Erect herbs. Leaves lanceate, 1.5-5 by 0.3-0.5 cm, pilose, margin scabrid, apex acuminate, sheath 2-4 cm long. Racemes terminal, cylindric, 7-9 cm long, branches triquetrous, winged, scabrid. Spikelet ellipsoid, secund-imbricate, densely pubescent, shortly stipitate; glumes unequal, membranous, lower glume a minute scale, upper glume as long as spikelet, 5-nerved, lower lemma 3-nerved, upper lemma crustaceous, smooth, 3-nerved; stamens 3. Caryopsis ovoid.

Flowering and fruiting: December-March
India, westwards to Spain and North Africa
(Attributions- Dr. N Sasidharan (Dr. B P Pal Fellow), Kerala Forest Research Institute, Peechi

It is a annual, common weed in cultivated fields, sometimes grows in roadsides, damp places, ditches, waste places and also as weed of coffee plantations (Cook 1996, Lakshminarasimhan and Sharma 1991, Kabeer and Nair 2009).
B. eruciformis has a sub-cosmopolitan distribution; absent mainly from the northern parts of the northern hemisphere. It extends from Mediterranean Europe east through the Caucasus and Middle East to China. It occurs throughout much of Africa, South and Southeast Asia and Australia as well as the Caribbean and southern South America. In India it occurs in Andhra Pradesh, Assam, Bihar, Gujarat, Goa, Jammu-Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, Karnataka, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Orissa, Rajasthan,Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh and West Bengal (Cook 1996, Kabeer and Nair 2009, Rao and Kumari 2008, Lakshminarasimhan1996).
It is a fodder grass (Kabeer and Nair 2009).
Citation: Kumar, B. 2013. Brachiaria eruciformis. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.2. <>. Downloaded on 02 November 2014





Brachiaria eruciformis (Sm.) Griseb.SN Oct 37 : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (3).

Brachiaria eruciformis (Sm.) Griseb. (= Panicum isachne Roth),

a small grass near agricultural land from Anekal area of Bangalore

Bhopal; black soil; 2/11/2020


Moorochloa eruciformis (Brachiaria eruciformis)


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