Ziziphus caracutta Buch.-Ham. ex Roxb., Fl. Ind. 2: 361 1824. (syn: Ziziphus glaberrima (Sedgwick) Santapau; Ziziphus xylopyrus var. glaberrima Sedgwick) as per Catalogue of Life

India (Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Orissa, Maharashtra, Karnataka) as per Catalogue of Life

India: Scattered from near base to the top of the hills, also in scrub jungle near sea coast. Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Orissa, Maharashtra and Karnataka as per BSI flora of India;
 

ZIZ-ih-fuss — an ancient Greek name derived from the Persian word zizafun … Dave’s Botanary
¿ kah-rah-KOOT-tuh ? — vernacular name of this plant, described by Roxburgh in Flora Indica … efloraofindia 

commonly known aswoody-fruited jujube • Gujaratiઘાટબોર ghat bor • Hindiकठ बेर kath ber • Kannadaಬಿಳಿ ಚೂರಿಮುಳ್ಳು bili churimulluಚಳ್ಳೆ challeಗೊಟ್ಟೆ gotteಕೊಡಚಿ kodachiಕೊಟ್ಟೆಮುಳ್ಳು kottemulluಪಾರ್ಪುಲಿಗಿಡ parpuligida • Konkaniगाळायी कांट्या झाड galayi kantya jhaadगुटी रानबोर guti ranbor • Malayalamചെറുതുടലി cherututali • Marathiघाटबोर ghatborघोंट ghontaहाडकी बोर hadki borरानबोर ranbor • Sanskritघोंट ghonta • Tamilகொட்டையிலந்தை kottai-y-ilantai • Teluguగొట్టిచెట్టు gotti chettuరేగొట్టి reegotti • Tuluಕೊಟ್ಟೆಮುಳ್ಳು kottemullu 

As per efi thread :

Z. oenoplea: the twig and the lower surface of leaves are tomentose with golden silky hairs. upper surface is shining glossy. fruit are ripeing black, about 0.6-0.8 cm across; rind soft. styles 2.

Ziziphus caracatta Buch-Ham. ex Roxb.: leaves glabrous above, glabrescent beneath, trinerved;deep green, ripening black, rugose, 1.5 cm in diameter, rind hard, stony. styles 3-fid. 

Z.caracatta is an unarmed small shrub/ small tree. with glabrous leaves and fruit.

Z.xylopyra is a small tree [which may or may not be armed with prickles] and has tomentose undersurface of leaves and fruit.
 
Fr. Santapau has described this species (Ziziphus caracatta) as being “similar to Z. xylopyra, but differing principally in the leaves being completely glabrous or at most only the primary nerves being somewhat slightly pubescent. Small tree, erect, up to 4 m. high, mostly very sparsely armed, not rarely either completely unarmed or on the contrary armed with many thorns.”
His description of the venation and the leaf base matches with that of … photographs: “the nerves not converging towards the apex of the leaf, but remaining parallel from the middle of the leaf up to the apex of the same … base acute or rounded and very unequal“. Conversely, the leaf base of Z. xylopyrus is “often nearly cordate”. 
 

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Request for ID 160809 Aarey 4 : 4 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (2).
Photos taken at Aarey coloney Mumbai.
Date- 16 August 2009


… could it be Ziziphus caracutta (syn. Rhamnus xylopyrus, Ziziphus xylopyra)
(Ziziphus, also spelled as Zizyphus)
commonly known as: woody-fruited jujube • Hindi: कठबेर kathber • Kannada: ಗೊಟ್ಟೆ gotte • Malayalam: പൊട്ടമുള്ള് pottamull, തുടലി thutali • Marathi: घाटबोर ghatbor, घोंट ghont • Sanskrit: घोंट ghonta • Tamil: கொட்டையிலந்தை kottai-y-ilantai • Telugu: గొట్టి gotti


If the tree is armed, it could be Flacourtia montana.


it is.
… is correct
Zizyphus caracatta Buch-Ham. ex Roxb. Fl. Ind. Wall. ed 2: 361, 1824; Almeida, Fl. Mah. 1: 254, 1996; Singh et al, Fl. Mah. St. 1: 543, 2000; Yadav & Sardesai, Fl. Kolhapur Dist. 116, 2002.
Synonyms: Z. glaberrima (Sedge) Santapau. JBNHS 51: 803, 1953. Z. zylopyra Willd. var. glaberrima Sedg. in Ind. For. 45: 71, 1919.

