Orophea zeylanica Hook. f. & Thomson (Images by Navendu Page & P. Santhan (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more images, click on the links))


BSI Flora of India with details & keys
(Volume 1- 1993) (Distribution):
Orophea erythrocarpa Beddome (India: Evergreen forests. Andaman & Nicobar Islands (?), Tamil Nadu and Kerala)
Orophea hexandra Blume (India: Andaman & Nicobar Islands; Myanmar, Indo-china to Malesia) [No distribution in India & Myanmar as per A conspectus of Indo-Burmese Annonaceae by I. M. Turner (2015)]
Orophea katschallica Kurz (Andaman & Nicobar Islands)
Orophea monosperma (Kurz) Craib (India: Andaman Islands) 
Orophea polycarpa DC. (India: Meghalaya and Andaman & Nicobar Islands; Myanmar, Thailand and Cambodia)
Orophea salacifolia Hutch. (India: Andaman & Nicobar Islands)
Orophea thomsonii Beddome (India: Hilly regions of W. Ghats. Tamil Nadu)
Orophea torulosa Hutch. (India: Andaman & Nicobar Islands)
Orophea uniflora Hook. f. & Thomson (India: Karnataka, Kerala and Tamil Nadu)
Orophea zeylanica Hook. f. & Thomson (India: Evergreen forests, up to 800 m. Maharashtra, Karnataka and Kerala; Sri Lanka)

A conspectus of Indo-Burmese
by I. M. Turner- Nordic
Journal of Botany 33: 257–299, 2015-

Species in India with

Orophea erythrocarpa Bedd.- India [Kerala, Tamil Nadu] 
Orophea katschallica Kurz- India [Andamans, Nicobars] 
Orophea malabarica Sasidh. & Sivar.- India [Kerala] 
Orophea monosperma Craib- India [Andamans] 
Orophea polycarpa A. DC.- India [Andamans]; Burma 
Orophea salacifolia Hutch.- India [Andamans] 
Orophea sivarajanii Sasidh.- India [Kerala] 
Orophea thomsonii Bedd.- India [Tamil Nadu] 
Orophea torulosa Hutch.- India [Andamans] 
Orophea uniflora Hook. f. & Thomson- India [Karnataka, Kerala, Tamil Nadu] 
Orophea zeylanica Hook. f. & Thomson- India [Maharashtra, Karnataka, Kerala] 

A synopsis of Annonaceae in Indian subcontinent by SR KUNDU (pdf-23 pages)- Thaiszia – J. Bot., Košice, 16: 63-85, 2006. :
Orophea erythrocarpa Beddome, Trans. Linn. Soc. Lond. 20:5. 1846.: India.
Orophea hexandra Blume, Bijdr. 1: 18. 1825.: India, Myanmar, Malaysia, Indo-China. [No distribution in India & Myanmar as per A conspectus of Indo-Burmese
I. M. Turner (2015)

Orophea katschallica Kurz., J. Bot. 4 : 323. 1875.: India.
Orophea malabarica N. Sasidharan & V. V. Sivarajan, Blumea 35. 369. 1990.: India.
Orophea monosperma (Kurz.) Craib, Bull. Misc. Inf. Kew. 1915: 434. 1915.: India.
Orophea polycarpa DC., Mem. Soc. Phys. Geneve 5 : 39. 1832.: India, Myanmar, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Malaysia, Laos, Thailand, Kampuchea.
Orophea salacifolia Hutch., Bull. Misc. Inf. Kew. 1923 : 371. 1923.: India.
Orophea sivarajanii Sasidharan, Nordic J. Bot. 19: 301. 1998.: India.
Orophea thomsonii Beddome, Trans. Linn. Soc. Lond. 20 : 5. 1846.: India.
Orophea torulosa Hutch., Bull. Misc. Inf. Kew. 1923 : 115. 1923.: India.
Orophea uniflora Hook. f. & Thoms., Fl. Ind. 111. 1855.: India.
Orophea zeylanica Hook. f. & Thoms., Fl. Ind. I I I . 1855.: India, Sri Lanka.


