Arunachal Pradesh to E. India and Myanmar: Assam, Bangladesh, East Himalaya, India, Myanmar; Introduced into: Borneo, Cambodia, China Southeast, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Haiti, Lesser Sunda Is., Malaya, Philippines, Puerto Rico, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Vietnam as per POWO;
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Rhizome thick, 1-2 cm, perennial, fleshy, horizontal, aromatic, yellow inside. Leafy shoots 1-1.5 m high. Leaves subsessile; ligule very short, 2 mm long, bilobed, pubescent; lamina 20-40 x 3-4 cm, linear-lanceolate, tip acute, base slightly rounded, upper glabrous, lower surface pubescent. Inflorescence borne separately from the leafy shoot; peduncle 10-25 cm long, clothed with pubescent sheaths; spike c. 6-8 x 4 cm, ovate, deep red. Bracts 3-3.5 x 3-3.6 cm, broadly ovate, subacute with a narrow membranous margin, purplish-brown, pubescent. Bracteole 2-2.5 x 1.2-1.5 cm, obtuse, 3-toothed. Calyx c. 1.5 cm long, truncate, white, membranous, unilaterally split, glabrous. Corolla tube 2.3-2.5 cm long, pale yellow; lobes lanceolate, pale yellow; dorsal lobe 3.2 x 1.5 cm, cymbiform; lateral lobes 2.5 x 1 cm, linear-lanceolate, reflexed. Labellum 3-lobed, c. 2.5 cm wide, yellowish-white, suborbicular, apex emarginate with crisped margins. Lateral lobes c. 8 x 5 mm, obliquely obovate, erect. Filament short; anther-thecae c. 1 cm; crest longer than the thecae. Style long, filiform, stigma obconic, margin ciliate. Epigynous glands linear, free from each other. Ovary 3-4 mm long, pubescent. Capsule c. 1.5 cm in diameter, ovoid. Seeds very small, purple.

Flowering and fruiting: April-May
Along stream in evergreen forests
India. Cultivated in Tropical Asia
Attributions- Dr. N Sasidharan (Dr. B P Pal Fellow), Kerala Forest Research Institute, Peechi)
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Araceae, Arecaceae and Zingiberaceae Fortnight: August 1 to 14, 2014 : Zingiber montanum : Zingiberaceae : MNP,Mumbai : 110814 : AK-8 : 6 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (4).
Sharing pictures of Zingiber montanum.
Seen at Maharashtra Nature Park, Mumbai in August,2012.
Common name Cassumunar Ginger.

Very beautiful upload …


Thanks … I think this is a new addition to database. Correct me if wrong.


Yes …, you are right



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Araceae, Arecaceae and Zingiberaceae Fortnight: Zingiberaceae: Zingiber montanum : 3 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (1).
Please meet with Z. montanum


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Araceae, Arecaceae and Zingiberaceae Fortnight::Cobra Lily : MN06 : 4 posts by 4 authors.
Kindly ID  Place : Tansa Dam  Date : 15.08.2014  Height of plant : 5 feet

I don’t think this is Cobra Lily.
This should be Zingiber montanum.




I’d request please: 3 images.
Request for I’d of a plant growing wild from Amarkantak forest area. The plant is also cultivated in Pendra. Appears to be Zingiber. Need views of experts. Photographed in July, 2022.


Zingiber montanum (J.Koenig) Link ex A.Dietr. but POWO, CoL, WFO and IPNI ??says Zingiber purpureum Roscoe is the accepted name whereas GBIF and IBP says the other way !


Zingiber purpureum Roscoe (Z. cassumunar Roxb.)

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