Common names: Ghatbor, Hadki bor.


 

 

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Sending some of my photographs for comparison. The tree is dead centre in the first photograph.


Is this Ziziphus rugosa – from Pune: plz id / confirm id .
Looks lik Ziziphus rugosa.
Habit- Shrub
Habitat- Wild
Height- Appx12- 15 feet
Stem- Woody , new branches were green.
Leaves- Simple,alternate,stalked, Ovate with wavy margins.
Flowers- Tiny yellowish-off white in colour.
Fruits- Small globose, reddish brown in colour.


This looks like Ziziphus caracutta [Z. xylopyra] to me. The local name is Ghat-bor. Please check the archives of this group for my photographs of this.


Seeing the fruits in DSC_0805.JPG I could say this is not Ziziphus xylopyrus.

…, what is the size of leaf and fruit? The leaves of Z. xylopyrus are bigger than those in this genus.


Photograph DSC_0805.JPG is the odd-man out. Please also check the fruit seen in photographs 3 & 7. Have both these plants on my property at Shahapur. My photographs of Z. rugosa are available in the archives of this group. [To view them, please type ‘Zizyphus rugosa Neil Soares’ in the search box above]. Am sending photogrphs of Ziziphus caracutta for comparison in a separate mail.


…, I saw yr thread f Ziziphus caracutta n yes the leaves n flowers do match. But as in yr pic.. fruits were white..I observed all blackish fruits.
…, Leave’s size was- appx 10 cm
fruits’s size- 2cm in diameter ( it was like बेर, just purplish or blackish in colour).
So Ziziphus xylopyrus is synonym of Ziziphus caracutta ??


Affirmative. Your tree is Ziziphus caracutta [syn. Z. xylopyrus].


Ziziphus caracutta/ Z.xylopyrus
… It is one of the most common tree on Vetal Tekdi. The fruits are grey white hard and larger (1.5cm) than the other variety found there. (Zizuphus oenoplia)
https://groups.google.com/forum/?hl=en&fromgroups#!topic/indiantreepix/p6fy4Nd_rLY


Ziziphus caracutta finally.


  
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Ziziphus caracutta for id confirmation. 30.05.14_AK_02 : Attachments (7). 3 posts by 3 authors.
This tree found in Pune district region, May 2014

Local people called it as “Ghatbor“/”Ghuti
Prickles are not seen, found only one fruit !!
is it Ziziphus caracutta or Z. xylopyrus ??
now one more query,
Actually what is the difference between Z. caracutta & Z. xylopyrus ?? 


This also could be Z xylopyra because the fruit appear slightly tomentose.
Mr. Ingalhalikar in his book ‘ Flowers of the Sayadaris’, Vol.2 has indicated that Z.xylopyra is a synonym of Z.caracutta [Dr.Almeida calls it Z.caracatta].
Cooke’s ‘Flora of Bombay Presidency’ makes no mention of Z.caracatta.
Dr. Almeida in his ‘Flora of Maharashtra’, Vol 1 and Yadav & Sardesai in their ‘Flora of Kholapur District’ have separated the two.
Z.caracatta is an unarmed small shrub / small tree. with glabrous leaves and fruit.
Z.xylopyra is a small tree [which may or may not be armed with prickles] and has tomentose undersurface of leaves and fruit.
Just spoke to Dr.Almeida.
His take :
– the 2 are distinct species.
Z.caracatta has no spines.
Z.caracutta was first described by Roxburgh from the Coromandel coast as a small unarmed tree.
– Fr. Santapau changed its name to Z. glabberima.
– Dr.Almeida in his book ‘Flora of Maharashtra’ has reverted back to its original name Z.caracatta.


