Gynochthodes umbellata (L.) Razafim. & B. Bremer (Andaman Is.; Assam; Bangladesh; Bismarck Archipelago; Borneo; China South-Central; China Southeast; Hainan; India; Japan; Jawa; Malaya; Marianas; Nansei-shoto; New Guinea; Philippines; Queensland; Samoa; Solomon Is.; Sri Lanka; Sumatera; Taiwan; Thailand; Vietnam as per Catalogue of Life)



BSI Flora of India Checklist Vol. 2 (Distribution):
Gynochthodes macrophylla Kurz (Andaman & Nicobar Islands)
Gynochthodes ridsdalei Razafim. & B.Bremer (Endemic to India: Kerala, Tamil Nadu)
Gynochthodes umbellata (L.) Razafim. & B.Bremer (Andaman Islands, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Kerala, Odisha, Tamil Nadu, West Bengal)

From Floral Database of Tamilnadu :

Binomial Habit Notes Ref. Distrib.
Morinda reticulata Gamble syn. of Gynochthodes ridsdalei Razafim. & B.Bremer Shrub Western Ghats, Evergreen Forests Flora of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987 Kanniya kumari  
Morinda umbellata L. = Gynochthodes umbellata Shrub Western Ghats & Eastern Ghats, Dry Deciduous to Moist Deciduous Forests Flora of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987 Coimbatore, Dindigul, Kanchee puram,  Namakkal, Nilgiri,  Salem, Thanjavur, Theni, Thiruvallur, Tiruchchira ppalli, Tirunelveli, Tiruvanna malai, Vellore, Virudhu nagar



An Excursion Flora of Central Tamilnadu, India By K. M. Matthew (1995)- Details with keys

Flora of Medak District, Andhra Pradesh, India By T. Pullaiah, Chintala Prabhakar, B. Ravi Prasad Rao (1995)- Details with keys
Morinda pubescens SM. syn. of Morinda coreia
Morinda umbellata L. = Gynochthodes umbellata


Floristic Plants of the World By Rashtra Vardhana (2006)-
Gynochthodes macrophylla Kurz (Andaman and Nicobar Is.)


I have updated eFI (efloraofindia) page on Morinda & Gynochthodes (Rubiaceae)

Attempts have been made to incorporate most of the species available in India & nearby areas with details & keys directly or through links as far as possible. It’s quite possible that there may be some discrepancy in the accepted names & synonyms taken from other links.

Species discussed so far in efloraofindia are given at the bottom of the page in the form of links against Subpages. On clicking them one can see all the details.

If someone can provide complete list of Indian species with source references it will be wonderful.

Any comments/ corrections are welcome.


Pl. go through Morinda & Gynochthodes (Rubiaceae) pages with images of species in efloraofindia.

If you find any incorrect identification, pl. let us know.

If anybody can send images of other species of this genera (for incorporation in the website) to indiantreepix@googlegroups.com, it will be really nice.