensis (Bean) Hesse; Euonymus kiautschovicus Loes. .; Euonymus patens Rehder; Euonymus radicans (Miq.) Siebold ex Miq. ……….; Euonymus wensiensis J.W.Ren & D.S.Yao; Euonymus yoshinagae Makino; Masakia radicans (Siebold ex Miq.) Nakai (Unresolved); Masakia yoshinagae (Makino) Nakai (Unresolved));
Euonymus fortunei (common names spindle or fortune’s spindle, winter creeper or wintercreeper) is a species of flowering plant in the family Celastraceae, native to east Asia, including China, Korea, the Philippines and Japan. It is named after the plant explorer Robert Fortune. It is an evergreen shrub which grows as a vine if provided with support. As such it grows to 20 m (66 ft), climbing by means of small rootlets on the stems, similar to ivy (an example of convergent evolution, as the two species are not related). Like ivy, it also has a sterile non-flowering juvenile climbing or creeping phase, which on reaching high enough into the crowns of trees to get more light, develops into an adult, flowering phase without climbing rootlets.
The leaves are arranged in opposite pairs, elliptic to elliptic-ovate, 2-6 cm long and 1-3 cm broad, with finely serrated margins. The are inconspicuous, 5 mm in diameter, with four small greenish-yellow petals. The fruit is a four-lobed pale green pod-like berry, which splits open to reveal the fleshy-coated orange seeds, one seed in each lobe.
It has an extensive native range, including many parts of China (from sea level to 3400 m elevation), India, Indonesia, Japan, Korea, Laos, Myanmar, Philippines, Thailand, and Vietnam.
It resembles Euonymus japonicus, which is also widely cultivated but is a shrub, without climbing roots.
(From Wikipedia on 16.1.14)
Celastraceae Fortnight: Euonymus fortunei ‘Emarald Gaiety’ from California-GS-6 : Attachments (2). 1 post by 1 author.
Celastraceae Fortnight: Euonymus fortunei from California-GS-7 : Attachments (3). 1 post by 1 author.
Euonymus fortunei (Turcz.) Hand.-Mazz., an evergreen shrub with numerous cultivars with elliptic to elliptic-ovate to obovate leaves up to 5 cm long, crenate-serrate along margin, 4-merous flowers and pinkish capsules.
Photographed from Sunnyvale, California.