All this is very interesting. I just referred to Fr. Santapau’s notes on Zizyphus (attached herewith) and I feel it resembles Z. caracutta [syn. Z. glaberrima (Sedgw.) Sant.]
Fr. Santapau has described this species as being “similar to Z. xylopyra, but differing principally in the leaves being completely glabrous or at most only the primary nerves being somewhat slightly pubescent. Small tree, erect, up to 4 m. high, mostly very sparsely armed, not rarely either completely unarmed or on the contrary armed with many thorns.”
His description of the venation and the leaf base matches with that of … photographs: “the nerves not converging towards the apex of the leaf, but remaining parallel from the middle of the leaf up to the apex of the same … base acute or rounded and very unequal“. Conversely, the leaf base of Z. xylopyrus is “often nearly cordate”.
His notes are from the early 1950s and his remarks on the distribution of these two species (in the last paragraph of the attached file) are also very interesting.
The attached scan is from the paper “Critical Notes on the Identity and Nomenclature of some Bombay Plants: II. The Genus Zizyphus Mill.” by H. Santapau. [JBNHS, vol. 51, p. 803 – 804, 1953].


 

 

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Ziziphus caracutta is known to be described from Coromandel coast; thus most chances are that the epithet caracutta is derived from local name. Any light on this ?
கொட்டையிலந்தை kottai-y-ilantai is one name for Z. xylopyra – closely associated to Z. caracutta.


Roxburgh, in his original description of Z. caracutta (Flora Indica, v. 1, p. 612, 1832), has mentioned “…A native of the southern parts of Mysore, and there known to the natives by the name Karakutta…”. See attached.
The language is not mentioned but it could be a Malayalam or Tulu name.
[The name karakutta is used in Tulu for a disease of cattle, called Epizootic aphthae (Ref.: Tulu-English Dictionary by Rev. A. Manner, 1886)].
Attachments (1)  


Wonderful retrieval of information, … This is so wonderful. 

Found entries of karagunta, karakutta and karakunta in Rev. A. Männer’s Tulu-English Dictionary – all three mean – disease of cattle, called Epizootic aphthae. Will try to find how any these words connect to the plant or its fruit.  

 

 

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via Species‎ > ‎Z‎ >
Ziziphus caracutta Buch.-Ham. ex Roxb. … family: Rhamnaceae
Flowers of India Discussions at efloraofindia more views in flickr more views on Google Earth
ZIZ-ih-fuss — an ancient Greek name derived from the Persian word zizafun … Dave’s Botanary
caracutta — most probably derived from name in Tamil 
commonly known aswoody-fruited jujube • Gujaratiઘાટબોર ghat bor • Hindiकठ बेर kath ber • Kannadaಬಿಳಿ ಚೂರಿಮುಳ್ಳು bili churimulluಚಳ್ಳೆ challeಗೊಟ್ಟೆ gotteಕೊಡಚಿ kodachiಕೊಟ್ಟೆಮುಳ್ಳು kottemulluಪಾರ್ಪುಲಿಗಿಡ parpuligida • Konkaniगाळायी कांट्या झाड galayi kantya jhaadगुटी रानबोर guti ranbor • Malayalamചെറുതുടലി cherututali • Marathiघाटबोर ghatborघोंट ghontaहाडकी बोर hadki borरानबोर ranbor • Sanskritघोंट ghonta • Tamilகொட்டையிலந்தை kottai-y-ilantai • Teluguగొట్టిచెట్టు gotti chettuరేగొట్టి reegotti • Tuluಕೊಟ್ಟೆಮುಳ್ಳು kottemullu 
botanical namesZiziphus caracutta Roxb., Fl. Ind. 2: 361. 1824 & Fl. Ind. 1: 612. 1832. … synonymsZiziphus xylopyrus var. glaberrima Sedgew. in Indian For. 45: 71. 1919. • Ziziphus glaberrima Santapau in J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 51(4): 803. 1953 & Fl. Saurashtra 94. 1962. … Botanical Survey of India 
Ziziphus xylopyrus (Retz.) Willd. … synonymsZiziphus caracutta Buch.-Ham. ex Roxb. … and more at India Biodiversity Portal 
Notes from Botanical Survey of IndiaZiziphus caracutta Roxb. was described in 1824. Later authors reduced it as a synonym of Z. xylopyrus var. glaberrima. Santapau (1953) raised it to the status of a species Z. glaberrima. A critical study of the above two taxa reveals that they are conspecific and therefore, they are treated here under a single taxon Z. caracutta, being the earliest valid name. 
May 17, 2008 … Tungareshwar Wildlife Sanctuary 


