Berberis thunbergii DC., Syst. Nat. 2: 9 1821. (Syn: Berberis thunbergii var. argenteomarginata C.K.Schneid.; Berberis thunbergii var. atropurpurea Chenault; Berberis thunbergii f. erecta Rehder; Berberis thunbergii var. erecta (Rehder) Ahrendt; Berberis thunbergii var. maximowiczii (Regel) Regel; Berberis thunbergii var. minor Rehder; Berberis thunbergii var. pluriflora Koehne; Berberis thunbergii var. rubrifolia Ahrendt; Berberis thunbergii var. uniflora Koehne);
Berberis thunbergii (Japanese barberry, Thunberg’s barberry, or Red barberry) is a species of Berberis, native to Japan and eastern Asia, though widely naturalized in China and in North America.
It is a dense, deciduous, spiny shrub which grows 0.6 to 2.5 m (2 to 8 ft) high. It has deeply grooved, brown, spiny branches with a single (occasionally tridentine) spine (actually a highly modified leaf) at each shoot node. The leaves are green to blue-green (reddish or purple in some horticultural variants), very small, spatula to oval shaped, 12–24 mm long and 3–15 mm broad; they are produced in clusters of 2-6 on a dwarf shoot in the axil of each spine. The flowers are pale yellow, 5–8 mm diameter, produced in drooping 1-1.5 cm long umbrella-shaped clusters of 2–5; flowering is from mid spring to early summer. The edible fruit is a glossy bright red to orange-red, ovoid berry 7–10 mm long and 4–7 mm broad, containing a single seed. They mature during late summer and fall and persist through the winter.
This species is sometimes confused with Berberis canadensis (American barberry), Berberis vulgaris (European barberry), and other deciduous Berberis species; it is most readily distinguished by the flowers being produced in umbels, not racemes.
Berberis thunbergii is widely grown as an ornamental plant, both in Japan and elsewhere in the temperate Northern Hemisphere. Numerous cultivars have been selected, including plants selected for yellow, dark red to violet, or variegated foliage, erect growth (for hedge use), and dwarf size.
In recent years, Berberis thunbergii has been recognized as an invasive species in many parts of the eastern United States.
(From Wikipedia on 28.10.14)
Menispermaceae, Berberidaceae, Nymphaeaceae and Nelumbonaceae Fortnight: Berberidaceae- Berberis thunbergii ‘Orange Rocket’ from Srinagar, Kashmir-GSOCT11 : Attachments (3). 3 posts by 2 authors.
Berberis thunbergii ‘Orange Rocket’,
A cultivated shrub with orange red to almost blackish red leaves and long spines, photographed from Iqbal Garden (Hazuribagh), Srinagar Kashmir.
the red orange is it new leaves or starting cold season???/
when was the photos taken?
…, first two on 16 June, the third with new shoots with orange leaves emerging on 7 May.
Menispermaceae, Berberidaceae, Nymphaeaceae and Nelumbonaceae Fortnight: Berberidaceae- Berberis thunbergii ‘Orange Rocket’ from California-GSOCT12 : 4 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (3).
Berberis thunbergii ‘Orange Rocket’ , photographed from Sunnyvale, California.
this is inside someone’s garden, so its only use is its colorful foliage and a filler of space,
but out in the open field often used as a thorny showy hedge against intrusion
orange rocket.. i forgot to ask… what time of the year was this pic taken…
the color in summer should be bright reddish orange…
Berberis Species for ID : New Jersey : 16SEP19 : AK-05 : 5 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (4)
Berberis Species seen in New Jersey in June,2017.
Could be Berberis vulgaris?
Or could be Berberis thunbergii?
Berberis thunbergii f. atropurpurea ??
Thanks … Looks close.
Berberis thunbergii from SFO Botanical Garden-GS05072021-1: 1 image.
Berberis thunbergii DC
Photographed from SFO Botanical Garden, California, 2-6-2019