Brachiaria eruciformis (Sm.) Griseb., Fl. Ross. 4: 469 1853. (Syn: Brachiaria cruciformis Griseb.; Brachiaria eruciformis var. divaricata Basappa & Muniy.; Brachiaria isachne (Roth ex Roem. & Schult.) Stapf; Echinochloa eruciformis (Sm.) Rchb.; Echinochloa eruciformis (Sm.) Koch; Milium alternans Bubani; Moorochloa eruciformis (Sm.) Veldkamp; Panicum anisostachium Bojer [Invalid]; Panicum caucasicum Trin.; Panicum cruciforme Steud. [Spelling variant]; Panicum eruciforme Sm.; Panicum isachne Roth; Panicum isachne var. mexicana Beal; Panicum isachne var. mexicanum Vasey ex Beal; Panicum koenigii Wight ex Nees [Invalid]; Panicum pubinode Hochst. ex A.Rich.; Panicum wightianum Arn. & Nees ex Nees [Invalid]; Panicum wightii Nees; Urochloa eruciformis (Sm.) C.Nelson, Sutherl. & Fern.Casas);
Medit. to Indo-China and Africa: Afghanistan, Algeria, Andaman Is., Angola, Bangladesh, Botswana, Bulgaria, Cape Provinces, Caprivi Strip, China South-Central, China Southeast, Cyprus, Djibouti, East Aegean Is., Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Free State, Greece, Gulf States, India, Iran, Iraq, Italy, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kriti, KwaZulu-Natal, Lebanon-Syria, Lesotho, Madagascar, Malawi, Morocco, Myanmar, Namibia, Northern Provinces, Oman, Pakistan, Palestine, Rodrigues, Réunion, Saudi Arabia, Sicilia, Sinai, Socotra, Somalia, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Swaziland, Tadzhikistan, Tanzania, Thailand, Transcaucasus, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Turkmenistan, Uganda, Uzbekistan, Vietnam, West Himalaya, Yemen, Yugoslavia, Zambia, Zimbabwe; Introduced into: Albania, Argentina Northeast, Cuba, Fiji, France, Hawaii, Honduras, Jawa, Leeward Is., Malaya, Marianas, Marshall Is., Maryland, Mauritius, Mexico Northeast, Mississippi, Missouri, Nansei-shoto, New Caledonia, New Guinea, Puerto Rico, Queensland, Texas, Virginia, Washington, Windward Is. as per POWO (Moorochloa eruciformis (Sm.) Veldkamp, Reinwardtia 12: 139 (2004))
Afghanistan; Algeria; Andaman Is.; Angola; Argentina Northeast; Bangladesh; Botswana; Bulgaria; Cape Provinces; Caprivi Strip; China South-Central; China Southeast; Cuba; Cyprus; Djibouti; East Aegean Is.; Egypt; Eritrea; Ethiopia; Fiji; France; Free State; Greece; Gulf States; Honduras; India; Iran; Iraq; Italy; Jawa; Kazakhstan; Kenya; Kriti; KwaZulu-Natal; Lebanon-Syria; Leeward Is.; Lesotho; Madagascar; Malawi; Malaya; Marianas; Marshall Is.; Maryland; Mexico Northeast; Mississippi; Missouri; Morocco; Myanmar; Namibia; New Caledonia; New Guinea; Northern Provinces; Oman; Pakistan; Palestine; Puerto Rico; Queensland; Rodrigues; Runion; Saudi Arabia; Sicilia; Sinai; Socotra; Somalia; Spain; Sri Lanka; Sudan; Swaziland; Tadzhikistan; Tanzania; Texas; Thailand; Transcaucasus; Turkey; Turkey-in-Europe; Turkmenistan; Uganda; Uzbekistan; Vietnam; Virginia; Washington; West Himalaya; Windward Is.; Yemen; Yugoslavia; Zambia; Zimbabwe as per Catalogue of Life;

Erect herbs. Leaves lanceate, 1.5-5 by 0.3-0.5 cm, pilose, margin scabrid, apex acuminate, sheath 2-4 cm long. Racemes terminal, cylindric, 7-9 cm long, branches triquetrous, winged, scabrid. Spikelet ellipsoid, secund-imbricate, densely pubescent, shortly stipitate; glumes unequal, membranous, lower glume a minute scale, upper glume as long as spikelet, 5-nerved, lower lemma 3-nerved, upper lemma crustaceous, smooth, 3-nerved; stamens 3. Caryopsis ovoid.

Flowering and fruiting: December-March
India, westwards to Spain and North Africa
(Attributions- Dr. N Sasidharan (Dr. B P Pal Fellow), Kerala Forest Research Institute, Peechi from India Biodiversity Portal)

It is a annual, common weed in cultivated fields, sometimes grows in roadsides, damp places, ditches, waste places and also as weed of coffee plantations (Cook 1996, Lakshminarasimhan and Sharma 1991, Kabeer and Nair 2009).
B. eruciformis has a sub-cosmopolitan distribution; absent mainly from the northern parts of the northern hemisphere. It extends from Mediterranean Europe east through the Caucasus and Middle East to China. It occurs throughout much of Africa, South and Southeast Asia and Australia as well as the Caribbean and southern South America. In India it occurs in Andhra Pradesh, Assam, Bihar, Gujarat, Goa, Jammu-Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, Karnataka, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Orissa, Rajasthan,Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh and West Bengal (Cook 1996, Kabeer and Nair 2009, Rao and Kumari 2008, Lakshminarasimhan1996).
It is a fodder grass (Kabeer and Nair 2009).
Citation: Kumar, B. 2013. Brachiaria eruciformis. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.2. <>. Downloaded on 02 November 2014



Brachiaria eruciformis (Sm.) Griseb.SN Oct 37 : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (3).
Brachiaria eruciformis (Sm.) Griseb. (= Panicum isachne Roth),
a small grass near agricultural land from Anekal area of Bangalor

Yes it is


Need help id of little grass with brownish seed : 4 images.
Bhopal; black soil; 2/11/2020


Moorochloa eruciformis (Brachiaria eruciformis)