Nice Photograph … As usual outstanding. 

It’s called घोट्या in marathi in our region. A medium sized tree and mostly used as a Goat fodder plant.

but as per IPNI and The Plant list, Ziziphus xylopyrus (Retz.) Willd. is the accepted name.
Experts comments, please! ☺🙏

Thanks … for the appreciation and the local name – will add it in names database. 
The name Ziziphus caracutta Buch.-Ham. ex Roxb. is hardly popular; it is a unresolved name at The Plants List; put as a synonym of Ziziphus xylopyrus (Retz.) Willd. at some sites, including India Biodiversity Portal, while at Botanical Survey of India, it has a very far relation to Z. xylopyrus. But the small note at the end of page is interesting, worth heeding.
I hope those studying the Ziziphus genus in India, throw more light by sorting their species.


Thanks, …  Pl. Also efi site page in this regard. 


Yes …, there is some useful discussion in … post.


Thanks for this post! I was searching for Id of this Ziziphus for too long !! I think this Ziziphus  is present on Tilak Bridge Dadar on either sides of bridge while descending from Plaza theater to Khodadad circle. One more similar tree I saw earlier in Malad West. Very soon I ll share few images in same thread…



 

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Zizyphus xylopyrus : 5 posts by 1 author. Attachments (1)- 3 Mb. 
Zizyphus xylopyrus

Pl. also check Ziziphus caracutta with details and keys.

Locan name is gutbor or ghut bor in Gujarat

… has given ઘાટબોર ghat bor in Gujrati as per details at Ziziphus caracutta 


 
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Flora of Kaiga_ID_Plz_13072011 PJ2: Date/Time-: 12/07/11   –    14:40
Location- Place, Altitude – Kaiga , Uttar Kannada, Karnataka, 380 mtrs
Habitat- Garden/ Urban/ Wild/ Type-   wild
Plant Habit- Tree/ Shrub/ Climber/ Herb- Tree
Height/Length-9m

This looks like Strychnos nux-vomica.


I am much familiar with  Strychnos nux-vomica, i agree with Ziziphus xylopyrus. Pl see if any chance for  Zizyphus rugosa, pl comment.


Z. rugosa is different in having long terminal panicles, pinkish fruits (when ripe) etc. Pl check this link:
http://www.flickr.com/photos/32132262@N03/4595511119/


It is perfectly match with Ziziphus xylopyrus.


I think it should be Ziziphus caracutta Buch.-Ham. ex Roxb. as per details and images herein.


Ziziphus xylopyrus ?


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zizyphus rugosa perhaps 23052011 mm1:  Is this zizyphus rugosa?
Saw it growing at a tea shop in alibaug, looks very similar to your posting.
Please confirm


Affirmative …


it looks like Ziziphus xylopyra (Retz.) Willd.


