Images by Anurag N. Sharma 


Malayalam: Modakam, Modha,



Habit– Trees up to 30 m tall.

Trunk & Bark– Bark brown, smooth; blaze orange.
Branches and Branchlets– Branchlets stout, terete with lenticels.
Exudates– Exudates red sap from the cut end of branchlets.
Leaves– Leaves simple, alternate, spiral, usually at the end of the twigs; petiole 4-10 cm long, terete, glabrous, swollen at both ends, pair of glands present at the junction of lamina above; lamina 15-32 x 4-11 cm, usually narrow elliptic to oblanceolate, apex acuminate, base cuneate, margin serrate, coriaceous, glabrous, drying brown; midrib raised above; secondary nerves 10-12 pairs; tertiary nerves slender, obliquely percurrent.
Inflorescence / Flower– Flowers unisexual, dioecious, in terminal or lateral panicled pendulous racemes.
Fruit and Seed– Capsule, globose, 3-ribbed, brown tomentose.
Canopy to subcanopy trees in evergreen forests between 150 and 1800 m.
Western Ghats and Sri Lanka; in the Western Ghats- South and Central Sahyadris.

(Attributions- B. R. Ramesh, N. Ayyappan, Pierre Grard, Juliana Prosperi, S. Aravajy, Jean Pierre Pascal, The Biotik Team, French Institute of Pondicherry.


Paracroton pendulus subsp. zeylanicus (Thwaites) N.P.Balakr. & Chakrab.,
Wild tree from Agumbe area of Karnataka. (Thanks to … for Identification)

It reminds me of my olden days when we revised Paracroton replacing Fahrenhiitia. This paper was published in the Kew Bulletin. I congranctulate the photographer.




ANMAY34/42 Euphorbiaceae(?) for identification (1) : 6 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (15)
Date: 10th May 2015
Place: Agumbe, Karnataka
Habit: Tree
I am not sure if this belongs to Euphorbiaceae, it is only a guess based on the shape of the fruits.

Here are the photos of flowers clicked by a friend in April from the same tree.

Must be a tall tree! This is Paracroton pendulus ssp. zeylanicus (Euphorbiaceae).

what a difference between rubber tree and the rubber plat…
brilliant guess and nice appropriate photos

Excellent details of an interesting plant..

Thank you very much … It wasn’t too tall. Roughly 15 metres.