Binomial Habit Notes References Distribution
Tree Western Ghats,
Moist Deciduous Forests
Flora of Tamil
Nadu, VOL. I, 1983
Orophea thomsonii Bedd. Tree Western
Ghats, Moist Deciduous to Evergreen Forests
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. I, 1983
Orophea uniflora Hook. f. & Thoms. Tree Western
Ghats, Evergreen Forests
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. I, 1983
Nilgiri, Tirunelveli


  • Orophea erythrocarpa Bedd.
  • Orophea thomsoni Bedd.
  • Orophea uniflora J. Hk. & Thoms.
  • Orophea zeylanica J. Hk.& Thoms.

    hirsuta King
     [Cambodia, India, Laos, Malaysia, Vietnam]- [No distribution in India as per A conspectus of Indo-Burmese Annonaceae by I. M. Turner (2015)]

    K. Sankararao, N.V. Page, A.N. Sringeswara, R. Arun Singh, Imran Baig & Sahana Vishwanath- Journal of Threatened Taxa 7(3): 6996–6999 (2015)-
    Abstract: Orophea malabarica Sasidh. & Sivar. and Orophea sivarajanii Sasidh., of the family Annonaceae were found growing in close proximity as undergrowth with restricted distribution in the evergreen forest of Makutta Ghat, Kodagu District, Karnataka State, India.  Earlier reports suggest that these are endemic to Kerala state of the Western Ghats and found distributed only in their type localities viz., Thrissur and Wayanad districts respectively. However, the present article reports extension of their range to new locations in Karnataka state and therefore become addition to the floral wealth of the state, as they were neither previously collected nor recorded from this region. The updated nomenclature, detailed description, flowering-fruiting seasons, distribution map, scanned herbarium specimens, field photographs, proposed conservation status and other relevant notes are provided in this communication. 

    Orophea narasimhanii sp. nov. (Annonaceae) from Andaman Islands, India – by K Karthigeyan – ‎2010- Nordic Journal of Botany Volume 28, Issue 1, pages 56–57, February 2010-
    AbstractOrophea narasimhanii (Annonaceae), a new species collected from the inland evergreen forests of Rutland Island, south Andaman, is described and illustrated. This species is allied to Orophea monosperma (Kurz) Craib, but differs from it by larger petals, a larger number of stamens and acute anther connective. A detailed description and illustration is provided. [Not mentioned in A conspectus of Indo-Burmese Annonaceae by I. M. Turner (2015)]

    A new species of Orophea (Annonaceae) from Western Ghats, India … by N. Sasidharan- Nordic Journal of Botany (Impact Factor: 0.6). 06/2008; 19 (3): 301 – 304.
    Abstract- Orophea sivarajanii, a new species from Western Ghats, India is described and illustrated.

    1997 IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants edited by Kerry Scott Walter, Harriet J. Gillett
    Orophea salacifolia Hutch. – Indeterminate- Andamans.
    Orophea thomsonii Beddome – Indeterminate- Tamilnadu
    Orophea torulosa Hutch. – Indeterminate- Andamans.
    Orophea uniflora Hook. f. & Thoms. – Indeterminate- Karnataka, Kerala & Tamilnadu

    Orophea : 3 posts by 2 authors.

    I have updated eFI (efloraofindia) page on Orophea

    Attempts have been made to incorporate most of the species available in India & nearby areas with details & keys directly or through links as far as possible.
    Species discussed so far in efloraofindia are given at the bottom of the page in the form of links against Subpages. On clicking them one can see all the details.

    Any comments/ corrections are welcome. 

    Dr Kundu’s document mentions all the species of Orophea (Annonaceae) of India. Karthikeyan et al. (2009) have similar information.

    Further updated eFI (efloraofindia) page on Orophea

    Pl. go through Orophea page (‎‎Annonaceae) with images of species in efloraofindia (done by me).

    If you find any mis-identification, pl. let us know.

    If anybody can send images of other species of this genera (for incorporation in the website), it will be really nice. Also, if anybody is interested to take up the activity of inserting images on efloraofindia pages from efloraofindia posts, pl. let us know.


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