Holigarna ferruginea Marchand, Rév. Anacardiac. 171 1869. (Syn: Catutsjeron ferrugineum (Marchand) Kuntze);


Others Charai, Karunchaarai
Tamil Charei


Evergreen trees, to 25 m high, bark greyish-white, smooth; exudation acrid. Leaves simple, alternate, crowded at the tip of branchlets, estipulate; petiole 10-20 mm, stout, glabrous; spur 2, linear, deciduous; lamina 7-17.5 x 4-10 cm, obovate, not suddenly broadened above the middle, base attenuate, apex obtuse or emarginate, margin entire, glabrous, coriaceous; lateral nerves 7-12 pairs, parallel, somewhat ascending, prominent, midrib slightly pubescent when young; intercostae reticulate, prominent. Flowers small, polygamous, in axillary and terminal panicled racemes, tomentum of inflorescence dark purple; calyx cupular, shortly 5-toothed; petals 5, cohering at the base and with the edge of the disc, densely villous inside, valvate, ciliate along the margins; disc lining the calyx tube, obscure in bisexual flowers; stamens 5, inserted out side the disc; filaments subulate; anthers versatile; ovary inferior, 1-celled, ovule pendulous; style 3, divergent; stigmas capitate. Fruit a drupe, obovoid, included within hypocarp, rusty tomentose.

Flowering and fruiting: April-May
Evergreen forests
Western Ghats (Endemic)
Id request 03062011 PJ1: Id requested for the following attachment.

Date/Time-: 18/05/11 – 13:00
Location- Place, Altitude – Kaiga , Uttar Kannada ,Karnataka, 380 mtrs
Habitat- Garden/ Urban/ Wild/ Type- wild
Plant Habit- Tree/ Shrub/ Climber/ Herb- tree
Height/Length- 18 mtr

I think of Anacardiaceae….or Lauraceae…..
Some close-up shots and field characters (like latex, smell of fruit, local name, etc.) may be helpful.

I think Anacardiaceae, May be some Holigarna species?

Looks like Holigarna arnottiana

Holigarna ferruginea Marchand