Bolboschoenus maritimus is an almost cosmopolitan species (Cook 1996) widespread in temperate and tropical regions. Its European subpopulations extend east through Siberia, Mongolia, Kazakhstan and the Indian sub-continent. It also occurs throughout much of Africa, with records in Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, Libya, Egypt, South Africa, Namibia, Somalia, Kenya, Tanzania, Angola, Mauritania, Madagascar, Mali and Djibouti, as well as in Mauritius. In the American continent, it occurs throughout northern and western North America (including Hawaii), Central and South America. It has also been recorded in Australia (New South Wales) where it may be naturalized.

This species commonly grows on the margins of permanent or semi permanent waters, brackish and salt water lagoons, back mangroves and margins of salt marshes (Banerjee et al. 2002). It is considered a weed in rice fields (Cook 1996).
The roots of Bolboschoenus maritimus have been used in China as an astringent and diuretic, seeds and rhizomes can be ground into flour and baked into bread. The leaves are used for making mats, and as the edging of woven mats and used to warp for sandals as well as warps and twining wefts for making clothing. The rhizomes form a habitat for beneficial bacteria that give these plants excellent water filtering properties. The tubers are dried and powdered and used as baby feed in Kerala, India (J. Augustine pers. comm.).
Citation: Kumar, B., Juffe Bignoli, D. & Lansdown, R.V. 2013. Bolboschoenus maritimus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 20 September 2014.


Id this cypaeraceae : 5 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (3).
Found this at Pandharpur near water body

Yes it is a species of Fimbristylis

Thanks to all i got replay from … they said ki we need close up of it’s nuts (fruiting body) it is very tough to identify in this stage

It is Bolboschoenus maritimus (L.) Palla (Syn. Scirpus maritimus L.)

Kindly requesting for its id again : 5 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (2)
requesting for it’s id again had already send email of this particular species of cyperaceae and some one id’ed it but couldn’t found that email so posting again for ID
Pandharpur maharashtra 2014  September

It looks like Cyperus rotundus

I remember last time someone had id it as some fimbristylis

Bolboschoenus maritimus (L.) Palla (Syn. Scirpus maritimus L.) as per efi thread

Poaceae, Cyperaceae and Juncaceae Week :: Cyperaceae: Scirpus? for id from Panipat- NS 54: Attachments (6). 4 posts by 3 authors.
This was shot from Panipat area…any Scirpus sp.?? please help to identify…

Wild goose chase (according to distribution described in Fl Br Ind) – any of 1) S. littoralis 2) S. maritimus 3) S. grossus ???

Pl. also check comparative images at Schoenoplectus 

Looks like Bolboschoenus maritimus


Wetland grass id: 2 high res. images.
Cyperaceae member,
Collected from wetland of Bayad, Aravalli, Gujarat.

Any leaves, …?

Not clear image of leaves i have but may be this will help you.

Please check Bulboschoenus maritimus of Cyperaceae

Correctly identified.

Of the subspecies mentioned in POWO and CoL, they show distribution of only Bolboschoenus maritimus subsp. affinis (Roth) T.Koyama, in India.


Gonda O3 Sedge: 2 images.

ID please

23 November 2022
Gonda, U.P.

Fimbristylis dichotoma (L.) Vahl

I am not sure about the id of Fimbristylis dichotoma as per images at

Experts may confirm.

Looks like Bolboschoenus maritimus (L.) Palla [= Scirpus maritimus L.]

Of the subspecies mentioned in POWO and CoL, they show distribution of only Bolboschoenus maritimus subsp. affinis (Roth) T.Koyama, in India.