IUCN Red List Status: Endangered (EN)
hamiltonii Wight & Arn., Contr. Bot. India 64 1834. (Syn: Apocynum reticulatum Herb. Madras ex Wall. (ambiguous synonym));
India (SW-Ghats (Karnataka, Tamil Nadu)) as per Catalogue of life;

Decalepis hamiltonii Wight & Arn. is a species of plant in the genus Decalepis.
It is endemic to Peninsular India and known by its names of Maredu Kommulu, Nannari kommulu and Madina Kommulu in Telugu, Makali beru in Kannada and Magali kizhangu in Tamil is a plant whose root is used in ayurvedic medicines and for use in pickles. It belongs to the family Asclepiadaceae.
The English name of swallowroot is sometimes used for the plant and studies have shown that it has insecticidal activity and a potential use in control of stored grain pests. The active ingredient in the root was synthesized and encapsulated with beta-cyclodextrins. The roots were also subjected to supercritical carbon-dioxide based extraction at the Central Food Technological Research Institute, Mysore, India.
The root contains antioxidants and extraction methods for it have been patented.[1]
The popularity of decalepis in the International markets recently has made the price of it soar and sends worrying signals of it getting being endangered due to over-exploitation.[2]
(From Wikipedia on 13.5.14)

Decalepis hamiltonii W&A. SN May 06 : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (3).
Decalepis hamiltonii W. & Arn. wild as well as cultivated climber,
roots used in pickling, preparing  a cool drink, it often substituted with Hemidesmus indicus,
it is endemic to Peninsular India.

Excellent images … thanks for showing..


Decalepis hamiltonii Wight & Arn. : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (5).

Decalepis hamiltonii Wight & Arn.
Local name- Makali beru
Location- Makali durga
As the name suggests, Makali beru might derived its name from the place where this photograph was taken- Makali durga (or the otherway around too)


ANAUG03 Plant for ID : 3 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (4).
This seemed to be a short tree
Although I have only seen such fruits on Asclepiad and Apocynaceae climbers before.
July 2014

Nice pictures of Decalepis hamiltonii (Apocynaceae), a S.Indian endemic.

ANMAY02/02 Decalepis hamiltonii Wight & Arn. : 4 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (6)
Family: Apocynaceae
Date: 30th April 2015
Place: Tumkur-Hassan border, Karnataka

Habit: Liana
Habitat: Scrub forest

Kannada name: Makali beru

Five petaled flowers often mimic human figure esp like the one drawn by da vinci
here the flowers remind ma a teddy bear with a big belt buckle
that’s how my brain will file this case
cant help it
i thought i’ll share my filing system

Images by tspkumar


TSPNOV2015-71:Images of Decalepis hamiltonii (Apocynaceae) : 4 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (5)

It is my pleasure to share few images of Decalepis hamiltonii (Apocynaceae) said to be endemic to Southern Peninsular India  

Habit: Shrub 

Habitat: Dry deciduous forest. 

Sighting: Devarayanadurga, Tumkur, Karnataka, about 800 msl 

Date: 29-06-2014, 07-07-2014, 12-07-2014 and 02-08-2014

Whether it was trying to climb somewhere?

Yes … It appeared that it was leaning towards another bush by the side. Had produced lot of branches in that direction.

Thank you …, It appeared from the photos that the habit is scandent, forming a bush.


Decalepis hamiltonii : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (1)

Found in Jawadhu hills of Eastern ghats.
Locals collected from hills.

Decalepis hamiltonii, Apocynaceae, : 5 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (3) – 1 mb or more.
Decalepis hamiltonii, Apocynaceae,
June 17,2020
Aurangabad MH

Endemic to Peninsular India, root used in cool drinks, pickle and Ayurvedic medicines.

Thanks, …

🙏🙏You are welcome. It is me who should express gratitude for this Virtual University of Botany named eflora of India.
It is a very important source of knowledge for me regarding plant study.
I will keep contributing to the same. 

Thanks, … Any contribution from your side will be valuable for us.


Apocynaceae: Decalepis hamiltonii Wight & Arn.: 2 images.
location/date (both): University of Agricultural Sciences campus, Bangalore, July 1997




Catalogue of life  The Plant List Ver.1.1  Wikipedia  NISCARE (pdf)  A report of the threatened plant Decalepis hamiltonii Wight & Arn. (Asclepiadaceae) from the mid elevation forests of Pachamalai Hills of the Eastern Ghats, Tamil Nadu, India V. Anburaja 1, V. Nandagopalan 2, S. Prakash 3 & A. Lakshmi Prabha 4- Journal of Threatened Taxa | www.threatenedtaxa.org | December 2012 | 4(15): 3447–3449

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