Zizyphus xylopyra


i think flowering time of ziziphus rugosa is over in januaary or february.
so chance of other one. i am not sure just my view……… if i am wrong please correct my mistakes


… to me, … ‘s plant resembles more to Ziziphus xylopyrus (Retz.) Willd. just as … thinks … believing that Z. xylopyrus is synonym of Ziziphus caracutta Buch.-Ham. ex Roxb OR vice-versa.


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Ziziphus sp. for ID 30.05.14_AK_01 : 9 posts by 7 authors. Attachments (7).
This plant found in Pune district region, May 2014
Prickles are present on stem also !!
is it Ziziphus xylopyrus ?? or else ??


Affirmative. This looks like Ghatbor / Kath ber [Z.xylopyrus]. Please check this link :
Ziziphus rugosa.


I agree with …, it is Z. xylopyrus


Petals are absent in Zizyphus rugosa Lamk. var. glabra Bhandari & Bhansali
check for Zizyphus glabarata (Heyne ex Roth.)Wt., Icon. t.282, 1840; Lawson in Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 1: 633, 1875; Almeida, Fl. Mah. 1: 254, 1996; Singh et al, Fl. Mah. St. 1: 543, 2000.
Synonyms: Z. trinervia Roxb., Fl. India. Wall. ed. 2: 354, 1832 (non Poir, 1813), Cooke, Fl. Pres. Bombay 1: 256, 1958 (Repr.). Z. trinervius var. glabarata Heyne in Roth. Nov. Pl. Sp. 159, 1821.


efi page on Ziziphus glabrata


Zizyphus glabarata (Heyne ex Roth.)Wt., Icon. t.282 is unarmed. Ziziphus rugosa Lam. has cymes in terminal panicle

I think it should be Ziziphus caracutta Buch.-Ham. ex Roxb. as per details and images herein.


 

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Toran was flowering at my farm at Shahapur today. Sending a few photographs – the last 2 were taken by my friend … 
Had recently posted photographs of it fruiting – they are available at this link:  
https://groups.google.com/group/indiantreepix/browse_thread/thread/c0… 


I think it should be Ziziphus caracutta Buch.-Ham. ex Roxb. as per details and images herein.


 

 

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ID request 24052011 PJ2: Id requested for the following attachment.
Date/Time-: 12/04/11 – 10:45
Location- Place, Altitude – Kaiga , Uttar Kannada ,Karnataka, 380 mtrs
Habitat- Garden/ Urban/ Wild/ Type- wild
Plant Habit- Tree/ Shrub/ Climber/ Herb- tree
Height/Length-9-10m


This looks like Toran [Zizyphus rugosa].


My call is Z. glabrata.


i think Z.oenoplia. fruit of this use for adulterant for Areca catechu


I think it should be Ziziphus caracutta Buch.-Ham. ex Roxb. as per details and images herein.


 

References (Ziziphus caracutta Buch.-Ham. ex Roxb.):
JSTOR Global plants (Specimen- Type of Ziziphus caracutta Buch.-Ham. ex Roxb.– stored under name Ziziphus xylopyrus Willd.)
India Biodiversity Portal (Ziziphus caracatta Buch-Ham. ex Roxb. with Ziziphus glaberrima & Ziziphus xylopyra var. glaberrim as syn.)
Mansfeld’s Encyclopedia of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: (Except … edited by Peter Hanelt, Richard Büttner (2001) (Ziziphus caracutta Buch.-Ham. ex Roxb., Ziziphus elliptica Roxb., Z. orbicularis Roem. & Schult., Z. rotundifolia Roth & Z. ruminata Buch.- Ham. ex Wall. as syn. of Ziziphus xylopyra Willd. (“xylopyrus”))
Flora Indica; Or, Descriptions of Indian Plants, Volume 1 By William Roxburgh (Ziziphus caracutta Buch. & Ziziphus xylopyrus Willd.)

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