Chamaecrista auricoma (Benth.) V.Singh (Syn: Cassia auricoma (Benth.) Ghesq.; Cassia leschenaultiana var. auricoma (Benth.) de Wit; Cassia mimosoides var. auricoma Baker; Cassia mimosoides f. auricoma Benth.; Cassia mimosoides var. villosula Thwaites);
Bangladesh (N); Bhutan (N); India (N) ; Andhra Pradesh; Arunachal Pradesh; Kerala; Tamil Nadu; Uttar Pradesh ; Nepal (N); Pakistan (N); Sri Lanka (N) as per ILDIS;
Annual herbs or bushy undershrubs, up to 75 cm high, clothed with short curved and long spreading hairs. Leaves alternate, rachis (including petiole) 2-8 cm long, grooved above, ciliate on the edges of groove, pilose dorsally; leaflets 7-45 pairs, 5-10 x 1-2 mm, linear-oblong or oblong-lanceolate, acute-mucronate, oblique at base, ciliolate, glabrous above, with a few scattered long hairs beneath, mid-nerve excentric; glands solitary, borne on the petiole below the lowest pair of leaflets, ca. 1 mm wide, discoid or broadly oblong, sessile; stipules 5-12 mm long, acuminate-aristate, obliquely cordate at base, ciliolate. Racemes supra-axillary, 1 to 3-flowered; pedicels 5-15 mm long, pilose; bracts ovate, acuminate, ciliolate, glabrous; bracteoles 2, ovate-lanceolate, acuminate, pubescent on the back. Sepals 5-8 mm long, acute or acuminate, pilose outside. Petals yellow, 5-7 mm long, almost equaling sepals. Stamens 7-10, all fertile, unequal; anthers dehiscing by apical pores. Ovary 3-5 mm long, hirsute; style rather stout, thickened upwards, glabrous; stigma oblique, flat, ciliate on the orifice, often takes the shape of a disc or trumpet. Pods 4-5.5 x 0.4-0.5 cm, strap-shaped, flat, pilose; valves coiling on dehiscence; seeds 3-4 x 1.5-2 mm, oblong, glabrous, brown.
Flowering and fruiting: November-January
Indo-Malesia, China and Africa
(Attributions- Dr. N Sasidharan (Dr. B P Pal Fellow), Kerala Forest Research Institute, Peechi
ANSEPT53 Please identify this Chamaecrista sp. : 6 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (4).
Baba Budan Giri, Chikamagalur
14th September 2014
Chamaecrista – species in eFloraofindia (with details/ keys from published papers/ regional floras/ FRLHT/ FOI/ Biotik/ efloras/ books etc., where ever available)
Chamaecrista pumila (Lam.) K.Larsen
It resembles Chamaecrista leschenaultiana DC but the rachis and stem are very hairy, it is noted that the C.leshenaultiana is appressed hairy or glabrous. hence interesting to note.
It looks more like Chamaecrista auricoma (Grah. ex Benth) Singh (Syn. Cassia auricoma Grah. = Cassia mimosoides L. var. auricoma (Grah. ex Benth) Baker ).
Thank for confirming identity as Chamaecrista auricoma sir.